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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 9 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cathcart, William Schaw, Earl 1755-1843 (search)
Cathcart, William Schaw, Earl 1755-1843 Military officer; born in Petersham, England, Sept. 17, 1755; joined the British army in June, 1777, and came to the United States; later was aide to Gen. Spencer Wilson and General Clinton, and participated in the siege of Forts Montgomery and Clinton, and in the battles of Brandywine and Monmouth. In May, 1778, during the reception given in honor of Lord Howe, in Philadelphia, he led one section of the knights at the celebrated Mischianza (q. v.). Later he recruited and commanded the Caledonian Volunteers, which subsequently was called Tarleton's Legion. He returned to England in 1780, and was promoted lieutenant-general in 1801. He died in Cartside, Scotland, June 16, 1843.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Civil War in the United States. (search)
ncendiaries; little harm done. Fort Lafayette. Fort Lafayette was built in the narrow strait between long Island and Staten Island, known as the Narrows, at the entrance to the harbor of New York. During the Civil War it was used as a prison for persons disaffected towards the national government. On Dec. 1, 1868, the Fort was partially destroyed by fire, and the place has since been used for the storage of ordnance supplies. Battle of Big Mulberry Creek, Ala.; Confederates defeated by Wilson.—2. The Confederates at Richmond blow up their forts and rams preparatory to evacuating the city.—3. Rejoicing throughout the loyal States because of the evacuation of Richmond by the Confederate troops and flight of the Confederate government. National troops enter Petersburg at 3 A. M. —4. President Lincoln sent a despatch dated Jefferson Davis's late residence in Richmond, and held a reception in that mansion.—8. The last of the state-prisoners in Fort Lafayette discharged. First r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clemens, Samuel Langhorne 1835- (search)
(penname, mark Twain), author; born in Florida, Mo., Nov. 20, 1835; educated at Hannibal, Mo.; learned the printer's trade; served as a Mississippi River pilot; and became territorial secretary of Nevada. He spent several years in mining and newspaper work. In 1884 he established the publishing house of C. L. Webster & Co., in New York. The failure of this firm, after it had published General Grant's Personal memoirs, and paid over $250,000 to his widow, involved Mr. Clemens in heavy losses; but by 1900 he had paid off all obligations by the proceeds of his books and lectures. He has travelled extensively in Europe, Australia, Samuel Langhorne Clemens. and other places. His books include The jumping frog; The innocents abroad; Roughing it; Adventures of Tom Sawyer; The adventures of Huckleberry Finn; The Prince and the pauper; A tramp abroad; Life on the Mississippi; A Yankee at King Arthur's Court; Tom Sawyer abroad; Pudd'nhead Wilson; Joan, of arc; More tramps abroad, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cold Harbor, battle of (search)
-pits. General Grant had ordered a redisposition of his army, making Hancock form the right, to the right of Wright's corps. Burnside was withdrawn entirely from the front and placed on the right and rear of Warren, who connected with Smith. Having made these dispositions on the 2d, it was determined to force the passage of the Chickahominy the next morning, and compel Lee to seek safety in the fortifications around Richmond. The Nationals moved at four o'clock on the morning of the 3d. Wilson's cavalry was on the right flank, and Sheridan's held the lower crossings of the river, and covered the roads to the White House. Orders had been given for a general assault along the whole line. At half-past 4, or a little later, the signal for the advance was given, and then opened one of the most sanguinary battles of the war. It was begun on the right by the divisions of Barlow and Gibbon, of Hancock's corps, supported by Birney's. Barlow drove the Confederates from a strong position
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, National (search)
the Navy asked Congress to sanction his acts, and recommended the appointment of an assistant secretary in his department. Congress acted promptly on the suggestions of the President. It was found at the outset that there were a few members of Congress who were in thorough sympathy with the Secessionists; but while these prolonged the debates, the majority of loyal men was so overwhelming that the disloyal ones could not defeat the will of the people. On the first day of the session Senator Wilson, of Massachusetts, chairman of the military committee of the Upper House, gave notice that he should, the next day, submit six bills having for their object the suppression of the rebellion. These were all adopted afterwards. They were: 1. To ratify and confirm certain acts of the President for the suppression of insurrection and rebellion; 2. To authorize the employment of volunteers to aid in enforcing the laws and protecting public property; 3. To increase the present military es