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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 4 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sherman, William Tecumseh 1820-1829 (search)
undries at Rome, and dismantling the railway from the Etowah River to the Chattahoochee. The railways around Atlanta were destroyed, and on Nov. 14 the forces destined for the great march were concentrated around the doomed city. Those forces were composed of four army corps, the right wing commanded by Gen. O. O. Howard, and the left wing by Gen. H. W. Slocum. Howard's right was composed of the corps of Generals Osterhaus and Blair, and the left of the corps of Gen. J. C. Davis and A. S. Williams. General Kilpatrick commanded the cavalry, consisting of one division. Sherman's entire force numbered 60,000 infantry and artillery and 5,500 cavalry. On Nov. 11 Sherman cut the telegraph wires that connected Atlanta with Washington, and his army became an isolated column in the heart of an enemy's country. It began its march for the sea on the morning of the 14th, when the entire city of Atlanta—excepting its court-house, churches, and dwellings— was committed to the flames. The bu
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Williams, Alphieus Starkey 1810- (search)
Williams, Alphieus Starkey 1810- Military officer; born in Saybrook, Conn., Sept. 10, 1810; graduated at Yale College in 1831; practised law in Detroit; and was editor of the Detroit Advertiser for a while. He served in the war with Mexico; was postmaster of Detroit (1849-53), and, made brigadier-general of volunteers in May, 1861, he organized the Michigan volunteers until September. In March, 1862, he became commander of a division in General Banks's corps, and at the battle of Cedar Mountain one-third of his division was killed or wounded. He commanded a division in Slocum's corps at Antietam, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, and Gettysburg. In the Atlanta campaign he was conspicuous, and in November, 1864, succeeded Slocum in command of the 20th Corps, leading it in the celebrated march to the sea and through the Carolinas. From 1866 to 1869 he was minister to San Salvador, and from 1874 till his death, in Washington, D. C., Dec. 21, 1878, was a member of Congress.