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of the Wilderness? General BUFORD Major-General John Buford. By Major-General James H. Wilson, U. S. V., Brevet Major-General, U. S. A. Oration delivered at Getted lieutenant-general on February 28th. He met defeat at the hands of General James H. Wilson at Selma, Ala., in March, 1865, and surrendered to General Canby at Gaered my men to come forward and take possession of the arms. Major-General James Harrison Wilson and staff This brilliant cavalryman's demonstration of 1865 ahe center of the State, was one of the greatest cavalry raids in the West. General Wilson was born in 1837, near Shawneetown, Illinois, and graduated at West Point iashville, and in March, 1865, made his famous Selma raid. In twenty-eight days Wilson had captured 288 guns and 6280 prisoners, including Jefferson Davis. Five larg these services, he was made major-general of volunteers on April 20, 1865. General Wilson later served with distinction in the Spanish American War, and was also in
ces for recuperating broken-down horses in the field, led to the establishment, in the year 1863, of the Cavalry Bureau, with General George Stoneman as its first chief, followed soon after by General Kenner Garrard. But it was under General James Harrison Wilson that the Cavalry Bureau reached its greatest efficiency. This war bureau was charged with the organization and In barracks a comfortable spot for the cavalry trooper These cavalrymen of 1864 look comfortable enough in their bfrom Winchester to Petersburg, February 27th to March 27, 1865, each trooper carried on his horse, in addition to his regular equipment, five days rations in haversacks, seventy-five rounds of ammunition, and thirty pounds of forage. On General James H. Wilson's Selma expedition, each trooper carried, besides his ordinary kit, five days rations, twenty-four pounds of grain, one hundred rounds of ammunition, and two extra horseshoes. A remarkable case, illustrating the conditions surrounding
of West Mississippi, directed the Mobile campaign of March-April, 1865, which resulted in the occupation by the Federals of Mobile and Montgomery. A raid by James H. Wilson (second from right) had prepared the way for this result. In May, 1865, Canby received the surrender of the Confederate forces under Generals R. Taylor and Ee war. The cavalry leaders in the upper picture are, from left to right: Generals Wesley Merritt, David McM. Gregg, Philip Henry Sheridan, Henry E. Davies, James Harrison Wilson, and Alfred T. A. Torbert. Wilson was given the cavalry corps of the military district of the Mississippi in 1865, and Torbert commanded the cavalry corpsWilson was given the cavalry corps of the military district of the Mississippi in 1865, and Torbert commanded the cavalry corps of the Army of the Shenandoah under Sheridan. These six great leaders are among the men who handled the Federal cavalry in its last days, welding it into the splendid, efficient, aggressive, fighting force that finally overwhelmed the depleted ranks of their Confederate opponents, Forrest and Wheeler in the West and Rosser, Loma
1862. Third Corps—Army of the Ohio This corps was commanded by Major-General C. C. Gilbert. It took part in the Kentucky campaign, but was only slightly engaged in Perryville. Its three divisions were commanded by Brigadier-Generals Schoepff, Mitchell, and Sheridan and Colonel Kennett. It was merged in the Fourteenth Corps, October 24, 1862. Cavalry Corps—Military division of the Mississippi The First Cavalry Corps in the West was organized in October, 1864, with Brevet Major-General J. H. Wilson at its head. There were seven divisions, of which four took part in the battle of Nashville, December 15th and 16th. Wilson entered Alabama in March, 1865, and the corps fought its last engagement with Forrest at Columbus, Georgia, on April 16th. One division of this corps, under Brigadier-General Judson Kilpatrick, consisting of four brigades, accompanied Sherman's army through Georgia and the Carolinas, and was present at Bentonville and Johnston's surrender. Federal
tary of War in November. In February, 1863, he resigned from the service, and on June 1, 1864, took command of the Georgia Militia. He was captured by Major-General J. H. Wilson at Marion in April, 1865. He died in New York, June 24, 1896. Lieutenant-General, Richard Stoddert Ewell (U. S.M. A. 1840) was born in Georgetownistrict of Mississippi and East Louisiana, and on February 28th was made lieutenant-general. He was defeated at Selma, Alabama, by the Federal cavalry-leader, J. H. Wilson, and surrendered his forces with those of Lieutenant-General Richard Taylor in May. After the war he conducted several large plantations. He died in Memphis,evilian Station on June 12, 1864, commanding General Hampton's division, where he was engaged with the cavalry of General Sheridan, and later broke through General J. H. Wilson's lines. General Butler was sent to resist the onward march of Sherman through North Carolina, and he participated in the battle of Bentonville. He had p
