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Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3 10 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 5 1 Browse Search
Frank Preston Stearns, Cambridge Sketches 4 4 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morton, William Thomas Green 1819-1868 (search)
ist; born in Charlton, Mass., Aug. 9, 1819. After studying dentistry in Baltimore in 1840, he settled in Boston (1842), where he successfully manufactured artificial teeth. While attending lectures at a medical college, he conceived the idea that sulphuric ether might be used to alleviate pain. Assured of its safety by experiments on himself, he first administered it successfully in his dental practice Sept. 30, 1846, extracting a firmly rooted tooth without pain. At the request of Dr. John C. Warren, ether was administered to a man in the Massachusetts General Hospital, from whose groin a vascular tumor was removed while the patient was unconscious. Dr. Morton obtained a patent for his discovery in November, 1846, under the name of Letheon, offering, however, free rights to all charitable institutions; but the government appropriated his discovery to its use without compensation. Other claimants arose, notably Dr. Charles T. Jackson and Horace Wells, and he suffered great persec
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Warren, John Collins 1778-1856 (search)
Warren, John Collins 1778-1856 Surgeon; born in Boston, Mass., Aug. 1, 1778; graduated at Harvard College in 1797; began practice of medicine in Boston, in 1802; was assistant Professor of Anatomy and Surgery in the Harvard Medical School in 1806-15, professor in 1815-47; and emeritus professor in 1847-56. He was one of the founders of the Massachusetts General Hospital and the McLean Asylum for the Insane; president of the Massachusetts Medical Society, of the Massachusetts Temperance Society, and of the Boston Society of Natural History; and founder and editor of the Boston Medical and surgical journal. He successfully applied ether in a surgical operation in the Massachusetts General Hospital in 1846. He was one of the editors of the Monthly Anthology and Boston review. He died in Boston, Mass., May 4, 1856.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wells, Horace 1815-1848 (search)
ucation and after learning dentistry began practice in his native city, in 1840; after long seeking a means of preventing pain while extracting teeth, he made several unsuccessful experiments with various substances, and then declared that the only efficient treatment was that of nitrous oxide. It was not, however, until Dec. 11, 1844, that he put this agent into practical use, by having a tooth extracted from his own mouth without feeling pain. He then began to use the gas in extracting teeth from other persons. He was the author of A history of the application of nitrous-oxide gas, ether, and other vapors to surgical operations. He died in New York City, Jan. 24, 1848. A bronze statue of Dr. Wells has since been erected in Bushnell Park, Hartford, bearing an inscription crediting him with the discovery of anesthesia, although his claims and those of Drs. Charles T. Jackson, John C. Warren, William T. G. Morton, and Gardiner Q. Colton, formed the cause of a notable controversy.
Frank Preston Stearns, Cambridge Sketches, Dr. W. T. G. Morton (search)
clothes smelt of it; and that he tried to persuade laboring-men to allow him to experiment upon them with it. As Dr. J. Collins Warren says: Anesthesia had been the dream of many surgeons and scientists, but it had been classed with aerial navie world. In the consideration of this subject we come upon a man of rare character-rare even in his profession. Dr. John C. Warren was the perfect type of an Anglo-Saxon surgeon. His courage and dexterity were fully equalled by his kindness and ertinacity of purpose, called on me several times to show some of his inventions. At that time I introduced him to Dr. John C. Warren. Shortly after, in October, I learned from Doctor Warren that Doctor Morton had visited him and informed him that r was administered by Doctor Morton, and the operation performed by Doctor Warren. It was eminently fitting that Dr. John C. Warren should be the one to introduce painless surgery to the medical profession. Next to Morton he deserves the highest
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 3, Chapter 3: the covenant with death.1843. (search)
that he thinks it is either) busy about his heart, which will soon put an end to him. However, Dr. Warren, our John Collins Warren. most eminent surgeon, and one of the first in the world, does not rJohn Collins Warren. most eminent surgeon, and one of the first in the world, does not regard it as anything serious. When Garrison had finished consulting him, and tendered him his fee, he declined taking any fee from Mr. Garrison, which we regard as quite a sign of progress, as the Doeopathists June 12, 1843, Mr. Garrison writes to G. W. Benson (Ms.): Last Tuesday [June 6] Dr. Warren made a careful examination of my side in the presence of Dr. [Henry I.] Bowditch. He says it , gave me great pain for several days afterward. I think Dr. Wesselhoeft is nearer right than Dr. Warren; but Dr. Bowditch fully agrees with the latter. Dr. Wesselhoeft's diagnosis was a tumor, partadd to the list. The rest of us, however, Lib. 14.35; ante, p. 71. are inclined to hope that Dr. Warren knows as much about the matter as any of these new lights, and that Garrison may get over it.