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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 17: Pope's campaign in Virginia. (search)
oward Thoroughfare Gap, from which was coming their help, and toward evening a strong force under Ewell and Taliaferro encamped on the wooded hills at the west side of the Warrenton pike, near the battle-ground of Bull's Run the year before. July 21, 1861. King's division of McDowell's corps was in close pursuit, and when they had reached a point desired by the watching Confederates, the latter fell furiously upon their flank. A sanguinary battle ensued. The brunt of it, on the part of the Nt it after the battle. Pope's cannon were brought to bear upon it to drive out Confederate sharp-shooters. Ascending a Hill through open fields, we soon reached the monument, from which we had a view of the country over which the battles of July 21, 1861, and the close of August, 1862, were fought. On the monument (which was built by the same hands, and of the same material as that near the site of the Henry House, see page 607, volume I.) was this inscription: in memory of the patriots who
y limited in number and very defective in character. There was nothing to prevent the enemy's shelling the city from heights within easy range, and very little to prevent their occupying those heights had they been so disposed. The streets of Washington were crowded with straggling officers and disorderly men, absent from their stations without authority, whose behavior indicated a general want of discipline, aggravated by the demoralizing influences of the recent disaster at Bull Run, July 21, 1861. The task of the commanding officer was one of no common magnitude. He had the materials for an army,--and excellent materials, too, but still only materials. ie had no more than the block out of which an army was to be carved. There were courage, patriotism, intelligence, physical energy, in abundance; and to these invaluable qualities were to be added discipline, the instinct of obedience, precision of movement, and the power of combination. A tumultuary military assemblage was
mortally wounded. Missing. Includes the captured. Aggregate. great Bethel, Va.             June 10, 1861.             5th New York Pierce's ---------- 6 13 -- 19 Rich Mountain, W. Va.             July 11, 1861.             13th Indiana Rosecrans's ---------- 8 9 -- 17 Blackburn's Ford, Va.             July 18, 1861.             1st Massachusetts Tyler's ---------- 10 8 14 32 12th New York Tyler's ---------- 5 19 10 34 First Bull Run, Va.             July 21, 1861.             1st Minnesota Heintzelman's ---------- 42 108 30 180 69th New York Tyler's ---------- 38 59 95 192 79th New York Tyler's ---------- 32 51 115 198 Wilson's Creek, Mo.             August 10, 1861.             1st Missouri Lyon's ---------- 76 208 11 295 1st Kansas Lyon's ---------- 77 187 20 284 Carn Fex Ferry, W. Va.             Sept. 10, 1861.             10th Ohio Rosecrans' -----
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 2 (search)
pped and provided, and commanded by the best soldiers who appeared in that war, would have reassured me. The first of these expeditions was after General Lee's victory over Pope, and those of Majors-General Jackson and Ewell over Fremont, Banks, and Shields, in 1862; the second, when the way was supposed to have been opened by the effect of General Lee's victory at Chancellorsville, in 1863. The armies defeated on those occasions were four times as numerous as that repulsed on the 21st of July, 1861, and their losses much greater in proportion to numbers; yet the spirit of the Northern people was so roused by these invasions of their country, that their armies, previously defeated on our soil, met ours on their own at Sharpsburg and Gettysburg so strong in numbers and in courage as to send back the war into Virginia from each of those battle-fields. The failure of those invasions, directed by Lee, aided by Longstreet and Jackson, with troops inured to marches and manoeuvres as we
General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War, Chapter 13 (search)
first money obtained in this way, to the purchase of arms and military accoutrements, or using for the purpose the credit which such an amount of property would have given, the War Department would have been able to equip troops as fast as they could be assembled and organized. And, as the Southern people were full of enthusiasm, five hundred thousand men could have been ready and in the field had such a course been pursued, at the time when the first battle was actually fought — the 21st of July, 1861. Such a force placed on the Northern borders of the Confederacy before the United States had brought a fourth of the number into the field, would probably have prevented the very idea of coercion. Such a disposition of such an army, and the possession of financial means of carrying on war for years, would have secured the success of the Confederacy. The timely adoption of such a financial system would have secured to us the means of success, even without an extraordinary importat