J. G., April 21, 1864. Tower, Z. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Townsend, E. D., Mar. 13, 1865. Turner, J. W., Mar. 13, 1865. Tyler, Robt. O., Mar. 13, 1865. Upton, Emory, Mar. 13, 1865 Van Vliet, S., Mar. 13, 1865. Vinton, D. H., Mar. 13, 1865. Warren, G. K., Mar. 13, 1865. Webb, Alex. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Weitzel, G., Mar. 13, 1865. Wheaton, Frank, Mar. 13, 1865. Whipple, A. W., May 7, 1863. Whipple, Wm. D., Mar. 13, 1865. Willcox, O. B., Mar. 2, 1867. Williams, Seth, Mar. 13, 1865. Wilson, James H., Mar. 13, 1865. Wood, Thos. J., Mar. 13, 1865. Woodbury, D. P., Aug. 15, 1864. Woods, Chas. R., Mar. 13, 1865. Wright, H. G., Mar. 13, 1865. Major-generals, U. S. Volunteers (full rank) Banks, N. P., May 16, 1861. Barlow, F. C., May 25, 1865. Berry, H. G., Nov. 29, 1862. Birney, David D., May 3, 1863. Blair, Frank P., Nov. 29, 1862. Blunt, James G., Nov. 29, 1862. Brooks, W. T. H., June 10, 1863. Buell, Don Carlos, Mar. 21, 1862. Buford, John, July 1, 1863. Buford, N.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dana, Charles Anderson, 1819- (search)
rticularly with the numerous foreign revolutions. Soon after his return to New York he became managing editor of the Tribune, and held the place till 1862, when he was appointed assistant Secretary of War. In 1866 he organized the stock company which bought the old New York Sun, of which he became editor-in-chief, continuing so till his death. In addition to his work as a journalist, in conjunction with the late George Ripley, he planned and edited the New American Cyclopaedia Charles Anderson Dana. (16 vols., 1857-63), which they thoroughly revised and reissued under the title of the American Cyclopaedia (1873-76). In 1883, in association with Rossiter Johnson, he edited Fifty perfect poems, and subsequently, in association with Gen. James H. Wilson, he wrote the Life of Ulysses S. Grant. In 1897 his Reminiscences of the Civil War and Eastern journeys were published posthumously; he was also the compiler of Household book of poetry. He died on Long Island, N. Y., Oct. 17, 1897.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Mobile, Ala. (search)
t Taylor. For several months after the harbor of Mobile was sealed there was comparative quiet in that region; but when Sherman had finished his triumphal march from Atlanta to the sea the government determined to repossess Alabama, beginning with a movement against Mobile, and by other operations in the interior. Gen. Edward R. S. Canby (q. v.), commanding the West Mississippi Army, was charged with the conduct of the expedition against Mobile, and the co-operating force was that of Gen. J. H. Wilson, the eminent cavalry leader, under the direction of General Thomas. Early in 1865 Gen. A. J. Smith's corps joined Canby at New Orleans, Feb. 21. That corps went to Dauphin Island, at the entrance to Mobile Bay, where a siege-train was organized, consisting of ten batteries. Knipe's cavalry, attached to the corps, marched overland from New Orleans. Everything was in readiness for an attack on Mobile by the middle of March, with from 25,000 to 30,000 troops, including cavalry; and t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wilson, James Harrison (search)
Wilson, James Harrison Military engineer; born near Shawneetown, Ill., Sept. 2, 1837; graduated at West Point in 1860; entered the topographical engineer corps, and became first lieutenant in SepRiver. At the close of Thomas's active campaign in middle Tennessee, the cavalry of James Harrison Wilson. the district, numbering about 20,000 men and horses, were encamped in Lauderdale countyate with the army in the capture of Mobile; also for the capture of Selma and other places. General Wilson was in command of this cavalry. He left Chickasaw Landing, on the Tennessee River, March 22, with his cavalry, was then on the Mobile and Ohio Railway, west of Columbus. But so rapid was Wilson's march that the guerilla chief could not reach him until he was far on his way towards Selma, on the Alabama River. Forrest pursued, but the movements of Wilson's troops were erratic, striking a Confederate force here and there, destroying property, and spreading great alarm. At Montevallo
John Harrison Wilson, The life of Charles Henry Dana, Preface (search)
l heroes of that unequalled conflict. By his pen no less than by his official action, he exerted a tremendous influence upon both the men and the measures of his day. As field correspondent, and office assistant to Stanton, the great War Secretary, he was potent in deciding the fate of leading generals as well as in shaping the military policies of the Administration. With the possible exception of John A. Rawlins, Assistant Adjutant-General and Chief of Staff to General Grant, Dana exerted a greater influence over Grant's military career than any other man. It is perhaps well to add that while his family and his associates have put me in possession of many letters, documents, and clippings bearing on his public and private life, and have given me every possible assistance in the preparation of this work, I am solely responsible for its character and for the opinions which the reader will find expressed in the following pages. James Harrison Wilson Wilmington, Delaware, 1907
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