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on, of which a large proportion was presumed to yield one and a half pound of niter per foot of earth. The whole country was laid off into districts, each of which was under the charge of an officer, who obtained details of workmen from the army, and made his monthly reports. Thus the niter production, in the course of a year, was brought up to something like half of the total consumption. The district from which the most constant yield could be relied on had its chief office at Greensboro, North Carolina, a region which had no niter caves in it. The niter was obtained from lixiviation of nitrous earth found under old houses, barns, etc. The supervision of the production of iron, lead, copper, and all the minerals which needed development, as well as the manufacture of sulphuric and nitric acids (the latter required for the supply of the fulminate of mercury for percussion caps), without which the firearms of our day would have been useless, was added to the niter bureau. Such was
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 15: (search)
. The thirteen millions of treasure with which Jeff. Davis was to corrupt our armies and buy his escape, dwindled down to the contents of a hand valise! To say that I was merely angry at the tone and substance of these published bulletins of the War Department, would hardly express the state of my feelings. I was outraged beyond measure, and was resolved to resent the insult, cost what it might. This ridicule of Halleck is based upon a perfectly evident misprint of Goldsboro for Greensboro in transmitting Halleck's dispatch of the 26th April, as it was through the latter place the rebel Cabinet passed. How little reason he had for this outburst upon the question of Jeff. Davis' gold, will appear from the fact that the day before this telegram of Halleck's was written, General Sherman had himself telegraphed substantially the same thing to Admiral Dahlgren, and also to General Gillmore. The following is Sherman's gold dispatch: Raleigh, N. C., April 25, 1865. Maj
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 17: (search)
render was received: In a telegram dated Greensboro, 4:30 P. M., the President directed me to leg the first train, about midnight, I reached Greensboro about eight o'clock in the morning on the 12 wrote clearly that if Johnston's army about Greensboro were pushed it would disperse, an event I wiove Sheridan with his cavalry toward Greensboro, North Carolina, as soon as possible. I think it wirecting a portion of my troops to march upon Greensboro in North Carolina. By direction of the Prrman. At the time my troops were ordered to Greensboro, General Sherman's troops did not occupy thaof the War Department. But whether or not Greensboro, or any part of North Carolina, was in my coirected me to move my troops on Danville and Greensboro, precisely as I did move them, there to awaidirected by him to push forward my troops to Greensboro, where they would receive further orders. Ah he had directed me to send to Danville and Greensboro. 9th. There is but one other point in Ge[1 more...]
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 18: (search)
itions of war are lost, and no help can be expected from Virginia, which is at the mercy of the conqueror. The army next in numbers and efficiency is known as the Army of Tennessee, and is commanded by Generals Johnston and Beauregard. Its rolls call for more than seventy thousand men. Its last returns show a total present for duty, of all arms, of less than twenty thousand men. This number is daily diminishing by desertions and casualties. In a recent conference with the Cabinet at Greensboro Generals Johnston and Beauregard expressed the unqualified opinion that it was not in their power to resist Sherman's advance, and that as fast as their army retreated, the soldiers of the several States on the line of retreat would abandon the army and go home. We also hear on all sides, and from citizens well acquainted with public opinion, that the State of North Carolina will not consent to continue the struggle after our armies shall have withdrawn further south, and this withdrawa
ations to the Army of Northern Virginia, there lay in depot along the railroad between Greensboro, North Carolina, Lynchburg, Staunton, and Richmond, at least ten days rations of bread and meat, colle at Danville, 1,500,000 rations meat; at Lynchburg, 180,000 rations bread and meat; at Greensboro, North Carolina, and vicinity, 1,500,000 rations bread and meat. In addition, there were considerabfrom the Confederates operating in the Valley and western Virginia. South and west of Greensboro, North Carolina, the depot accumulations were reserved first to meet requisitions for the forces operaforce to be moving toward the south around the west side of Danville, and we removed thence to Greensboro, passing a railroad bridge, as was subsequently learned, a very short time before the enemy's egraphed to General Johnston from Danville the report that Lee had surrendered; on arriving at Greensboro, I conditionally requested him to meet me there, where General Beauregard at the time had his
