a philosophy of religion which reconciles modern science with the essential facts of Christianity.
The most important religious movement of the nineteenth century in England is a reversion to sacramentalism, led by Newman and Pusey and William George Ward.
Its ruling idea is that the sacraments have power in themselves to convey grace and salvation.
This is essentially the doctrine of the old Church, and the movement gradually took on the form of a reaction; the adoration of the consecrated wafer, prayers for the dead, the use of incense—various Roman Catholic practices —were adopted one by one.
In due time Newman and Faber and Ward entered the Catholic communion; since their departure, the ideas and practices for which they stood have been rapidly gaining ground in the English Church.
How far this doctrinal reaction is likely to go, it would not be safe to predict.
But it must be said of the High Church party that it is not wasting all its energies upon vestments and ceremon