Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for 1795 AD or search for 1795 AD in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dennie, Joseph, 1768- (search)
Dennie, Joseph, 1768- Journalist; born in Boston, Aug. 30, 1768; graduated at Harvard in 1790; became a lawyer; but abandoned his profession for the pursuit of literature. He contributed articles to various newspapers, while yet practising law, over the signature of Farrago. In 1795 he became connected with a Boston weekly newspaper called The tablet. It survived only three months, when Dennie became the editor of the Farmer's weekly Museum, at Walpole, N. H., which acquired an extensive circulation. To it he contributed a series of attractive essays under the title of The lay preacher. These gave their author a high reputation and were extensively copied into the newspapers of the country. He went to Philadelphia in 1799, where he was confidential secretary to Timothy Pickering, then Secretary of State. In that place he remained for a few months, and after editing for a short time the United States gazette, he commenced, in conjunction with Asbury Dickens, the Portfolio, a
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Despard, John, 1745-1829 (search)
Despard, John, 1745-1829 Military officer; born in 1745; joined the British army in 1760; came to America in 1773; was present at the capture of Fort Montgomery and of Charleston; and was with Cornwallis in the campaign which culminated in the surrender at Yorktown. He was promoted colonel in 1795, and major-general in 1798. He died in Oswestry, England, Sept. 3, 1829.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Dwight, Timothy 1752-1817 (search)
when he resigned the office. President Dwight was one of the American committee on Revision of the Bible from 1878 till 1885. Educator; born in Northampton, Mass., May 14, 1752; graduated at Yale College in 1769, and was a tutor there from 1771 to 1777, when he became an army chaplain, and served until October, 1778. During that time he wrote many popular patriotic songs. He labored on a farm for a few years, preaching occasionally, and in 1781 and 1786 was a member of the Connecticut legislature. In 1783 he was a settled minister at Greenfield and principal of an academy there; and from 1795 until his death was president of Yale College. In 1796 he began travelling in the New England States and in New York during his college vacations, and in 1821 he published his Travels in New England and New York, in 4 volumes. Dr. Dwight wrote some excellent poetry, revised Watt's version of the Psalms, and published many occasional sermons. He died in New Haven, Conn., Jan. 11, 1817.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ellsworth, Oliver, 1745-1807 (search)
Ellsworth, Oliver, 1745-1807 Ll.D., jurist; born in Windsor, Conn., April 29, 1745; Oliver Ellsworth. graduated at the College of New Jersey in 1766; was admitted to the bar in 1771; practised in Hartford, Conn.; and was made State attorney. When the Revolutionary War was kindling he took the side of the patriots in the legislature of Connecticut, and was a delegate in Congress from 1777 to 1780. He became a member of the State council, and in 1784 was appointed a judge of the Supreme Court. Judge Ellsworth was one of the framers of the national Constitution, but, being called away before the adjournment of the convention, his name was not attached to that instrument. He was the first United States Senator from Connecticut (1789-95), and drew up the bill for organizing the Judiciary Department. In 1796 he was made chief-justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, and at the close of 1799 he was one of the envoys to France. He died in Windsor, Nov. 26, 1807.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fouchet, Jean Antoine Joseph, Baron 1763- (search)
Fouchet, Jean Antoine Joseph, Baron 1763- Diplomatist; born in St. Quentin, France, in 1763; was a law student at Paris when the Revolution broke out, and published a pamphlet in defence of its principles. Soon afterwards he was appointed a member of the executive council of the revolutionary government, and was French ambassador to the United States in 1794-95. Here his behavior was less offensive than that of Citizen Genet, but it was not satisfactory, and he was succeeded by Adet, a more prudent man. After he left the United States, the French Directory appointed him a commissioner to Santo Domingo, which he declined. Under Bonaparte he was prefect of Var, and in 1805 he was the same of Ain. Afterwards he was created a baron and made commander of the Legion of Honor. He remained in Italy until the French evacuated it in 1814. On Napoleon's return from Elba Fouchet was made prefect of the Gironde. The date of his death is not known.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fulton, Robert 1765-1815 (search)
