Jonas Hanway, who died in 1786, has the credit of contemning public opinion, and defying the coachmen and sedan-chair men, who deemed it their monopoly to protect from rain.
It was made, in those days, of oiled silk, upon a heavy frame.
The substitution of silk and gingham, and a light, elastic frame, have contributed to its popularity.
The account in the Female Tattler states to the young gentleman belonging to the custom-house who, for fear of rain, borrowed the umbrella at Will's coffee house, Cornhill, of the mistress, that to be dry from head to foot, on the like occasion, he shall be welcome to the maid's pattens.
Gay mentions the umbrella as early as 1712, in his poem of Travia, in which he says :—
The tucked — up seamstress walks with hasty strides, While streams run down her oiled umbrella's sides.
Mr J. Jamieson, a Scottish surgeon, brought with him from Paris, in 1781, an umbrella, which was the first seen in Glasgow, where he resided, and where it