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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kearny, Philip 1815- (search)
co he lost his left arm in battle. After serving a campaign on the Pacific coast against the Indians, he went to Europe, and served on the staff of the French General Maurier in the Italian War (1859). He received from the French government a second decoration of the Legion of Honor. He hastened home when the Civil War broke out; was made brigadiergeneral of volunteers just after the battle of Bull Run, and commanded a brigade of New Jersey troops in Franklin's division, Army of the Potomac. He comhanded a division in Heintzelman's corps; behaved gallantly during the Peninsula campaign; was made major-general of volunteers in July, 1862; was the first to reinforce Pope; and was engaged in the battles between the Rappahannock and Washington, front Aug. 25 till his death, near Chantilly, Va., Sept. 1, 1862. He had placed his division in preparation for battle, and after dark was reconnoitring within the enemy's lines when he was discovered and shot dead. Kearny, Stephen Watts
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stockton, Robert field 1795-1866 (search)
e War of 1812-15; became captain in 1838, and resigned in May, 1850. In the Mediterranean and on the coast of Africa he was active and efficient—against the Algerine pirates in the first instance, and the slavers in the second—and in 1821 he made treaties with African chiefs by which was obtained the territory of Liberia (see Colonization Society, American). He also broke up the nests of many West India pirates. He was among the foremost in advocating steam-vessels for the navy, and the Princeton, built after his plan, in 1844, was the pioneer. In 1845 he was sent to the Pacific with 1,500 men, including 600 sailors, in a small squadron, and in a few months he was chiefly instrumental in conquering California and forming a provisional United States government there. He was United States Senator from 1851 to 1853, and to him the navy is indebted for the abolition of flogging on shipboard. He died in Princeton, N. J., Oct. 7, 1866. See Fremont, John Charles; Kearny, Stephen Watts
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Watts, Stephen -1788 (search)
Watts, Stephen -1788 Lawyer; born about 1743: graduated at the University of Pennsylvania in 1762; admitted to the bar in Philadelphia in 1769; removed to Louisiana in 1774; later became recorder of deeds of the English settlements on the Mississippi. He wrote an essay on Reciprocal advantage of a perpetual Union between Great Britain and her American colonies, which was published in 1766. He died in Louisiana in 1788.