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Chapter 59: surrender of Lee. Upon crossing the Appomattox on the night of April 2d, Lee's army marched toward Amelia Court House. It had been his original intention to go to Danville, but being prevented from carrying out this purpose, he marched toward Lynchburg. Encumbered by a large wagon train, his march was necessarily slow. His trains were attacked again and again by the enemy's cavalry, adding to the delay. On April 4th Amelia Court House was reached and the army, being without rations, to appease hunger subsisted on young shoots just putting out upon the trees and parched corn. The letter had been captured that asked for rationsows: Besides its bearing in other respects, it may possibly throw some light upon the yet unexplained failure of General Lee's request for supplies at Amelia Court House, to reach the President or the War Department. It seems to be certain that neither the President, Secretary of War, Quarter-Master-General, nor Commissary-
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Five Forks and the pursuit of Lee. (search)
dispatch came from Sheridan, saying he had captured six guns and some wagons, and had intercepted Lee's advance toward Burkeville, that Lee was in person at Amelia Court House, etc. This news was given to the passing troops, and lusty cheers went up from every throat. They had marched about fifteen miles already that day, and nowthat direction. The next day, the 6th, proved a decided field-day in the pursuit. It was found in the morning that Lee had retreated during the night from Amelia Court House, and from the direction he had taken, and the information received that he had ordered rations to meet him at Farmville, it was seen that he had abandoned al, a corps commander in General Lee's army, was killed at Petersburg, April 2d, 1865, and this, or some other important reason, caused General Lee, while at Amelia Court House, to consolidate his army into two corps or wings, one commanded by Lieutenant-General Longstreet and the other by Lieutenant-General Ewell. The main body
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Volume 4., Lee's report of the surrender at Appomattox. (search)
Lee's report of the surrender at Appomattox. On the 12th of April, 1865, from Near Appomattox Court House, General R. E. Lee made the following report to Mr. Davis: Mr. President: It is with pain that I announce to Your Excellency the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia. The operations which preceded this result will be reported in full. I will therefore only now state that upon arriving at Amelia Court House on the morning of the 4th with the advance of the army, on the retreat from the lines in front of Richmond and Petersburg, and not finding the supplies ordered to be placed there, nearly twenty-four hours were lost in endeavoring to collect in the country subsistence for men and horses. This delay was fatal, and could not be retrieved. The troops, wearied by continual fighting and marching for several days and nights, obtained neither rest nor refreshment, and on moving on the 5th, on the Richmond and Danville railroad, I found at Jetersville the enemy's cavalr
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 12: the inauguration of President Lincoln, and the Ideas and policy of the Government. (search)
d them on, willing or unwilling, into open armed rebellion. To carry out his threats, they said, not only on the forts now in possession of the Federal Government to be held, but fortresses along the coast, and owned [by virtue of unlawful seizure] by the Confederate States Government, are to be possessed and held by the United States Government. This warns us that our course now must be entirely one of policy and war strategy. Charleston Mercury, March 6, 1861. A member (Mr. Harvie, of Amelia) of the politicians' convention in Virginia, then in session in Richmond, introduced a resolution declaring that it was Mr. Lincoln's purpose to plunge the country into civil war by coercive policy, and asked the Legislature to take measures for resistance; and some were so indiscreet as to rejoice because the Inaugural seemed to give a pretext for rebellion. Every thing that unholy ambition and malice could devise was used to distort the plain meaning of the address, and inflame the passio
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 21: closing events of the War.--assassination of the President. (search)
n of Lee's troops, in their retreat, was Amelia Court-House, on the south side of the Appomattox Riv stores to be forwarded from Danville to Amelia Court-House. They were promptly sent; but when, on all the supplies that were to be left at Amelia Court-House for the use of Lee's army on its retreatrcept him, he was compelled to remain at Amelia Court-House all of the 4th, and the next day, waitint Jetersville, seven miles southwest of Amelia Court-House, when some of his cavalry swept along ittox at Farmville, thirty-five miles from Amelia Court-House, where the South Side railway touched th part of Lee's army moving westward from Amelia Court-House, his cavalry escorting a train of one huc was at Jetersville, and was moved upon Amelia Court-House to attack Lee. Sheridan had returned thered that Lee, during the night, had left Amelia Court-House, had passed the left flank of of the Unie horrors of that retreat, after leaving Amelia Court-House--the troops without supplies, without sl
