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retreat were marched to Cambridge, and were then ordered to lie on their arms. For eleven months from that time Cambridge was occupied by the American army. The college buildings were made use of as barracks. The library and apparatus of the college were first removed to Andover, and then to Concord, where for a time instruction was given. The Episcopal church was converted into barracks, and many private houses were taken for the same purpose, or for hospitals. The headquarters of General Ward were in the house which stood nearly in front of the present Austin Hall, and was long familiarly known as the Holmes House. There the movement was planned which resulted in the battle of Bunker Hill. Cambridge was in close touch with that event, but the story of the battle must be sought in Frothingham's Siege of Boston. The details concerning the life and death of Colonel Thomas Gardner, whom Cambridge was called upon to mourn that day, will be found fully set forth in Paige's Cambri
take a leading part, although in fact I only contributed towards the singing, the speaking, and the payment of the bills. At that time the population of the whole town had expanded to 8409, rather more than one third of this being .in what is now Ward One. It is hard to convey an impression of the smallness of the then Cambridge in all its parts and the fewness of its houses. The house in which I was born in 1823, and which had been built by my father, was that at the head of Kirkland Streeg on the haycart. There were farms all over town,—all the way up the West Cambridge (Arlington) road, and also between Old Cambridge and Boston, with an occasional outbreak of ropewalks, spreading, like sprawling caterpillars, through what is now Ward Four. There were also some well-preserved revolutionary fortifications,—one remarkably fine one on what is now Putnam Avenue,—but these have now unfortunately vanished. There were ample woods for wildflowers,— Norton's woods and Palfrey's woods
with this, but that the historical reminiscences of the old house have been recently told in a most interesting memoir by a distinguished student of our local history. I retain my doubts about those dents on the floor of the right-hand room, the study of successive occupants, said to have been made by the butts of the Continental militia's firelocks, but this was the cause the story told me in childhood laid them to. That military consultations were held in that room, when the house was General Ward's headquarters, that the Provincial generals and colonels and other men of war there planned the movement which ended in the fortifying of Bunker's Hill, that Warren slept in the house the night before the battle, that President Langdon went forth from the western door and prayed for God's blessing on the men just setting forth on their bloody expedition,—all these things have been told, and perhaps none of them need be doubted. It was a great happiness to have been born in an old hous
Cambridge Common. Ex-Mayor Charles H. Saunders. One of the most interesting spots in our historic city is the public Common in Ward One, situated on Massachusetts Avenue, with Harvard College on one side and Radcliffe College on the other. This tract of about ten acres was set apart by the Proprietors of Common Lands for public uses from the earliest settlement of the town. The title, however, was not formally transferred to the town until November 20, 1769, when at a meeting of the propescort of his staff and the officers of the army, Washington marched from what is now the old President's House in Harvard Square, then occupied as his headquarters, to the elm on the Common. The army was drawn up in line under command of General Artemas Ward, who read Washington's commission to the assembled multitude, and made proclamation of the same to the army. Washington then advanced a few paces, made a brief address, drew his sword, and assumed the command, which he held until the tre
and with how little we had been satisfied. In Ward One, we had Cambridge Common, Winthrop Square, Arsenal Square; in Ward Two, Broadway Common; in Ward Three, no open spaces; in Ward Four, WashingtoWard Three, no open spaces; in Ward Four, Washington Square, Hastings Square, and River Street Square; in Ward Five, again, there was no open space. FWard Four, Washington Square, Hastings Square, and River Street Square; in Ward Five, again, there was no open space. Fresh Pond Park, begun by the wise foresight of Chester W. Kingsley and his fellow-workers on the WatWard Five, again, there was no open space. Fresh Pond Park, begun by the wise foresight of Chester W. Kingsley and his fellow-workers on the Water Board, had already been somewhat developed, and the esplanade of the Charles River Embankment Comal public grounds was seen to be most urgent in Ward Two, Ward Three, and also in Ward Five, in whicWard Three, and also in Ward Five, in which, though the population is scattered as a whole, there is a crowded locality. After much deliberWard Five, in which, though the population is scattered as a whole, there is a crowded locality. After much deliberation, for the relief of East Cambridge it was decided to centre all effort in the development of thas many as 10,000 people assembled there. In Ward Two, a tract of twelve acres off Cambridge Strets, the union of all for the good of all. In Ward Five, next to the Wyman School, Rindge Field ha
