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Mrs. John A. Logan, Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife: An Autobiography, Chapter 14: (search)
strious ancestors. The tables of North and South Carolina were especially attractive, the ladies who presided being typical of their native State. The beautiful flowers and delicious fruits which characterized these States were in abundance, while Maryland and many of the other States had innumerable revolutionary relics displayed. The rotunda was decorated as never before. Boxes of tea in imitation of the Boston Tea Party were in evidence. Tea was served in cups marked George and Martha Washington. These were sold at one dollar apiece, and I have the pleasure of still retaining the one which I purchased. Liberty bells which had been rung in those historic days were on exhibition. On the committee of arrangements were prominent army and navy officers and officials of the Government. Senator Hawley of Connecticut and Secretary Robeson made eloquent addresses, and the Marine Band discoursed patriotic music during the afternoon and evening. At the opening of the exposition
e of brave men. Their progress was steadily onward until the summit was in their possession. Three months later Grant became the first lieutenant-general since Washington. unstinted praise to worthy subordinates for the work they did. Like the chief artists who weave the Gobelin tapestries, he was content to stand behind the clo group of Federal soldiers. Around this splendid colonial mansion cluster memories of the whole course of American history. It was built by the adopted son of Washington, George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of his wife Martha Custis. On the death of Martha Washington in 1802, he erected this lordly mansion with the front iMartha Washington in 1802, he erected this lordly mansion with the front in imitation of the Temple of Theseus at Athens. Within were stored memorials brought from Mount Vernon—pictures, silver-service, and furniture. Here Custis entertained with a lavish hospitality. Lafayette was a guest of honor on his visit to this country. In 1831, in the room to the left of the main hall, the only daughter of t
-li-raed merrily; But Brain sat still, with never a sound— Full cynical-calm was he. Heart's helmet-crest bore favors three From his lady's white hand caught; Brain's casque was bare as Fact—not he Or favor gave or sought. Various historical monuments. Peterson's poem preceding celebrates the heritage of glorious history common to North and South alike. The wartime views on this page are all Southern; yet every American can share the pride of beholding these spots—the house where Washington received Cornwallis's surrender; the tomb of Polk, leader of the nation when Scott and his soldiers fought in ‘Montezuma's clime’; the monument to the statesman Henry Clay; and the barracks at Baton Rouge, a stormy point under five flags—French in 1719, British in 1763, Spanish in 1779, American in 1810, and Confederate in 1861. Here nearly every prominent officer in the United States army since the Revolution did duty —Wilkinson and the first Wade Hampton, afterward Gaines and Jes
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, Lawrence 1718- (search)
nder General Wentworth. That officer and Admiral Vernon commanded a joint expedition against Carthagena, which resulted in disaster, not less than 20,000 British soldiers and seamen perishing, chiefly from a fatal sickness like yellow fever. It was in the midst of that terrible pestilence that the seeds of a fatal disease were planted in the system of Lawrence Washington, against which he struggled for years. During the campaign he had gained the confidence Lawrence Washington. Martha Washington. of both Wentworth and Vernon. Lawrence intended to go to England and join the regular army, but, falling in love with the beautiful Anne Fairfax, they were married in July, 1743. He took possession of his fine estate, and named it Mount Vernon, in honor of the gallant admiral. Little George was a frequent and muchpetted visitor at Mount Vernon. In 1751, when George was nineteen years of age, his brother felt compelled to go to Barbadoes in search of a renovation of his health. G
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Washington, Martha 1732-1781 (search)
