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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 10.92 (search)
The artillery of the A. N. V. In the last campaign and at the surrender. Report of General W. N. Pendleton, Chief of artillery, army of Northern Virginia. Headquarters artillery corps, Army N. Va., Appomattox Courthouse, April 10, 1865. Colonel W. H. Taylor, A. A. General A. N. V.: Colonel,--I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of the artillery under my command from the 1st day of April to the present time. Much to my regret, it has to be made without possible access, as will be seen from the circumstances of the case, to special reports from those superior officers of this important arm, General A. L. Long, Chief of Artillery, Second corps; General E. P. Alexander, Chief of Artillery, First corps, and General R. Lindsay Walker, Chief of Artillery, Third corps. Owing to the demonstrations of the enemy on the right of our lines, near Petersburg, on the morning of April 1st, I ordered seven guns of Poague's battalion, which had been held in
, was 62,696. Four Years with General Lee, by Walter H. Taylor, p. 50. I now proceed to inquire what cause repulse of Fremont's advance was so easy that General Taylor describes it as offering a temptation to go beyo late. But the condition was truly critical. General Taylor describes his chief at that moment thus: Jacksoice, Delightful excitement. He then briefly gave Taylor instructions to move against the battery on the plaIn this critical condition of Winder's command, General Taylor made a successful attack on the left and rear oeaving both caisson and limber. Thus occupied with Taylor, the enemy halted in his advance, and formed a lineime reenforcements were brought by General Ewell to Taylor, who pushed forward with them, assisted by the wellntly met, I copy a description from the work of General Taylor: The fighting in and around the battery wastriot, who has been gathered to his fathers, to add Taylor's explanation: Ere long my lost Seventh Regiment, s
s I did not think it judicious to inform the enemy of the numerical weakness of our forces. The following statements have been taken from those papers by Major Walter H. Taylor, of the staff of General Lee, who supervised for several years the preparation of the original returns. A statement of the strength of the troops undericersEnlisted Men Longstreet's command1,92726,489 Jackson's command1,62921,728 Reserve artillery50716 —————— Total No report of cavalry.3,60648,933 Major Taylor, in his work, Four Years with General Lee. states: In addition to the troops above enumerated as the strength of General Johnston on May 21, 1862, there wf three brigades. The total strength of these three brigades, according to the Reports of the Operations of the Army of Northern Virginia, was 5,008 effectives. Taylor says: If the strength of these five be added to the return of May 21st, we shall have sixty-two thousand six hundred and ninety-six (62,696) as the effec
herefore, in the usual course, sent to him. After the evacuation of Frederick City by our forces, a copy of General Lee's order was found in a deserted camp by a soldier, and was soon in the hands of General McClellan. The copy of the order, it was stated at the time, was addressed to General D. H. Hill, commanding division. General Hill has assured me that it could not have been his copy, because he still has the original order received by him in his possession. To these remarks Colonel W. H. Taylor adds the following note: Colonel Venable, one of my associates on the staff of General Lee, says in regard to this matter: This is very easily explained. One copy was sent directly to Hill from headquarters. General Jackson sent him a copy, as he regarded Hill in his command. It is Jackson's copy, in his own handwriting, which General Hill has. The other was undoubtedly left carelessly by some one at Hill's quarters. Says General McClellan, Upon learning the contents of this orde
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 6: Jackson's Valley campaign (search)
public, June 8. cross Keys, June 8. Port Republic, June 9. Winder repulsed. Taylor's charge. after effects. Before taking up the history of affairs before Ricn held by the enemy's seven-gun battery, early in the morning, and had directed Taylor's fine La. brigade to attack it, and later, sent a second brigade to follow TayTaylor. Their approach was made through forest, and the enemy were unaware of it. Taylor urged his march to the utmost, and was admonished by the sounds of the battleTaylor urged his march to the utmost, and was admonished by the sounds of the battle in the open country on his left that his friends were in need of assistance. So, without waiting for the brigade which followed him, he broke cover and charged bolbattle at this vital point at once relieved the pressure upon Winder's centre. Taylor had a desperate fight, the battery being taken and retaken and taken again, befssons were finally held, and its fire opened upon the now retreating Federals. Taylor's brigade lost 288 men in this action, but accomplished its victory before the
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 7 (search)
