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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 26 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blanco, Ramon Y Arenas, 1833- (search)
province of Mindanao. His career in the Philippines was characterized by acts of extreme cruelty. For his service there he was appointed a marshal in 1895. Unable to quell the rebellion in the islands, he resigned his office, and, returning to Spain, was assigned to the command of the Army of the North. He there made a brilliant record against the Carlists, and carried by storm peña Plata. For this achievement he was created Marquis de Peña Plata. In October, 1897, he succeeded Gen. Valeriano Weyler (q. v.) as governor-general of Cuba. One of his earliest acts after assuming authority there was a reluctant acquiescence in the desire of the people of the United States, as expressed by their Congress, to provide the reconcentrados with food, clothing, and medical supplies. President McKinley appointed a Central Cuban Relief Committee to raise funds for purchasing the various articles needed, and these were forwarded to the island and distributed under the direction of Clara Bart
ly given up to the patriots. General Campos was again sent to put down the rebellion, but as he failed to do so, Gen. Valeriano Weyler, of Nicolau, was sent to supersede him in February, 1896. Weylers course was one of extreme cruelty, and arousedown, but the belief of the Cubans was that he was betrayed by his physician, who was afterwards loaded with honors by General Weyler and sent to Spain. Several Americans were imprisoned by the Spanish during January, 1897. Their release, or at leasSpanish government, and their general features were made public, but they did not meet with favor. In October, 1897, General Weyler was succeeded as governor-general by Marshal Blanco Y Arenas (q. v.), who immediately began a more humane regime, granted many pardons, and undertook relief measures for the thousands of Weyler's reconcentrados who were starving in the interior. So great did the distress become during that year that President McKinley appointed a central Cuban relief committee t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Garcia, Calixto 1836- (search)
1896, planned a filibustering expedition which was successful. Afterwards, while fitting out another expedition, he was arrested by the United States government. He forfeited his bail, and on March 15, 1896, met the Bermuda, a filibustering steamer, off Cape Henlopen, and reached Cuba with sixty-two Cubans, six field-guns, and a quantity of dynamite. He won several brilliant victories, among them that at Victoria de los Yunos, the loss of which was one of the reasons for the recall of General Weyler. After the occupation of Santiago by the Americans, Garcia withdrew from the Cuban army, because General Shafter would not turn over to him the command of Santiago; but he was subsequently reconciled to the new military conditions. In November of the same year (1898), he came to the United States as chairman of a commission to present the views of the Cuban leaders to President McKinley, but before accomplishing his purpose he suddenly died, Dec. 11. High official and military honors
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Reconcentrados. (search)
Reconcentrados. Cubans concentrated in places which were the headquarters of a division of the Spanish army by order of Captain-General Weyler, Feb. 16, 1896. This inhuman order, which was enforced to the utmost of his power, practically condemned these people to a living death by starvation and disease. Food and supplies were sent to them by direction of the United States government shortly before the declaration of war (1898).
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Weyler y Nicolau, Valeriano 1840- (search)
to himself during the Spanish War against the Moors in Africa. General Weyler was sent to Cuba in the early General Weyler. part of the TenGeneral Weyler. part of the Ten Years War and served under two captain-generals. He remained there more than two years and was sent back to Spain on account of complaints ants had come from Spain, and with the arrival of propitious weather Weyler took the field in person. He established headquarters on the line he death of Maceo by the troops under Major Cirujada's command, and Weyler returned to Havana. He announced with complacency that Pinar del Rbut Señor Canovas was not brought into sympathy with this feeling. Weyler, on Jan. 11, 1897, announced that three provinces were pacified, anatanzas, one of the pacified districts. Gomez succeeded in eluding Weyler in Matanzas, and only a few skirmishes ensued. These were reported as Spanish victories. Weyler next advanced into Santa Clara, where he was clearly outwitted by Gomez, but here again he had recourse to the