bemarle, ram, at the siege of Plymouth, 3.470; fight of with the Sassacus, 3.471; destruction of by Lieut. Cushing, 3.472. Albemarle Sound, naval operations in, 2.176; Gen. Reno's expedition on, 2.314. Alexandria, occupation of by Union troops, 1.482. Alexandria, La., occupation of by National troops, 3.254; abandonment of by Gen. Banks's forces, 3.268. Allatoona Pass, battle of, 3.397. Allegheny Summit, battle at, 2.103. Ambulances, Philadelphia firemen's, 1. 579. Amelia Court-House, Gen. Lee's retreating forces at, 3.552. Amendments to the Constitution, proposed, 1.87, 241. American Society for the Promotion of National Union, 1.207. Anderson, Major, Robert, succeeds Col. Gardner in command in Charleston harbor,1.118; warning letters of, 1.119, 125, 127; raises the United States flag on Fort Sumter, 1.130; his action in relation to the Star of the West, 1.156, 159; refuses the demand of Gov. Pickens for the surrender of Fort Sumter, 1.160; his letter dec
Election Petersburg abandoned Lee concentrates at Chesterfield C. H. retreats westward by Amelia C. H. Sheridan heads hun off from Danville, at Jetersville Davies strikes his train at Sabine's Ce north to Petersburg on the south, at Chesterfield C. H.; thence moving rapidly west-ward to Amelia C. H., where Lee had ordered supplies to meet him by cars from Danville; but where he found none — of feeding his famished men, Sheridan, moving rapidly westward by roads considerably south of Amelia C. H., had struck the Danville railroad at Jetersville, while his advance had swept down that road crush him. Meade, with the 2d and 6th corps, came up late on the 5th, while Lee was still at Amelia C. H. Thus the provisions which the Confederates at Lynchburg and Danville had collected and prepard to Lee were intercepted, and all hope of succor to his sore beset army cut off. Lee left Amelia C. H. at nightfall of the 5th; moving around the left of Meade and Sheridan's position at Jetersvil
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz), chapter 9 (search)
, and had confirmed the rumor that Richmond was in our hands; also had stated that Sheridan, in his pursuit towards Amelia Court House, reported much abandoned property by the way, and the capture of prisoners and guns. Everybody was in great spiritn, striking off to the right, across the fields to Jetersville. At ten, we got word that the enemy were still near Amelia Court House, and the infantry were continually ordered to press on, the General stirring up the halting brigades, as he rode paners at 16,000, with lots of guns and colors. At six A. M. the three infantry corps advanced in line of battle, on Amelia Court House; 2d on the left; 5th in the centre; and 6th on the right. Sheridan's cavalry, meantime, struck off to the left, toknow just then, you perceive, in what precise direction the enemy was moving. Following the railroad directly towards Amelia C. H., General Meade received distinct intelligence, at nine o'clock, that the enemy was moving on Deatonsville, intending p
. CurtisWilliam LincolnBoston438 385 Sch.Joshua HamblenJ. O. Curtis'sJ. O. CurtisThomas HopkinsChatham70 386 ShipHelen McGawJ. O. Curtis'sJ. O. CurtisJ. A. McGawBoston590 387 ShipNiobeP. Curtis'sP. CurtisGeorge PrattBoston712 388 ShipIndependenceP. Curtis'sP. CurtisA. HemenwayBoston864 389 ShipR. C. WinthropP. Curtis'sP. CurtisB. BangsBoston802 390 ShipHorsburghT. Magoun'sHayden & CudworthD. C. BaconBoston577 391 ShipAustissT. Magoun'sHayden & CudworthWetmore & Co.New York621 392 ShipAmeliaT. Magoun'sH. EwellJ. WellsmanCharleston, S. C.572 393 ShipCrusaderT. Magoun'sH. EwellW. W. GoddardBoston600 394 ShipGeorgiaJ. Stetson'sJ. StetsonJ. G. MillsSavannah, Geo.665 395 BrigFrankJ. Stetson'sJ. StetsonJ. StetsonMedford160 3961848ShipLiving AgeJ. Stetson'sJ. StetsonE. D. Peters & Co.Boston758 397 ShipHarriett ErvingT. Magoun'sH. EwellW. W. GoddardBoston616 398 Sch.T. TaylorT. Magoun'sHayden & CudworthHawes & TaylorYarmouth75 399 ShipMarcellusT. Magoun'sHayden & CudworthH
f spring, were in sharp contrast to the travelworn, weather-beaten, ragged veterans passing over the verdant plain. Lee hastened the march of his troops to Amelia Court House, where he had ordered supplies, but by mistake the train of supplies had been sent on to Richmond. This was a crushing blow to the hungry men, who had beenppomattox and its tributaries. The spring floods impeded, though they did not actually check, Grant's impetuous pursuit of Lee. By the time Lee had reached Amelia Court House (April 5th), Grant's van was at Jetersville. Lee halted to bring up provisions; as he said in his official report, the ensuing delay proved fatal to his plans. The provisions that he expected to find at Amelia Court House were captured by the Federals. The freshet that delayed Grant's pursuit The flooded Appomattox ordered a truce. A meeting with Grant was soon arranged on the basis of the letters already exchanged. The conference of the two world-famous commanders took p
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