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Brownell. Reaching the lines where the army was forming, Forming to charge on those ramparts of hell, When from the wood came her regiment swarming, What did she see there-this Kady Brownell? ‘Gallant Burnside’: at the height of his career photographed eight months after the events of Scollard's poem; while with his staff-officers at Warrenton, Virginia, November 14, 1862 General Burnside entered the war in May, 1861, as colonel of the First Rhode Island Volunteers. At Bull Run, July 21, 1861, he at first commanded the brigade in which the regiment was serving, but was soon called upon to take charge of the Second (Hunter's) division in the presence of the opposing Confederates. Under his command, Kady Brownell showed herself ‘so undaunted’; the two Rhode Island regiments in the battle were in his brigade, the colonel of the Second losing his life early in the section. On August 6, 1861, Burnside was commissioned brigadier-general of volunteers, and from January to July, 1
twenty-seven feet high, made of chocolate-colored sandstone, and bears on its top a 100-pound shell. The shells on the pedestals at each corner are of similar size. The inscription reads—‘To the memory of the patriots who fell at Bull Run, July 21, 1861.’ The dedicatory exercises were conducted by the Rev. Dr. McCurdy, who read an appropriate service. After the singing of a special hymn for the occasion, the Fifth Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery executed a military parade and the Sixteenth MasCivil War, the group here preserved by the camera assembled to do honor to the ‘dear martyrs’ who fell in the first great battle of the conflict. The site was on the hillside in front of the stone house, at the spot where on the afternoon of July 21, 1861, Ricketts and Griffin lost their batteries. In that battle the Federal forces had been entirely successful until early in the afternoon. Then the Confederates rallied on the brow of this hill, and the ground on which these men and women
the division of Confederate records, U. S. War Department Union ArmyConfederate Army KilledWoundedMissingTotalKilledWoundedMissingTotal Bull Run, Va., July 21, 18614811,0111,2162,7083871,582121,981 Wilson's Creek, Mo., Aug. 10, 18612237212911,235257900271,184 Fort Donelson, Tenn., Feb. 12-16, 18625002,1082242,8322,00014,Confederate generals killed in battle group no. 3 Brig.-Gen. Benjamin McCulloch, Pea Ridge, Marc 7, 1862. Brig.-Gen. Bernard E. Bee, First Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Maj.-Gen. John Pegram, Hatcher's Run, February 6, 1865. Brig.-Gen. Felix K. Zollicoffer, Mill Springs, January 19, 1862. Brig.-Gen. Francis S. Bartow, First Bull Run, July 21, 1861. Brig.-Gen. Robert Selden Garnett, Rich Mountain, July 13, 1861. Deaths from all causes in Union armies CauseOfficersEnlisted MenTotal Killed and died of wounds6,365103,705110,070 Died of disease2,712197,008199,720 In prison8324,87324,866 Accidents1423,9724,114 Drowning1064,8384,944
, adjutant-general of Louisiana, and manager of the State lottery. He died in New Orleans, February 20, 1893. Lieutenant-generals of the Confederacy—group no. 1 On this and the two pages following appear portraits of all officers who held the rank of Lieutenant-General in the Confederate States Army, with the exception of Stonewall Jackson and A. P. Hill, whose portraits have appeared among the general officers killed in battle. Richard Stoddert Ewell a battle record from July 21, 1861, to April 6, 1865. fought nearly three years on a Wooden leg. James Longstreet, none knew better than Longstreet's opponents how and where he earned the sobriquet Lee's Warhorse. Jubal Anderson Early modest in victory, undaunted by defeat, he defended the Shenandoah against Enormous Odds. Daniel Harvey Hill, had no superior as the Marshal of a division in assault or defense. Army of Northern Virginia General J. E. Johnston was wounded at Seven Pines, May 31, 1862, and
m, H., April 27, 1864. Bustee, Rich., Aug. 7, 1862. Campbell, C. T., Nov. 29 1862. Campbell, W. B., June 30, 1862. Catterson, R. F., May 31, 1865. Chambers, Alex., Aug. 11, 1863. Champlin, S. G., Nov. 29, 1862. Chapin, Edw. P., June 27, 1863. Clayton, Powell, Aug. 1, 1864. Cluseret, G. P., Oct. 14, 1862. Cochrane, John, July 17, 1862. Conner, Seldon, June 11, 1864. Cooper, James, May 17, 1861. Cooper, Jos. A., July 21, 1864. Copeland, Jos. T., Nov. 29, 1862. Corcoran, M., July 21, 1861. Cowdin, Robt., Sept. 26, 1862. Craig, James, Mar. 21, 1862. Crittenden, T. T., April 28, 1862. Crocker, M. M., Nov. 29, 1862. Davis, E. J., Nov. 10, 1864. Deitzler, Geo. W., Nov. 29, 1862. Denver, Jas. W., Aug. 14, 1861. Dewey, J. A., Nov. 20, 1865. Dodge, Chas. C., Nov. 29, 1862. Dow, Neal, April 28, 1862. Duffie, Alfred N., June 23, 1863. Dumont, E., Sept. 3, 1861. Dwight, Wm., Nov. 29, 1862. Edwards, John, Sept. 26, 1864. Ellett, Alfred W., Nov. 1, 1862. Este, Geo. P.
