hese words :
Washington, Department of Justice, Dec. 3, 1872.
You are to enforce the decrees of the United States Courts, no matter by whom resisted, and General Emory will furnish you with the necessary troops for that purpose.
George H. Williams, Attorney-General.
This message was a riddle.
Stephen B. Packard is a carpet-bagger, whom the President has sent to New Orleans as United States Marshal. General Emory is a Federal officer commanding the Department of the Gulf.
But whots had been resisted in New Orleans.
No opposition was expected by those Courts.
Judge Durell, the only Federal magistrate in Louisiana, had never made a complaint.
Why, then, was an inferior officer like Stephen B. Packard, urged by Attorney-General Williams, President Grant's legal adviser, to call out troops in order to execute the mandate of his court?
The President was supposed to have two objects in view at New Orleans; first, to secure the State vote for his second term as Preside
unable to move without Packard, Kellogg threw himself on his patron, President Grant, and wired this message to Attorney General Williams:--
New Orleans: Dec. 11, 1872.
If President in some way indicate recognition, Governor Pinchback and Lecognition --in some way indicate-colourably indicate — recognition of Governor Pinchback, then-all will be well.
George H. Williams is a man of large resources, never failing in audacity, but he was not prepared to ask the President to recognise a and legislature, had squatted in the chair of State.
But he was only scrupulous as to forms.
For Pinch as public man, Williams had no respect; for Pinch as party man, he had a duty to perform.
What could be done, without too gross an outrage on pr, he might be addressed as Acting Governor, and his functions, though not acknowledged, might be taken as understood.
Williams is adroit in vague and shadowy terms.
Next day this telegram, which fully established the reign of anarchy, was seat fr
of a free and sovereign people, request William P. Kellogg, as a stranger in their city, to retire.
Kellogg shut himself in his apartments, with his Negro guard, but sent out Billings and an officer of his staff to parley with his visitors.
You ask the Governor to retire!
said Billings, He refuses to hear a message from a body of armed men, accompanied by a menace.
The crowd in Canal Street were not armed, as Kellogg and Billings knew.
An hour later, Packard telegraphed to Attorney-general Williams:
The people assembled at the meeting were generally unarmed.
This talk about armed men was meant for Washington and New York, not for New Orleans.
Go home, gentlemen, said Marr.
Provide yourselves with rations and blankets, and assemble at two o'clock, when arms and leaders will be ready.
Packard, feeling uneasy about the mass meeting, had telegraphed to Jackson, in Mississippi, for troops, and early in the day a company had arrived in New Orleans.
These troops we
secretaries; but as Belknap is a Cabinet minister, all of us may mean the whole Executive.
In this sense it is read by General Sheridan's staff.
If they are right this telegram is the most serious document issued since the war. If Hamilton Fish and Benjamin H. Bristow have endorsed the military action in this city, we may look for storms.
At noon a second telegram comes, in explanation of the first, which seems to prove that Fish and Bristow are as much committed to Caesarism as either Williams or Belknap ; yet Sheridan, after reading and re-reading the document, feels uncertain of the sense, and puzzled as to what he is empowered to do. The message runs:
War Department: Jan. 6, 1875.
You seem to fear that we have been misled by biassed or partial statements of your acts.
Be assured that the President and Cabinet confide in your wisdom, and rest in the belief that all acts of yours have been and will be judicious.
This I intended to say in my brief telegram.
How is Sh