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George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 16 2 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 3, 15th edition. 9 1 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 6 6 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 1 1 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Newport's News. Nomen non Locus. (search)
of his hobnobbing in that year with Sir William Neuse in the Colony, and of his then naming the eastern promontory at the mouth of James river Newport-Newce, in commemoration of Sir William and himself. Mr. Grigsby was most evidently misled by the historian, Beverly, whose History of Virginia appeared in 1705. Mr. Grigsby says, that of all writers on the history of Virginia, Beverly alone alludes to the origin of the name. He quotes Beverly as saying: It was in October, 1621, that Sir Francis Wyatt arrived Governor, and in November Captain Newport arrived with fifty men imported at his own charge, besides passengers, and made a plantation on Newport's News, naming it after himself. Mr. Grigsby then dwells on the important fact that Newport named the place after himself, meaning, of course, that he (Newport) named it in November, 1621. But Mr. Grigsby's authority, (Beverly,) while against his theory so far as the word Newce is concerned, (for Beverly writes it News, and puts N
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
respectable young women to supply the colonists with wives......1621 [They were sold for 120 lbs. of tobacco each, or the cost of bringing them over.] Sir Francis Wyatt chosen governor, and with nine ships, with emigrants and supplies, reaches Virginia......October, 1621 Cotton-seed planted as an experiment for the first y, King James appoints commissioners to investigate it, who advise a dissolution......May, 1623 Charter annulled by the King's Bench......June 16, 1624 Sir Francis Wyatt succeeded by Sir George Yeardley as governor......May, 1626 Governor Yeardley dies......Nov. 14, 1627 Council elects Francis West, a younger brother ofe commission......1635 John West acting governor during the absence of Governor Harvey......1635-36 Harvey, reinstated by Charles, returns......1637 Sir Francis Wyatt succeeds Harvey as governor......November, 1639 Sir William Berkeley appointed governor, and arrives in Virginia......February, 1642 Massachusetts send
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colony of Virginia, (search)
ro slaves of a Dutch trader, and so slavery was introduced (see slavery). On July 24, 1621, the London Company granted the colonists a written constitution for their government, which provided for the appointment of a governor and council by the company, and a representative assembly, to consist of two burgesses or representatives from each borough, to be chosen by the people and clothed with full legislative power in connection with the council. This body formed the General Assembly. Sir Francis Wyatt was appointed governor, and brought the constitution with him. The first laws of the commonwealth were thirty-five in number, concisely expressed, repealed all former laws, and clearly showed the condition of the colony. The first acts related to the Church. They provided that in every plantation there should be a room or house for the worship of God, sequestered and set apart for that purpose, and not to be for any temporal use whatsoever ; also a place of burial sequestered and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
608 to 1610 George Percy1610 to 1611 Governors. Lord Delaware1611 Sir Thomas Dale1611 Sir Thomas Gates1611 to 1614 Sir Thomas Dale1614 to 1616 George Yeardley1616 to 1617 Samuel Argall1617 to 1619 Sir George Yeardley1619 to 1621 Sir Francis Wyatt1621 to 1626 Sir George Yeardley1626 to 1627 Francis West1627 to 1629 John Potts1629 John Harvey1629 to 1635 John West1635 to 1636 John Harvey1636 to 1639 Sir Francis Wyatt1639 to 1641 Sir William Berkeley1641 to 1652 Richard BennetSir Francis Wyatt1639 to 1641 Sir William Berkeley1641 to 1652 Richard Bennett1652 to 1655 Edward Digges1655 to 1656 Samuel Matthews1656 to 1660 Sir William Berkeley1660 to 1661 Col. Francis Moryson1661 to 1668 Sir William Berkeley1663 to 1677 Sir Herbert Jeffreys1677 to 1678 Sir Henry Chicheley1678 to 1680 Lord Culpeper1680 to 1684 Lord Howard of Effingham1684 to 1688 Nathaniel Bacon1688 to 1690 Francis Nicholson1690 to 1692 Sir Edmund Andros1692 to 1698 Francis Nicholson1698 to 1705 Edward Nott1705 to 1706 Edmund Jennings1706 to 1710 Alexander Spotswoo