Washington, Martha 1732-1781 Wife of George Washington; born in New Kent county, Va., in May, 1732. Her maiden name was Dandridge, andLord Dunmore. She remained in Cambridge Shadow portrait of Martha Washington. until Howe evacuated Boston. Washington's headquarters therfellow, the poet. The people showed affectionate regard for Mrs. Washington, as the wife of the first President, when she journeyed from My these gentlemen and ladies to Gray's Ferry, on the One of Martha Washington's tea-cups. Schuylkill, where they all partook of a collation to the city Mrs. Robert Morris occupied a seat by the side of Mrs. Washington. When the procession entered the city the wife of the Presided several distinguished gentlemen, in the splendid barge in which Washington had been conveyed from the same place to New York a month before.New York, crowds of citizens were there assembled, who greeted Mrs. Washington with cheers, and from the battery near by the thunder of thirt
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wharton, Anne Hollingsworth 1845- (search)
Wharton, Anne Hollingsworth 1845- Author; born in Southampton Furnace, Pa., Dec. 15, 1845; received a private school education; has written chiefly on colonial and Revolutionary topics; was a judge of the American colonial exhibit at the World's Columbian Exposition. She is the author of Through colonial days; Colonial days and Dames; A last century maid; Life of Martha Washington; Salons colonial and Republican; Heirlooms in miniature, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wheatley, Phillis 1753-1784 (search)
oet; born in Africa, of negro parents, presumably in 1753; was purchased as a slave by John Wheatley, of Boston, in 1761. She received a private education, and developed marvellous powers of acquisition. On Oct. 26, 1775, she sent a letter to Washington enclosing some lines written in his honor, which were afterwards published in the Pennsylvania magazine. These were highly praised by Washington in a letter addressed to her, Feb. 2, 1776. Thomas Jefferson also referred to her poetry in high ten in his honor, which were afterwards published in the Pennsylvania magazine. These were highly praised by Washington in a letter addressed to her, Feb. 2, 1776. Thomas Jefferson also referred to her poetry in high terms. Her other publications include An Elegiac poem on the death of George Whitfield, chaplain to the Countess of Huntingdon; The negro equalled by few Europeans (poems, 2 volumes); Elegy sacred to the memory of Dr. Samuel Cooper, etc. She died in Boston, Mass., Dec. 5, 1784.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wheeler, Samuel 1742-1820 (search)
Wheeler, Samuel 1742-1820 Blacksmith; born in Weccaco, Pa., in 1742; was in the Continental army during the Revolutionary War, and at the personal request of Washington made the chain which was stretched across the Hudson River at West Point to prevent the passage of British vessels. He also manufactured a cannon by welding together iron bars, which did better execution, had a longer range, and was not so heavy as brass ordnance. During the action at Brandywine this gun did such good service that it was regarded as a wonder by American officers, but before the conclusion of that battle it was captured and afterwards sent to England, where it was exhibited in the Tower of London. Later, Napoleon Bonaparte used a pattern of it as a model for the cannon used by his flying artillery. He died in Philadelphia, Pa., May 10, 1820. See Clinton, Fort, capture of.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), White, Anthony Walton 1750-1803 (search)
White, Anthony Walton 1750-1803 Military officer; born in New Brunswick, N. J., July 7, 1750; was appointed lieutenantcolonel of the 3d New Jersey Regiment in February, 1776, and was in command of cavalry in South Carolina in 1780. He and most of his command were captured at Lanneau's Ferry in May of that year. Colonel White was greatly esteemed by Washington, who in 1798 chose him as one of the brigadier-generals of the provisional army. He died in New Brunswick, N. J., Feb. 10, 1803.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), White House, the, Washington, D. C. (search)
s restored in 1818. The front door is on the north side of the building, and opens from a pillared private portion of the house. On the left-hand side is a hall from which rises the staircase that is climbed by all the people who go to see the President on business. From this supplementary hall opens the great East Room that occupies one end of the building. This room is 80 feet long by 40 feet wide with a ceiling 22 feet high. Lifesized portraits of the Father of his country and Martha Washington adorn the walls, which are decorated in white and gold. There are two mirrors in panels and over the mantels. Two doors open to the west, the one into the red corridor, which runs at right angles to the East Room, and the other into the Green Room —the first of the suite of parlors known as the Green, Blue, and Red rooms—on the south side of the house. Each room measures about 30 × 20 feet. The red corridor is lighted from the glass screen seen on entering; it communicates with the
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