gland, where lie took a special course in engineering and ordnance; and afterwards made tours throughout Great Britain and on the Continent to study the workings of the great European docks, dock-yards, arsenals, and steel and armor plants.
In 1884 he was appointed assistant naval constructor, and in the following year was assigned to Roach's ship-yard in Chester, Pa., where the Chicago, Boston, Atlanta, and Dolphin were in course of construction.
Later he served on the staffs of Chief Constructors Wilson and Hichborn, and also as superintending constructor at Cramp's shipyard, Philadelphia.
In 1890 he drew the plans for the battle-ships of the Oregon and Indiana class.
In 1891 he resigned from the navy to become superintending constructor for the Cramp ship-building company, and in 1894 he resigned this post and leased the Crescent Ship-yard, at Elizabeth, N. J., where he has since constructed many naval and other vessels, among them the Holland torpedo-boat, and the Annapolis, t