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Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Contents of the Twelfth Book of Diodorus (search)
campaign of the Lacedaemonians against Acarnania and the naval battle with the Athenians (chaps. 47-48). —The campaign of Sitalces against Macedonia, and of the Lacedaemonians against Attica (chaps. 50-51). —On the embassy from Leontini to Athens and the powerful oratory of Gorgias their ambassador (chap. 53). —On the war between the Leontines and the Syracusans (chap. 54). —The revolt of the Lesbians from the Athenians and the seizure and destruction of Plataea by the Lacedaemonians (chaps. 55-56). —The civil strife among the Cercyraeans (chap. 57). —How the Athenians were seized by a pestilential disease and lost many of their citizens (chap. 58). —How the Lacedaemonians founded Heracleia, a city in Trachis (chap. 59). —How the Athenians slew many of the Ambraciotes and laid waste their city (chap. 60). —On the Lacedaemonians who were made prisoners on the island of Sphacteria (chaps. 61-63). —On the pun
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 41 (search)
ad an alliance with the Athenians.The fuller account of the following incident is in Thuc. 2.2 ff. But certain of its citizens, wishing to destroy its independence, had engaged in parleys with the Boeotians, promising that they would range that state under the confederacyThe Boeotian League, which had been revived after Athens lost her dominating position in Central Greece in the battle of Coroneia in 447 B.C. (cp. chap. 6). organized by the Thebans and hand Plataea over to them if they would send soldiers to aid in the undertaking. Consequently, when the Boeotians dispatched by night three hundred picked soldiers, the traitors got them inside the walls and made them masters of the city. The Plataeans, wishing to maintain their alliance with the Athenians, since at first they assumed that the Thebans were present in full force, began negotiations with the captors of the city and urged them to agree to a truce; but as the night
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 42 (search)
upon, the Thebans received their captives back,Thucydides (Thuc. 2.5.7) says that the Plataeans persuaded the Thebans to withdraw from their territory and that they then slew the Theban captives. restored the booty they had taken, and returned to Thebes. The Plataeans dispatched ambassadors to the Athenians asking for aid, while they themselves gathered the larger part of their possessions into the city. The Athenians, when they learned of what had taken place in Plataea, at once sent a considerable body of soldiers; these arrived in haste, although not before the Thebans, and gathered the rest of the property from the countryside into the city, and then, collecting both the children and women and the rabble,Thucydides (Thuc. 2.6.4) calls these "the least efficient of the men." sent them off to Athens. The Lacedaemonians, deciding that the Athenians had broken the truce,The thirty-year truce concluded in 446 B.C. (chap. 7). mustered a strong
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 47 (search)
sea with twenty triremes. He sailed around the Peloponnesus and put in at Naupactus, and by gaining the mastery of the Crisaean GulfAt about the centre of the north side of the Gulf of Corinth. prevented the LacedaemoniansSpecifically the Corinthians, the leading naval allies of the Lacedaemonians. from sailing in those parts. And the Lacedaemonians sent out a strong army under Archidamus their king, who marched into Boeotia and took up positions before Plataea. Under the threat of ravaging the territory of the Plataeans he called upon them to revolt from the Athenians, and when they paid no attention to him, he plundered their territory and laid waste their possessions everywhere. After this he threw a wall about the city, in the hope that he could force the Plataeans to capitulate because of lack of the necessities of life; at the same time the Lacedaemonians continued bringing up engines with which they kept shattering the w
Diodorus Siculus, Library, Book XII, Chapter 56 (search)
About the same time the Lacedaemonians who were besieging Plataea threw a wall about the city and kept a guard over it of many soldiers. And as the siege dragged on and the Athenians still sent them no help, the besieged not only were suffering from lack of food but had also lost many of their fellow citizens in the assaults. While they were thus at a loss and were conferring together how they could be saved, the majority were of the opinion that they should make no move, but the rest, some two hundred in number, decided to force a passage through the guards by night and make their way to Athens. And so, on a moonless night for which they had waited, they persuaded the rest of the Plataeans to make an assault upon one side of the encircling wall; they themselves then made ready ladders, and when the enemy rushed to defend the opposite parts of the walls, they managed by means of the ladders to get up on the wall, and after slaying the
