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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 10 14 0 Browse Search
Brig.-Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 2.1, Maryland (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 0 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: September 4, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Brig.-Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 2.1, Maryland (ed. Clement Anselm Evans), Chapter 10: the Maryland Line. (search)
fety of the position essential to the transportation of Lee's army. Here then at last, after more than two years effort and struggle, was the Maryland Line organized. During the winter it was reinforced by Maryland commands and Marylanders, until there were assembled more than fifteen hundred Marylanders under the Maryland flag, the largest number that was ever collected in war: more than Lord Sterling commanded at Long Island, or under DeKalb fell and died in front of Camden, or under Otho Williams swept the field at Eutaw, or by Howard's order charged at Cowpens, or broke the Grenadier Guards at Guilford. It was composed of the élite of the State, young men charged with devotion to duty, honor, country, liberty, justice and right. Their gallantry in battle became an ideal of the army of Northern Virginia all through their service. The commands assembled were: First Maryland cavalry, Lieut.-Col. Ridgely Brown; Maj. Robert Couter Smith; Adjutants George W. Booth, Tom Eager Ho
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The Old South. (search)
hrough shot and shell to offer such assistance as international law permitted to the British Admiral suffering under the murderous fire of the Peiho forts in China. Blood is thicker than water was the grand sentiment of the grand sailor, as he hurried to the rescue of the sufferers of his own race and blood. These things don't pay; nevertheless, it would be a cold, miserable, selfish world without them. Maryland had no reason to suppose that her sons had degenerated from the days of Otho Williams, John Eager Howard, and William Smallwood, when the Mexican war brought out such men as Ringgold, the first organizer of horse artillery; Ridgely, his dashing successor; and Charley May, the hero of the cavalry charge upon the Mexican battery. Coming down to the Civil War, the President on the Union side was a Southern-born man, his successor was born in North Carolina, and the commanding General, who first organized his troops, was a Virginian. His great War Secretary, the Carnot of
arolina division with Caswell, the cenatre; and Stevens with the newly arrived Virginia militia, the left: the best troops on the side strongest by nature, the worst on the weakest. The first Maryland brigade, at the head of which Smallwood should have appeared, formed a second line about two hundred yards in the rear of the first. The artillery was divided between the two brigades. Gates took his place in the rear of the second line. Chap. XV.} 1780. Aug. 16. He gave no order till Otho Williams proposed to him to begin the attack with the brigade of Stevens, his worst troops, who had been with the army only one day. Stevens gave the word, and, as they prepared to move forward, Cornwallis ordered Webster, whose division contained his best troops, to assail them, while Rawdon was to engage the American right. As the British with Webster rushed on, firing and shouting huzza, Stevens reminded his militia that they had bayonets; but they had received them only the day before and kn
alfour after the action near Camden, on Lord Rawdon's proclamation, and on the ravages of Tarleton. Throughout his career he was true to the principles which he then announced. No one, except a deserter, ever died by his order. No American officer in his department ever imitated the cruelties systematically practised by the British. Sumpter spared all prisoners, though Chap. XXII.} 1780. Dec. the worst men were among them. Marion was famed for his mercy. Cruelty was never imputed to Williams, Pickens, or any other of the American chiefs. But the British officers continued to ridicule the idea of observing capitulations with citizens, insisting that those who claimed to be members of an independent state could derive no benefit from any solemn engagement, and were but vanquished traitors who owed their lives to British clemency. Ramsay's Carolina, II. 298. In the course of the winter Colonel William Cun- 1781. ningham, under orders from Colonel Balfour at Charleston, le
eventy miles distant from Guilford court-house, and where he knew that boats could be collected. The advice was adopted. To carry it out, Greene placed under Otho Williams the flower of his troops as a light corps, which on the morning of the tenth sallied 10. forth to watch and impede the advance of Cornwallis, to prevent his rformation, he Chap. XXIII.} 1781. Feb. 14. pursued the light troops at the rate of thirty miles a day, but he was too late. On the evening of the fourteenth, Otho Williams brought his party, which on that day had marched forty miles, to the ferries. The next morning, Cornwallis made his appearance there only to learn that the Amtheir march from the Catawba to Virginia, was judiciously designed and vigorously executed. Tarleton, 229. Special applause was awarded to Carrington and to Otho Williams. In the camp of Greene, every countenance was lighted up with joy. Soldiers in tattered garments, with but one blanket to four men, without shoes, without r
Pickens. The second line was formed of three hundred and fifty continentals of North Carolina, led by General Sumner; of an equal number of Virginians, commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell; and of two hundred and fifty Marylanders, under Otho Williams. Long and gallantly did the militia maintain the action, those with Marion and Pickens proving themselves equal to the best veterans. As they began to be overpowered by numbers, they were sustained by the North Carolina brigade under Sumner; and the Virginians under Campbell, and the Marylanders under Williams, charged with the bayonet. The British were routed. On a party that prepared to rally, Washington bore down with his cavalry and a small body of infantry, and drove them from the field. The victory was complete. Great numbers of the British had fallen, or were made prisoners. Many of the Americans who joined in the shouts of triumph were doomed to bleed. A brick house sheltered the British as they fled. Against the
Washington — Wm. King Heishell, John N. Hugh Jacob Lynch. Wayne — Joseph J. Mansfield, James Ferguson, Wm. T. Smith. Webster — James A. Baughman, Walter Cook, Ro.McCrary. Westmoreland — Hannibal Chandler, John F. Brockensronah, W. P. McKenney. Wetzel — Friend Cox, John Yarnall, J. Davis Young. Williamsburg — Robt. Saunders, Ro. H. Armis and W. R. C. Douglas. Wirt — Otho Williams, Robert Brown, William Shepherd. Wise — Wm. Richmond, J. H. Hogs, James W. Vermillion. Wheeling — A. J. Pannell, Aaron Kelly, Alice Hughes. Wood — D. R. Neal, B. R. Pennybacker, Ki Stephenson. Wyoming--Wm. Handley, James Shannon, James Bailey. Wythe — Gordon C. Kent, John Sanders, Ch Crockett. York — Henry S. B. Power, Wm. L. Henley, T Tinsley. The eight section of the seventh chapter of the Code, edition 1860, provides that, "The Commissioners appointed by the Governor in each county or corporation, shall appoint three Commissioners for each place t