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deployed as skirmishers under Lieutenant-Colonel R. B. Hayes, afterward President of the United States, and the action began at 9 A. M. between Cox's division and Garland's brigade.
I will delay an account of the fight to give the strength of the forces engaged.
See also Table of Opposing Forces in the Maryland Campaign, p. 598.--Editors. The Ninth Corps (Reno's) consisted of four divisions under Cox, Willcox, Sturgis, and Rodman; or eight brigades — Scammon and Crook (Cox); Christ and Welsh (Willcox); Nagle and Ferrero (Sturgis); and Fair-child and Harland (Rodman). It had 29 regiments of infantry, 3 companies of cavalry, and 8 batteries of artillery, 3 of them United States batteries of regulars under Benjamin, Clark, and Muhlenberg.
According to General Cox, until the arrival of Willcox with his division, about 2 o'clock, Cox's division and a portion of Pleasonton's cavalry were the only Union troops on the field.
Sturgis arrived on the field about 3:30.--Editors
, Brig. Gen. Jacob D. Cox.
Staff loss: South Mountain, k, 1.
Escort: G, 1st Me. Cav., Capt. Zebulon B. Blethen.
first division, Brig.-Gen. Orlando B. Willcox.
First Brigade, Col. Benjamin C. Christ: 28th Mass., Capt. Andrew P. Caraher; 17th Mich., Col. William H. Withington; 79th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. David Morrison; 50th Pa., Maj. Edward Overton (w), Capt. William H. Diehl.
Brigade loss: South Mountain, k, 26; w, 136 == 162.
Antietam, k, 43; w, 198; m, 3 == 244. Second Brigade, Col. Thomas Welsh: 8th Mich. (transferred to First Brigade, Sept. 16th), Lieut.-Col. Frank Graves, Maj. Ralph Ely; 46th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Joseph Gerhardt; 45th Pa., Lieut.-Col. John I. Curtin; 100th Pa., Lieut.-Col. David A. Leckey.
Brigade loss: South Mountain, k, 37; w, 151 == 188.
Antietam, k, 3; w, 86; m, 4 == 93. Artillery: 8th Mass., Capt. Asa M. Cook; E, 2d U. S., Lieut. Samuel N. Benjamin.
Artillery loss: South Mountain, k, 1; w, 4 == 5.
Antietam, w, 1.
Second division, Brig.-Gen. Samuel