ing reserved to the governor; but no law or ordinance would be valid, unless ratified by the company in England. It was further agreed, that, after the government of the colony shall have once been framed, no orders of the court in London shall bind the colony, unless they be in like manner ratified Chap. IV.} 1621. by the general assembly. The courts of justice were required to conform to the laws and manner of trial used in the realm of England. Such was the constitution which Sir Francis Wyatt, the successor of the mild but inefficient Yeardley, was commissioned to bear to the colony. The system of representative government and trial by jury thus became in the new hemisphere an acknowledged right. Henceforward the supreme power was held to reside in the hands of the colonial parliament, and of the king, as king of Virginia. On this ordinance Virginia erected the superstructure of her liberties. Its influences were wide and enduring, and can be traced through all her hist
discouraged its increase by a special tax upon female slaves. Hening, II. 84, Act LIV. March, 1662. The statute implies, that the rule already existed. If Wyatt, on his arrival in Virginia, found the evil 1621 of negro slavery engrafted on the social system, he brought with him the memorable ordinance, on which the fabricdelight in the lock and key, that he would lock and unlock the door a hundred times a day, and thought the device incomparable. Smith, II. 68. Stith, 211. When Wyatt arrived, the natives expressed a fear lest his intentions should be hostile: he assured them of his wish to preserve inviolable peace; and the emigrants had no useg Virginia. The fate of the London company found little sympathy; in the domestic government and franchises of the colony, it produced no immediate change. Sir Francis Wyatt, though he had been an ardent friend of the London company, was confirmed in office; and he and his Aug 26. council, far from being rendered absolute, were
onial assemblies. For some months, the organization of the government was not changed; and when Wyatt retired, Sir George 1626. Yeardley was appointed his successor. This appointment was in itself power of the governor and council was limited, as it had before been done in the commission of Wyatt, Chap. VI.} by a reference to the usages of the last five years. In that period, representativeable oppression. Hening, l. 231. At length he was superseded, and Sir Francis 1639. Nov. Wyatt Rymer, XX. 484. Hazard, i. 477. Savage on Winthrop, II. 160, 161. Hening, i. 224, and 4. ut Keith, and Beverly, and Chalmers, and Burk, and Marshall, were ignorant of such a governor as Wyatt, in 1639, and represent Berkeley as the immediate successor of Harvey. appointed in his stead. rians, who make an opposite statement, are wholly ignorant of the intermediate administration of Wyatt; a government so suited to the tastes and habits of the planters, that it passed silently away,
ure of the lands in, 150. Tobacco its staple, 151. Argall its deputy-governor, 151. Yeardley, 152. Its first assembly, 153. Acquires civil freedom, 156. Sir Francis Wyatt, 157. Servants in, 175 Slaves, 176. Wyatt's administration, 178. Silk cultivated, 178. Vines and cotton, 179. The aborigines, 180. Massacre, 181. IndiWyatt's administration, 178. Silk cultivated, 178. Vines and cotton, 179. The aborigines, 180. Massacre, 181. Indian war, 183. Commissioners arrive, 189. Spirit of liberty, 190. Yeardley its governor, 195. Harvey, 197. Puritans invited to, 198. Impeaches Harvey, 201. Has Wyatt for governor, 202. Berkeley, 203. Intolerance in, 206. Second Indian massacre and war, 207. Parliament asserts its supremacy, 211 Yields, 223. During the protWyatt for governor, 202. Berkeley, 203. Intolerance in, 206. Second Indian massacre and war, 207. Parliament asserts its supremacy, 211 Yields, 223. During the protectorate, 227. Religious liberty, 230. Climate, 233. Exploring parties, II. 133. Colonizes North Carolina, 135. Its people, 188. Aristocracy in, 190. Slaves, 192. Parties at the restoration, 195. Royalist assembly, 196. Navigation act oppressive, 198. A state religion established, 200. Its judiciary irresponsible, 204.
Wesley, John and Charles, III. 428. West, Francis, I. 196. Weymouth explores the coast, I. 114. Whalley, Edward, II. 34. Wheelwright, John, I. 388. Removes to Piscataqua, 392. Whitaker, the apostle of Virginia, I. 144. Whitefield, George, III. 429. Apologist of slavery, 448. Wickliffe, a benefactor to America, II. 458. Wilford, Thomas, II. 230. Williams, Eunice, III. 213. Williams, Roger, I. 367. His exile, 377. Plants Providence, 379. His character, 380. William and Mary College founded, III. 25. William of Orange, III. 2. His policy triumphant, 227. False to the liberty of the seas, 230. Willoughby's voyage, I. 70. Wilson climbs a tree to preach, I. 389. Wingfield engages in colonization, I. 118, 127. Winnebagoes, III. 243. Wisconsin, Jesuits in, III. 155. Witchcraft in Massachusetts, III. 72. In Salem, 84. Executions for, 88, 93 Loses its terror, 97. Wyandots. See Huron-Iroquois. Wyatt's administration, I. 178.
Y. Yamassees, a Creek nation, III. 21. War with, 327. In Georgia, 422. Yeardley, I. 152. Succeeds Wyatt 195.