ion. Colonel Hunter's official report. Washington, D. C., August 5, 161. Captain J. B. Fry, Assistant Adjutant-General United States Army: sir:--Having had the honor to command the Second division of the army before Manassas on the 21st of July, 1861, and having been wounded early in the action, the command, as well as the duty of making the division report, devolved on Colonel Andrew Porter, of the United States Army. I deem it, however, a duty I owe to the gallant gentlemen of my staJuly 29, 1861. Col. J. H. H. Ward, Commanding Second Brigade, Third Division: sir: In compliance with my duty, I respectfully submit the following report of the operation of my regiment during the recent battle at or near Bull Run on the 21st of July, 1861. On the morning of the 21st, in obedience to brigade orders, the regiment was formed, the men equipped in light marching order, and prepared to leave its bivouac at or near Centreville. The march, however, was not commenced until 6 o'cl
ned, though in the face of evidence undeniable, to believe what is rumored here, that the column did hold its ground, and that the retreat was confined to the other columns. I fear this will not prove to be the fact H. J. J. R. Atlanta Confederacy narrative. The special correspondent of the Atlanta, Ga., Confederacy, furnishes the following direct description of the plans and progress of the great battle: army of the Potomac, Manassas, July 22, 1861. Yesterday, the 21st day of July, 1861, a great battle was fought, and a great victory won by the Confederate troops. Heaven smiled on our arms, and the God of battles crowned our banners with laurels of glory. Let every patriotic heart give thanks to the Lord of Hosts for the victory He has given His people on His own holy day, the blessed Sabbath. Gen. Johnston had arrived the preceding day with about half of the force he had, detailed from Winchester, and was the senior officer in command. He magnanimously insist
73. upon the Hill before Centreville. July Twenty-first, 1861. by George H. Boker. I'll tell you what I heard that day. I heard the great guns, far away, Boom after boom. Their sullen sound Shook all the shuddering air around, And shook, ah me! my shrinking ear, And downward shook the hanging tear That, in despite of manhood's pride, Rolled o'er my face a scalding tide. And then I prayed. O God! I prayed, As never stricken saint, who laid His hot cheek to the holy tomb Of Jesus, in the midnight gloom. “What saw I?” Little. Clouds of dust; Great squares of men, with standards thrust Against their course; dense columns crowned With billowing steel. Then, bound on bound, The long black lines of cannon poured Behind the horses, streaked and gored With sweaty speed. Anon shot by, Like a lone meteor of the sky, A single horseman; and he shone His bright face on me, and was gone. All these, with rolling drums, with cheers, With songs familiar to my ears, Passed under the far-ha
after the actual secession of South Carolina and several other Southern States? I will quote from the Tribune editorials of Mr. Greeley some statements which will enlighten the people of the country as to the state of mind of a very considerable portion of the Republican party. These people followed the lead of the editor of the Tribune until, by his incessant hounding of the administration, he caused the government to precipitate the disastrous battle of Bull Run, fought on the 21st day of July, 1861, and by his continual cry of On to Richmond instigated a war upon the Southern Confederacy for doing that which he had encouraged them to do and justified them in doing, to wit, peaceably seceding from the Union. It is needless, perhaps, for me to say that I did not believe in Horace Greeley's statesmanship or teachings in 1860, nor before or after. I shall not quote his insane ravings for immediate battle in 1861. The following are extracts from his editorials in 1860:-- [Ne
, the twenty-eighth. But among the passengers were several gentlemen who participated in the fight of Thursday. From them we have the first intelligible, though neither full nor satisfactory, account of the locality of the great three days battle, and the positions occupied respectively by the opposing forces. The battle was fought on the plains of Manassas, our forces occupying the identical positions occupied by the enemy at the beginning of the ever-memorable battle of the twenty-first of July, 1861, and the enemy occupying the positions held by us on that occasion. We will lay before the reader the account we have received of the movements by which we took this position, and the battle that ensued on the day subsequent to our occupancy. On Monday Gen. A. P. Hill moved down from Salem along the Manassas Gap Railroad, and on Tuesday took possession of Manassas Junction, capturing several hundred prisoners and eight or ten guns. Gen. Ewell followed General Hill, and Gen. Ta
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