s practising that profession in Philadelphia, by which he made Fulton's Clermont enough money to buy a small farm in Washington county, on which he placed his mother. Then he went to England; studied painting under Benjamin West; became a civil engineer; and made himself familiar with the steam engine, then just improved by Watt. He devised various machines, among them an excavator for scooping out the channels of aqueducts. He wrote and published essays on canals and canal navigation in 1795-96. He went to Paris in 1797, and remained there seven years with Joel Barlow, studying languages and sciences, and invented a torpedo. This he offered to the French and English governments, but both rejected the invention, and in December, 1806, he arrived in New York. He went to Washington, where the models and drawings of his torpedo made a favorable impression. In 1807 he perfected his steamboat for navigating the Hudson, having been aided by Robert R. Livingston, with whom he had bee
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Fur-trade. (search)
, and thence to Europe; or up the Illinois River, across a portage to Lake Michigan, and by way of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence to Montreal and Quebec. Early in the nineteenth century, furtrading posts had been established on the Columbia River and other waters that empty into the Pacific Ocean. In 1784 John Jacob Astor (q. v.), an enterprising young German merchant of New York, embarked in the fur-trade. He purchased furs in Montreal and sold them in England; after the treaty of 1795 he shipped them to different European ports. In this trade, chiefly, he amassed a fortune of $250,000, when he embarked in a scheme for making a great fur depot on the Pacific coast. He was then competing with the great fur companies of the Northwest, under a charter in the name of the American Fur Company, for which he furnished the entire capital. Mr. Astor made an earnest effort to carry on the business between the Pacific coast of America and China, founding the town of Astoria at the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Gallatin, Albert 1761- (search)
the Monongahela, in Fayette county, Pa., which he had purchased, and became naturalized. Having served in the Pennsylvania State convention and in the legislature (1789 and 1790-92), he was chosen United States Senator in 1793, but was declared ineligible on the ground that he had not been a citizen of the United States the required nine years. He was instrumental in bringing about a peaceful termination of the Whiskey insurrection, and was elected a member of the House of Representatives in 1795. An active member of the Republican, or Democratic, party, he even went so far, in a speech in Congress (1796), as to charge Washington and Jay with having pusillanimously surrendered the honor of their country. This, from the lips of a young foreigner, exasperated the Federalists. He was a leader of the Democrats in the House, and directed his attention particularly to financial matters. Mr. Gallatin remained in Congress until 1801, when President Jefferson appointed him Secretary of t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Giddings, Joshua Reed 1795-1864 (search)
Giddings, Joshua Reed 1795-1864 Statesman; born in Athens, Pa., Oct. 6, 1795. His parents removed to Ohio, and in 1812 he enlisted in a regiment under Colonel Hayes, which was sent on an expedition against the Sandusky Indians. In 1826 he was elected to the Ohio legislature; in 1838 to the United States Congress. While still a young man Giddings was known to be an active abolitionist. In 1841 the Creole sailed from Virginia to Louisiana with a cargo of slaves who, on the voyage, secured possession of the vessel and put into Nassau, Bahama Islands. In accordance with British law these negroes were declared free men. The United States set up a claim against the British government for indemnity. Giddings offered a resolution in the House to the effect that slavery was an abridgment of a natural right, and had no effect outside of the territory or jurisdiction that created it; and that the negroes on the Creole had simply asserted their natural rights. Under the leadership of J
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Graves (Lord), Thomas 1725- (search)
Graves (Lord), Thomas 1725- Was born in 1725; died Jan. 31, 1802. Having served under Anson, Hawke, and others, he was placed in command of the Antelope, on the North American station, in 1761, and made governor of Newfoundland. In 1779 he became rear-admiral of the blue, and the next year came to America with reinforcements for Admiral Arbuthnot. On the return of the latter to England in 1781, Graves became chief naval commander on the American station. He was defeated (Sept. 5) by De Grasse. In 1795 he was second in command under Lord Howe, and was raised to an Irish peerage and admiral of the white on June 1, the same year.
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