nd general intelligence of its citizens; the prevalence of The Cambridge Idea, in municipal politics, which means the highest civic development; the strife for the ideal in municipal life. With such advantages, it is not surprising that the growth of the city is rapid, symmetrical, and healthful. No city offers greater inducements to the manufacturer. In the more desirable residential sections, both in the recently filled and newly developed lands near Harvard bridge, and other portions of Ward Four near the projected park and riverway, and on the higher grounds of Wards One, Two, and Five, are several hundred acres of land offering every advantage for occupancy, and providing thousands of the finest and most desirable building sites, with an infinite variety of choice, and well suited for the homes of all classes, however modest or luxurious their requirements. In no community is the hand of welcome more readily or warmly extended to the worthy stranger, or the invitation more hea
ions of land have been made on the northern boundary, and by the further purchase of the Winchester estate on the south, so that to-day the whole area is more than sixty acres. The Broadway ground was disused in 1865, by authority from the General Court, April 29th of that year, as follows: Resolved, That the City Council of the City of Cambridge is hereby authorized, at the expense of the city, to remove the remains of the dead from the burial-ground between Broadway and Harvard Street in Ward number Two in said Cambridge, to the Cambridge cemetery, or such other burial-place in the vicinity of Cambridge as the relatives and friends of the deceased may designate and provide. Said ground shall be surrounded by suitable enclosures, and shall forever remain unused for a public street, unoccupied by any building, and kept open as a public park. This was faithfully carried out by the city council of 1868. Suitable walks were made, and ornamental trees, shrubbery, etc., planted, thu
ridge. Thus, in 1843, the three sections or wards of the town had each its high school, with a man for its principal and a woman to assist him. The high school of Ward One, as we have seen, was for girls. Inasmuch as it also contained girls of grammar school grades, it was as often called a high and grammar school as a high school. The high schools of Wards Two and Three were for both sexes, that of Ward Two being the only one in the town not associated with grammar school pupils. In 1847, the plan of uniting the high school pupils of the three wards was revived. A high school for the city (Cambridge had ceased to be a town May 4, 1846) was opened entire city. The ideas that had long and fruitlessly sought to make the high school organized in Cambridgeport in 1838 a high school for the town rather than for Ward Two had at last triumphed. One happy result of the triumph was the reduction of sectional jealousies and the growth of more sympathetic relations between the some
Esq., & Doct. Tho's Foster, which had been appointed in February, reported the following list of articles that they had procured, which were then exhibited to the Society, viz.:—3 Bathing Tubs, 2 Block tin bed-pans, 2 Block tin pint syringes, 1 Block tin half-pint syringe, 3 urinals, and 1 bed-chair. It was determined that these articles should be deposited in the hands of a suitable person resident near the centre of the town, The town at that time was but a small portion of the present Ward One. Probably there were seven hundred inhabitants. who should engage to keep them safely, and to deliver them to applicants under such conditions as the society might adopt. Inhabitants of other towns were not to use the articles, unless they were too remotely situated to avail themselves of similar advantages in their own towns, from which we are to infer that bath-tubs, etc., were known elsewhere in the vicinity. Every borrower was under bonds to return the articles clean and dry, and
, and W. W. Dallinger. The Cambridge National Bank The Cambridge National Bank, located at No. 221 Cambridge Street, East Cambridge, was organized in June, 1864, through the efforts of Daniel R. Sortwell, who at that time had just moved into Ward Three from Somerville. The first board of directors consisted of Daniel R. Sortwell, Joseph H. Tyler, John N. Meriam, Charles J. Adams, Thomas Cunningham, Israel Tibbetts, and Joseph A. Wellington. Daniel R. Sortwell was elected president, and Jo Nathan Darkhurs, to ware, Dr.020 June 19, 1793. David Brackett, to my horse to Framingham, 12 miles, Dr.030 Thos. Rand to S thousd shingle nales, Dr.0174 October 28, 1794. the Widow Ward, to Earthern ware, Dr. May, 1797. Esq. A. Ward, to 1 1/2 Days work Charles and oxen Braking up, Dr.0120 Mch 4, 1800. Dr. Amos Brancroft, to ware, Dr.016 the Widow Lucy Sanderson, to Hogg, Dr2178 For more than one hundred years the business remained in the same location, and pa
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