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, the twenty-eighth. But among the passengers were several gentlemen who participated in the fight of Thursday. From them we have the first intelligible, though neither full nor satisfactory, account of the locality of the great three days battle, and the positions occupied respectively by the opposing forces. The battle was fought on the plains of Manassas, our forces occupying the identical positions occupied by the enemy at the beginning of the ever-memorable battle of the twenty-first of July, 1861, and the enemy occupying the positions held by us on that occasion. We will lay before the reader the account we have received of the movements by which we took this position, and the battle that ensued on the day subsequent to our occupancy. On Monday Gen. A. P. Hill moved down from Salem along the Manassas Gap Railroad, and on Tuesday took possession of Manassas Junction, capturing several hundred prisoners and eight or ten guns. Gen. Ewell followed General Hill, and Gen. Ta
ed for want of transportation to destroy the rest of the captured property. This was done during the night of the twenty-seventh, and fifty thousand pounds of bacon, one thousand barrels of corned beef, two thousand barrels of salt pork, and two thousand barrels of flour, besides other property of great value, were burned. Taliaferro's division moved during the night by the road to Sudley, and crossing the turnpike near Groveton, halted on the west side, near the battle-field of July twenty-first, 1861, where it was joined, on the twenty-eighth, by the divisions of Hill and Ewell. Perceiving during the afternoon that the enemy, approaching from the direction of Warrenton, was moving down the turnpike towards Alexandria, thus exposing his left flank, General Jackson advanced to attack him. A fierce and sanguinary conflict ensued, which continued until about nine o'clock P. M., when the enemy slowly fell back, and left us in possession of the field. The loss on both sides was heav
road to Sudley Mill, and crossing the turnpike in the vicinity of Groveton, halted near the battle-field on the twenty-first of July, 1861. Ewell's and Hill's divisions joined Jackson's on the twenty-eighth. My command had hardly concentrated northria turnpike, pursuing the Old Military road to Sudley Mills, and at daylight halted on the battle-field of the twenty-first of July, 1861. The Second brigade, under the command of Colonel Bradley Johnson, was thrown forward to Groveton; the Third, which was the most advanced point reached by our infantry, and near the hill where Bee and Bartow fell, on the twenty-first July, 1861, the first battle of Manassas. The list of casualties of the three brigades having been previously forwarded, red to the front, when we arrived nearly upon the spot where my command had stood for hours during the battle of July twenty-first, 1861. We found a company of the enemy's cavalry, and Lieutenant-Colonel Watts was ordered to charge them with one sq
ived, after covering the retreat of the entire army. All are up in tolerable good order. The Michigan Second and Third regiments were in the rear of the whole. J. B. Richardson, Commanding Fourth Brigade. General Willcox's report. Detroit, Michigan, September 3, 1861. Brig.-General L. Thomas, Adj.-Gen. U. S. A.: General: My brigade, the Second of Heintzelman's division, marching in rear of Franklin's origade, arrived at the Sudley Ford at about half past 12 P. M., July twenty-first, 1861. The brigade now consisted of the First Michigan, Eleventh New York, (Fire Zouaves), Thirty-eighth New York, and Arnold's battery. The Fourth Michigan had been left at Fairfax Station and Fairfax Court-House by order of General McDowell. Halting for rest and water, I obeyed the General's orders to post Arnold's battery on a hill commanding the ford, with the First Michigan for support, and at one o'clock pushed forward with my two remaining regiments up the Sudley and Brentvill
to recover West Virginia would have been made (if at all attempted) under very different auspices, and with much more decisive results in our favor. I am confident that I should have been in possession of Wytheville and the mountain region south of it in a very few weeks. In this brief campaign the telegraph was for the first time, I think, constructed as the army advanced, and proved of very great use to us; it caused a very great saving of time and horseflesh. On the evening of July 21, 1861, I first received intelligence of the advance of Gen, McDowell and the battle of Bull Run. I had received no intimation whatever in regard to the projected operations in the East, although I might have aided them very materially had I been asked to do so. The first telegram I received from Gen. Scott, early in the evening of the 21st, was to the effect that McDowell was gaining a grand victory, had taken four redoubts on the enemy's left, and would soon defeat them utterly. Then came a
Elias Nason, McClellan's Own Story: the war for the union, the soldiers who fought it, the civilians who directed it, and his relations to them., Chapter 3: private letters of Gen. McClellan to his wife. [June 21 to July 21, 1861.] (search)
Chapter 3: private letters of Gen. McClellan to his wife. [June 21 to July 21, 1861.] Marietta, June 21, 1861. I must snatch a few moments to write you. We got off at 11.30 yesterday morning, and had a continual ovation all along the road. At every station where we stopped crowds had assembled to see the young general gray-headed old men and women, mothers holding up their children to take my hand, girls, boys, all sorts, cheering and crying, God bless you! I never went through such a scene in my life, and never expect to go through such another one. You would have been surprised at the excitement. At Chillicothe the ladies had prepared a dinner, and I had to be trotted through. They gave me about twenty beautiful bouquets and almost killed me with kindness. The trouble will be to fill their expectations, they seem to be so high. I could hear them say, He is our own general ; Look at him, how young he is ; He will thrash them ; He'll do, etc., etc. ad infinitum. . . .