Branch moves. A. P. Hill moves. battle of Mechanicsville. Porter's retreat. A. P. Hill's advance. Gaines Mill position. the chances. Jackson at Cold Harbor. Porter's account. Hill's account. Lee's account. Jackson ordered in. general advance. enemy's escape. casualties. remarks. When Gen. Lee, on June 1, 1862, took command of the Army of Northern Virginia, he brought with him his personal staff, — Col. R. H. Chilton, Adjutant, Col. A. L. Long, Military Secretary, and Majs. Taylor, Venable, Marshall, and Talcotts, as Aides. He retained the chiefs of all departments, — Corley as Quartermaster, Cole as Commissary, Guild as Medical Director, and myself as Ordnance Officer, — and all matters of routine went on as before. The chances of a successful campaign against McClellan had increased greatly when Johnston fell, wounded, as has been already told. Johnston had proposed the concentration at Richmond of a large force, to be drawn from points farther south. Lee woul<
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, chapter 8 (search)
ad sent, depressed Magruder very much. Later in the evening he received some encouragement. Maj. Taylor of Lee's staff, bearing a message, arrived, hunting for Jackson. Upon being told that Jackson had been ordered elsewhere, as Magruder loosely quoted his message to Jones, Taylor did not hesitate to say that there must be some mistake. As he did not know the country, and Magruder had upon his staff a Chaplain Allen who did know it, the message for Jackson was intrusted to Allen, and Taylor returned to Lee. But Lee's note that night to Magruder, already quoted (p. 138), contained a postscript, as follows:— P. S. Since the above was written I learn from Maj. Taylor that you are under the impression that Gen. Jackson has been ordered not to support you. On the contrary, he has bee statement to Magruder, that Jackson was even then crossing at Grapevine bridge, and his sending Taylor later with a message to Jackson, show that he believed his orders were being executed. The ex
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 11: second Manassas (search)
nt by rail from Alexandria, advanced from Bull Run in line of battle, expecting to drive off a raid of cavalry. Had the Confederates restrained their impatience, and permitted the enemy to approach, the whole brigade might have been captured. But their artillery could not resist the temptation to open upon the unsuspecting advance, and it retreated so rapidly that, although it was pursued for some miles, its whole loss was but 135 killed and wounded, and 204 prisoners. The Federal general, Taylor, was killed. The Federal and sutler's supplies stored at Manassas presented a sight to the ragged and half-starved Confederates, such as they had never before imagined. Not only were there acres of warehouses filled to overflowing, but loaded cars covered about two miles of side-tracks, and great quantities of goods were stacked in regular order in the open fields, under tarpaulin covers. The supplies embraced everything eatable, drinkable, wearable, or usable, and in immense profusion.
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 13: Sharpsburg or Antietam (search)
seemed incredible to many writers that the small forces mentioned in many of the official reports, as engaged at Sharpsburg, could be correctly stated; but I am satisfied from my own observations at the time that the following estimate by Col. Walter H. Taylor, Gen. Lee's adjutant, is essentially correct. Col. Taylor, in his book Four years with Lee, writes:— The following recapitulation is established upon indisputable and contemporaneous authority, being nothing less than the testimonyCol. Taylor, in his book Four years with Lee, writes:— The following recapitulation is established upon indisputable and contemporaneous authority, being nothing less than the testimony of the commanding officers, as shown by their official reports made at the time. Longstreet's Command6,262(9 Brigades) Jackson's Command5,000(8 Brigades) D. H. Hill's Division3,000(5 Brigades) R. H. Anderson's Division3,500(6 Brigades) A. P. Hill's Division3,400(5 Brigades) McLaws's Division2,893(4 Brigades) J. G. Walker's Division3,200(2 Brigades) Total Effective Infantry27,255(39 Brigades) I cannot verify the estimate made for the cavalry and artillery, viz. 8000
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 14: fall of 1862 (search)
with an order in his pocket for the President to approve, or else to accept, his resignation. He made the issue boldly, first with Hooker, and next with Franklin, and his principal officers. The proposed order dismissed from the Army Hooker, Brooks, and Newton, commanding divisions, and Cochrane, commanding a brigade in the 6th corps; and it relieved from further duty with the army, Franklin, Smith, commanding the 6th corps, Sturgis, commanding a division, and Ferrero, a brigade in it, and Taylor, Franklin's Asst. Adjt.-Gen. Lincoln felt kindly to Burnside and respected him, but he had now more confidence in Hooker, who had won the sobriquet of Fighting Joe, and much general popularity, both in the army and in the newspapers, with his fine bearing and frank manners. So Lincoln met the issue and suppressed the order, relieved Burnside from the command, and gave it to Hooker on Jan. 25. None of the other proscribed officers were disturbed, except Franklin, who was placed on waitin
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