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 4, chapter 81 (search)
at they are few, so far as they are true Scythians. But this much they let me see for myself: there is a region between the Borysthenes and Hypanis rivers, whose name is Exampaeus; this is the land that I mentioned when I said that there is a spring of salt water in it, whose water makes the Hypanis unfit to drink. In this region is a bronze vessel, as much as six times greater than the cauldron dedicated by Pausanias son of Cleombrotus at the entrance of the Pontus.Pausanias, the victor of Plataea, set up this cauldron in 477 B.C. to commemorate the taking of Byzantium. For anyone who has not yet seen the latter, I will make my meaning plain: the Scythian bronze vessel easily contains five thousand four hundred gallons, and it is of six fingers' thickness. This vessel (so the people of the country said) was made out of arrowheads. For their king, whose name was Ariantas, desiring to know the census of the Scythians, commanded every Scythian to bring him the point from an arrow, threa
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 6, chapter 108 (search)
e agora, from which distances were reckoned. they sat at the altar as suppliants and put themselves under protection. When the Thebans heard this, they marched against the Plataeans, but the Athenians came to their aid. As they were about to join battle, the Corinthians, who happened to be there, prevented them and brought about a reconciliation. Since both sides desired them to arbitrate, they fixed the boundaries of the country on condition that the Thebans leave alone those Boeotians who were unwilling to be enrolled as Boeotian. After rendering this decision, the Corinthians departed. The Boeotians attacked the Athenians as they were leaving but were defeated in battle. The Athenians went beyond the boundaries the Corinthians had made for the Plataeans, fixing the Asopus river as the boundary for the Thebans in the direction of Plataea and Hysiae. So the Plataeans had put themselves under the protection of the Athenians in the aforesaid manner, and now came to help at Marathon.
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 7, chapter 132 (search)
Among those who paid that tribute were the Thessalians,Not all the inhabitants of Thessaly, here, but the tribe of that name which had settled in the Peneus valley and given its name to the surrounding peoples. Dolopes, Enienes, Perrhaebians, Locrians, Magnesians, Melians, Achaeans of Phthia, Thebans, and all the Boeotians except the men of Thespiae and Plataea. Against all of these the Greeks who declared war with the foreigner entered into a sworn agreement, which was this: that if they should be victorious, they would dedicate to the god of Delphi the possessions of all Greeks who had of free will surrendered themselves to the Persians. Such was the agreement sworn by the Greeks.
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 7, chapter 231 (search)
When Aristodemus returned to Lacedaemon, he was disgraced and without honor. He was deprived of his honor in this way: no Spartan would give him fire or speak with him, and they taunted him by calling him Aristodemus the Trembler. In the battle at Plataea, however, he made up for all the blame brought against him.
Herodotus, The Histories (ed. A. D. Godley), Book 7, chapter 233 (search)
nst the king's army as long as they were with the Hellenes and under compulsion. When, however, they saw the Persian side prevailing and the Hellenes with Leonidas hurrying toward the hill, they split off and approached the barbarians, holding out their hands. With the most truthful words ever spoken, they explained that they were Medizers, had been among the first to give earth and water to the king, had come to Thermopylae under constraint, and were guiltless of the harm done to the king. By this plea they saved their lives, and the Thessalians bore witness to their words. They were not, however, completely lucky. When the barbarians took hold of them as they approached, they killed some of them even as they drew near. Most of them were branded by Xerxes command with the kings marks, starting with the general Leontiades. His son Eurymachus long afterwardsIn 431; cp. Thuc. 2.2 ff. was murdered by the Plataeans when, as general of four hundred Thebans, he seized the town of Plataea.
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