ted barrier between them and McDowell's troops. At daylight of July 21, 1861, Tyler's division advanced to this bridge. It was a day of conaggressive and that the Bull Run-battlefield of the morning, July 21, 1861 Along Bull Run Creek on the morning of July 21st Tyler's divthe Where a Federal victory seemed assured Sudley Church--July 21, 1861.--This Methodist Episcopal church stood a half mile south of thhe Sudley Sulphur Spring House. Thornton's House — Bull Run--July 21, 1861 This house, which stood some three miles north of the battle Where the Confederates wavered Center of Battle of Morning--July 21, 1861.--North of this house, about a mile, the Confederate Colonel Evs boot; he mounted The storm center of the battle, Bull Run, July 21, 1861 Near where the ruins of this house (the Henry House) are sho April 12-13, 1861. After the first fateful clash at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, had taught the North that the war was on in earnest, a number
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 1: The Opening Battles. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), Engagements of the Civil War with losses on both sides December, 1860-August, 1862 (search)
5 wounded. July 16, 1861: Scarey Creek, W. Va. Losses: Union 9 killed, 38 wounded. July 16, 1861: Martinsburg, Mo. Losses: Union 1 killed, 1 wounded. July 18, 1861: Blackburn's Ford, Va. Union, 1st Mass., 2d and 3d Mich., 12th N. Y., Detachment of 2d U. S. Cav., Battery E 3d U. S. Artil. Confed., 5th, 11th N. C., 2d, 3d, 7th S. C., 1st, 7th, 11th, 17th, 24th Va., 7th La., 13th Miss. Losses: Union 19 killed, 38 wounded. Confed. 15 killed, 53 wounded. July 21, 1861: Bull Run or Manassas, Va. Union, 2d Me., 2d N. H., 2d Vt., 1st, 4th, and 5th Mass., 1st and 2d R. I., 1st, 2d, and 3d Conn., 8th, 11th, 12th, 13th, 16th, 18th, 27th, 29th, 31st, 32d, 35th, 38th, and 39th N. Y., 2d, 8th, 14th, 69th, 71st, and 79th N. Y. Militia, 27th Pa., 1st, 2d, and 3d Mich., 1st and 2d Minn., 2d Wis., 1st and 2d Ohio, Detachments of 2d, 3d, and 8th U. S. Regulars, Battalion of Marines, Batteries D, E, G, and M, Major Robert Anderson and family This Federal ma
ners. Night then closed over Second Bull Run: the fighting Forty-First New York and Brig.-Gen. Rufus King. C Company of the Forty-first New York after the Second Battle of Bull Run, August 30, 1862. When the troops of Generals Milroy and Schurz were hard pressed by overpowering numbers and exhausted by fatigue, this New York regiment, being ordered forward, quickly advanced with a cheer along the Warrenton Turnpike and deployed about a mile west of the field of the conflict of July 21, 1861. The fighting men replied with answering shouts, for with the regiment that came up at the double quick galloped a battery of artillery. The charging Confederates were held and this position was assailed time and again. It became the center of the sanguinary combat of the day, and it was here that the Bull-Dogs earned their name. Among the first to respond to Lincoln's call, they enlisted in June, 1861, and when their first service was over they stepped forward to a man, specifying n
ir strength. General Wade Hampton Butler and his cavalry, 1861-1865. by U. R. Brooks (Columbia S. C.). the State company, 1909. Wade Hampton entered the military service of the Confederate States as colonel of the Hampton Legion, South Carolina Volunteers, June 12, 1861, said legion consisting of eight companies of infantry, four companies of cavalry, and two companies of artillery. With the infantry of his command, Colonel Hampton participated in the first battle of Bull Run, July 21, 1861, where he was wounded. He bore a part as a brigade commander in the subsequent battles on the Peninsula of Virginia, from the beginning of operations at Yorktown until the battle of Seven Pines, where he was again wounded. . . . I have been often asked if General Hampton was a good tactician. If in a minor, technical sense, I answer to the best of my judgment, No. I doubt if he ever read a technical book on tactics. He knew how to maneuver the units of his command so as to occupy
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