The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 10: The Armies and the Leaders. (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller), General officers of the Confederate Army: a full roster compiled from the official records (search)
justified, were never legally confirmed. In such cases, as those of Joseph Wheeler and John B. Gordon, General Wright has followed the strictest interpretation of the Confederate records below. As for the body of this History it has been thought best to employ the titles most commonly used, and found in the popular reference works. The highest rank attained is given in every case together with the date of the commission conferring such rank. Generals, regular Beauregard, P. G. T., July 21, 1861. Bragg, Braxton, April 6, 1862. Cooper, Samuel, May 16, 1861. Johnston, A. S., May 30, 1861. Johnston, J. E., July 4, 1861. Lee, Robert E., June 14, 1861. General, provisional army Smith, E. Kirby, Feb. 19, 1864. Generals, provisional army (with temporary rank) Hood, John B., July 18, 1864. Lieutenant-generals, provisional army Buckner, S. B., Sept. 20, 1864. Ewell, Richard S., May 23, 1863. Forrest, N. B., Feb. 28, 1865. Hampton, Wade, Feb. 14, 1865. Hardee, Wm.
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), A foreign view of the civil War in America. (search)
nt to half that of the officers; and of the officers of the department alluded to instead, of a majority, not one-fourth took the side of the Confederacy. So much for preliminary remarks. Let us see whether there is any improvement when the Count gets fairly into the field, where it is claimed that he has the advantage of narrating either as an eye-witness himself, or from the immediate testimony of eyewitnesses. As regards the first important engagement of the war, that of the 21st of July, 1861, he represents the Confederate force to have actually exceeded that of the Federals. Now, we have General Beauregard's official statement, from which the estimate here given does not vary materially, that his whole force, including the army of the Shenandoah, amounted to 30,161 men of all arms. But by the testimony of Federal officers before the Committee on the Conduct of the War, it appears that General McDowell had five divisions numbering from ten to twelve thousand men, exclusiv
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Origin of the Confederate battle flag. (search)
heir country, and whose final defeat but added lustre to their grandest victories. It was not the flag of the Confederacy, but simply the banner — the battle flag — of the Confederate soldier. As such it should not share in the condemnation which our cause received, or suffer from its downfall. The whole world can unite in a chorus of praise to the gallantry of the men who followed where this banner led. It was at the battle of Manassas, about 4 o'clock of the afternoon of the 21st of July, 1861, when the fate of the Confederacy seemed trembling in the balance, that General Beauregard, looking across the Warrenton turnpike, which passed through the valley between the position of the Confederates and the elevations beyond occupied by the Federal line, saw a body of troops moving towards his left and the Federal right. He was greatly concerned to know, but could not decide, what troops they were — whether Federal or Confederate. The similarity of uniform and of the colors carr<
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Notes and Queries. did General Armistead fight on the Federal side at First Manassas or confess when dying at Gettysburg that he had been engaged in an Unholy cause? (search)
material, also forcing the evacuation of the posts west of the Rio Grande. Yours respectfully, G. A. Haywood, Secretary Safe Deposit Company. Thus it is in proof that General Armistead was in California when his State seceded, and the war broke out — that as soon as he heard of it he resigned — that he was with General A. S. Johnston in his famous journey across the plains, and that he arrived at Mesilla a week after the first battle of Manassas (or Bull Run), was fought on the 21st of July, 1861, and that it was, therefore, as much a physical impossibility that Armistead could have been present at the battle, as it was a moral impossibility that he could, with his convictions, have drawn his sword against his native State, his kindred, his own people. General Doubleday's repetition of this rumor is as unworthy of the candor of a brave soldier, as it is incompatible with the pains-taking of the accurate historian. 2. The other count in the indictment, viz: that General Ar
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of the First battle of Manassas. (search)
f carelessness. The ground being gleaned, the order to march was given, and we reached our position about sunrise. The next day we camped near the Lewis house. As it was understood we were to fight the day thereafter, and my men had but little rest the previous night, I determined they should have a good night's rest the coming night. Accordingly, when the sentinels were posted, they were charged not, under any circumstances, to permit the men to be disturbed. On the morning of the 21st July, 1861, I was ordered to take position on Bull Run, north of the Lewis house; and Captain Harris, an engineer officer of much note, was ordered to accompany and post us. We were placed on the edge of the run, under a bluff, on which a section of Rogers's battery, under Lieutenant Heaton, was posted, and temporarily attached to my command. Riding up on the bluff, I found but one gun. Surprised, I asked the Lieutenant where his other was. Pointing to it, near the Lewis house, he said, there it
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