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Medford Historical Society Papers, Volume 23.,
Medford turnpike
Corporation. (search)
h canal. through the turnpike into Mystic river which has been petitioned for by Benjamin Hall and others. June 27, 1805, voted, that in future the affairs of the corporation shall be conducted by five proprietors who shall be annually chosen directors, and who shall choose a president out of their own body. About halfway between the Medford and Charlestown line and the toll house there was a private way leading from the farm of E. H. Derby The Temple estate or Ten-hill farm of Governor Winthrop. to Broadway, now known as Temple street in Somerville. Certain persons desirous of avoiding the climb over Winter Hill and also desirous of avoiding the payment of toll, were in the habit of using the Medford end of the turnpike and passing through the private way to Broadway, and on their return passing over the same route. The proprietors of the road petitioned the General Court for additional legislation to put a stop to this practice. An act was passed March 8, 1808, providing
ion, always read with interest in our school days. In far antiquity, beneath a darksome shadow of venerable boughs, a spring bubbled out of the leaf-strewn earth, in the very spot where you now behold me on the sunny pavement. The water was as bright and clear, and deemed as precious, as liquid diamonds. The Indian Sagamores drank of it from time immemorial, till the fearful deluge of fire-water burst upon the red men, and swept their whole race away from the cold fountains. . . . Governor Winthrop on his journey afoot from Boston drank here from the hollow of his hand. And we may claim a similar genesis for the Medford town pump, in an ancient spring whose existence may have been the deciding factor in the location of the original ferme-house built by Matthew Cradock's servants near the old Indian trail, through what is Medford Square today to the river's fording place. And it is just as certain that the governor refreshed himself with its cool water after crossing the Mist
cost one hundred and forty-five pounds, and quotes the owner (Governor Winthrop) as saying, five years later, I will sell her for one hundred timbers farther down beside the river. So Mr. Brooks transfers Winthrop's ship-building from Charlestown to Medford, by saying, the record (present Somerville), and not in Medford at all. Neither had Governor Winthrop any possessions whatever in the Medford of that day, and whil February 16, 1628-9, which was (the twelfth month of 1628) before Winthrop's election as his successor and before Winthrop's departure for NeWinthrop's departure for New England. We have no account of any ship-building at Salem, none at Dorchester or Nantasket at that early time, and ask, where then but at Ma government. Therefore the tradition of a governor's bark, not Winthrop's but Cradock's, on the north side of the river, and therefore in bly never know. Its tonnage may have equalled or exceeded that of Winthrop's fancifully named one of thirty tons, and compared favorably with