ed in a previous chapter, was as follows: Greensboro, North Carolina, April 11, 1865—12 M. General J. E. Johnston, he request, General J. E. Johnston came up from Raleigh to Greensboro, and with General Beauregard met me and most of my Cabinarolina, April 24, 1865. General J. E. Johnston, Greensboro, North Carolina. The Secretary of War has delivered to me theJohnston's Narrative, pp. 408, 409. The first is that at Greensboro, on the 19th of April— Colonel Archer Anderson, adjut that there was a payment of silver coin to the army at Greensboro, and I have no papers which would afford information. ds in charge of Hendren is the following: Greensboro, North Carolina, April 15, 1865. Mr. Hendren, C. S. Treasurer, GGreensboro, North Carolina. Sir: You will report to General Beauregard with the treasure in your possession, that he may gory. The total number of prisoners paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, as reported by General Schofield, was 36,817; i
der of Command, 60-61. Letter from Davis concerning Hood's campaign into Tennessee, 482. Conference with Davis in Greensboro, N. C., 576-79. Bell, General, 458, 459. Belmont, Mo., Battle of, 14. Benjamin, Judah P., 516, 589. Extract of lettgovernment from Richmond, 566-68. Proclamation to people of Danville, 574. Establishment of Confederate government at Greensboro, 575. Conference in Greensboro with generals, 576-79. Remark of Sherman to J. E. Johnston, 582. Statements of J. E. Greensboro with generals, 576-79. Remark of Sherman to J. E. Johnston, 582. Statements of J. E. Johnston, 585-86. Journey South from Charlotte, 585, 588-91, 593-94. Capture and imprisonment, 594-97. Objects of book, 645. Mrs. Jefferson, 419. Davis Guards, 199. Dayton, —, 320. Deagan, Hugh, 201. Deane, Silas, 229. Deerhound (yacht), 217-70. Removal from command, 471-72. Appointment to command in North Carolina, 536. Note from Davis for conference in Greensboro, 576. Conference with Davis, 576-79. Conferences with Sherman on terms of surrender, 580-84, 587-88. Statements conc
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 23: the fall of 1864 (search)
, Grant determined to delay no longer, taking the initiative in moving around his right flank. His effective force, by his latest returns, was 101,000 infantry, 9000 artillery, 14,700 cavalry, total, 124,700, with 369 guns. Lee's forces by his latest return, Feb. 28, were 46,000 infantry, 5000 artillery, and 6000 cavalry, total 57,000, from which 3000 should be deducted for desertions in March. In N. C., Sherman was about Goldsboro with about 100,000, against which Johnston in front of Greensboro had, perhaps, 25,000. There was really no need that Grant should have hurried himself, for, though by all the maxims of strategy, Lee should now unite with Johnston and both attack Sherman, his deficiencies in transportation were so great that no such movement was practicable. On March 27, Sheridan with two divisions of his excellent cavalry with their magazine carbines had rejoined the army, and Grant began to transfer his forces to his extreme left. A single division only, Devens' o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Confederate States of America (search)
Richmond at midnight was the War Department, represented by Major Melton. The gold of the Louisiana banks that had been sent to Richmond for safe-keeping, and that of the Richmond banks, was sent away by the Danville Railway early in the day. The Confederate government halted in its flight at Danville, where an attempt was made at reorganization, to continue the contest so long as there was a man left in the Confederacy. On hearing of the surrender of Lee, they fled from Danville to Greensboro, N. C., and made their official residence in a railroad carriage, where they remained until the 15th, when, it being seen that the surrender of Johnston was inevitable, they again took flight on horses and in ambulances for Charlotte, for the railway was crippled. There Davis proposed to establish the future capital of the Confederacy, but the surrender of Johnston prevented. The fugitive leaders of the government now took flight again on horseback, escorted by 2,000 cavalry. They turned t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Guilford, battle of. (search)
v.) recrossed the Dan into North Carolina; and as he moved cautiously forward to foil the efforts of Cornwallis, to embody the Tories of that State, he found himself, March 1, 1781, at the head of about 5,000 troops in good spirits. Feeling strong enough to cope with Cornwallis, he sought an engagement with him; and on the 15th they met near Guilford Court-house, where they fiercely contended for the mastery. The battle-field was about 5 miles from the (present) village of Greensboro, in Guilford county, N. C. Greene had encamped within 8 miles of the earl, on the evening of the 14th, and on the morning of the 15th he moved against his enemy. The latter was prepared The battle of Guilford G. British advancing; 1. First position of British; B. Front line of Americans—North Carolinians; C. Second line of Americans; A. American right wing; E. Maryland and Virginia Continentals; 2. Second position of British; D. Fight between Hessians and Americans; 3. Third position of British.
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