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Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Cicero's Public Life and Contemporary Politics. (search)
t Hortensius, the advocate of Verres, withdrew from the case, and Verres himself went into exile.Plutarch, Cic. 7, 8; in Verr. 2.2.192. 4. His prosecution of Verres as well as his defense of Roscius Amerinus (80 B.C.) and of Cornelius Sulla (in 62 B.C.) have caused much discussion of Cicero's political tendencies during this early period. All three of these cases had a pronounced political character, and in all three Cicero was the advocate of democratic interests. He defended Roscius againsim to make a parting speech Fam. 5.2.7. on the ground that in punishing the Catilinarian conspirators he had put Roman citizens to death without a trial. Cicero, Clodius, and the Triumvirs. ´╝łAet. 45-48. B.C. 62-59. Epist. III.-IX.) 9. The year 62 B.C. opened with a series of bitter attacks upon the senate by Pompey's tool, the tribune Metellus Nepos, supported by the praetor C. Julius Caesar. Against Cicero, his consulship, and the execution of the conspirators, Metellus made his fiercest on
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, The Private Life of Cicero. (search)
said to have amounted to 10,000,000 sesterces. Possibly Cicero received also a share of the profits which C. Antonius, his colleague in the consulship, made in his province. Att. 1.12 2; 1.13.6; 1.14.7; Fam. 5.5. Cicero did not apparently increase his property to any great extent by productive investments. A large part of it in fact was invested in houses and villas in Rome and in the country districts of Italy. Besides his town house upon the Palatine, which he bought of M. Crassus in 62 B.C. for 3,500,000 sesterces, Fam. 5.6.2. Cicero owned villas at Arpinum, Tusculum, Antium, Astura, Formiae, Cumae, Puteoli, and Pompeii, and lodges along some of the more frequented Italian roads. Large sums of money were spent in decorating and furnishing these different residences Att. 2.1.11; 4.2.7. and upon their proper maintenance. When, in addition to these heavy expenses, we bear in mind his great fondness for works of art and literature, Fam. 7.23; Att. 1.9.2; 1.4.3; 1.7; 1.10.4. his
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Cicero's Family and Friends. (search)
to study, and the appearance of Brutus at Athens, in 44 B.C., was enough to cause his enlistment in the army of the liberatores, in which he served with distinction. ad Brut. 2.3. He espoused the cause of Octavius against Antony, was made consul by the former in 30 B.C.,Plut. Cic. 49. and is last heard of as proconsul of Asia. Quintus Tullius Cicero. 55. Quintus Cicero was a man of considerable ability; and, although he never reached the consulship, he was aedile in 65 and praetor in 62 B.C. At first he was inclined to attach himself to Pompey, and in 57 B.C. served as the latter's legatus in Sardinia, Q. fr. 2.2.1. but three years later he joined Caesar in Gaul and took part in the invasion of Britain. In the civil war, after some hesitation, he espoused the cause of Pompey, but after the battle of Pharsalus he sought and obtained pardon from Caesar. In 43 B.C. he was proscribed with Marcus and put to death. Four of his letters are extant,Fam. 16.8; 26; 26; 27. as well
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter III: ad familiares 5.7 (search)
Letter III: ad familiares 5.7 Rome, Apr., 62 B.C. In Dec., 63 B.C. Cicero had sent to Pompey, who was in the East, a somewhat lengthy letter (now lost), in which he had given a resume of the achievements of his consulship. This letter, written probably in that egotistical vein which characterizes many of Cicero's utterances in regard to his consulship, apparently offended Pompey, who replied in a brief, unsympathetic letter. At the same time, Pompey sent a letter to the senate containing no word of commendation for Cicero. The letter before us was written upon the receipt of these two epistles. For the formula of greeting, see Intr. 62. S. t. e. q. v. b. e.: for si tu exercitusque valetis, bene est; a stereotyped form of salutation which Cicero uses only in official or formal letters, or in replying to some one who has employed it in writing to him. Intr. 62. publice, officially, to the magistrates and senate. Cf. Fam. 35.3. tantam spem oti: along with the carrying out of o
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter IV: ad familiares 7.23 (search)
Letter IV: ad familiares 7.23 Rome, 62 B.C. M. Fadius Gallus was a personal friend of Cicero, to whom he wrote Fam. 7.23-27. Cf. Fam. 33.59 M. Fadium unice diligo summaque mihi cum eo consuetudo et familiaritas est pervetus. He was a man of artistic and literary tastes. Like Cicero, he wrote a eulogy of Cato. Cf. Ep. LXXXI. 2. tantum quod: equivalent to commodum; cf. Att. 35.33.7. This usage, perhaps a colloquial one, became comparatively frequent in post-Augustan prose, e.g. navis Alexandrina, quae tantum quod appulerat, Suet. Aug.98. Arpinati: Cicero inherited his villa at Arpinum from his father (de Leg. Agr. 3.8). He had fitted it up in imitation of the villa of Atticus at Buthrotum. Aviani: as the sequel shows, Gallus had made certain purchases of Avianius for Cicero, and Avianius generously offered to delay recording them until it should suit Cicero's convenience to pay. Nomina facere is a commercial expression, meaning to set down items of debt in an account book. rogare
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter V: ad Atticum 1.16 (search)
lle autem, etc.: a parenthetical explanation to Atticus, as the death of Rex had occurred very recently. domum: Cicero's house was in the most fashionable part of the city, on the Palatine, and cost him $150,000 (Fam. 5.6.2).Cf. Intr. 45. Clodius wishes to characterize Cicero as a parvenu, and perhaps to suggest that the money had been obtained in a questionable way. Gell.12.12 tells us that the money for the purchase of the house came from P. Cornelius Sulla, who was defended by Cicero in 62 B.C. putes: indefinite second person, while the subject of dicere is te, referring to Clodius. iuranti: i.e. when he gave his testimony. If the judges had believed Cicero's testimony, they would have convicted Clodius. crediderunt crediderunt: the play upon words can be reproduced in English by the word 'trusted.' Cf. Intr. 103. concidit: cf. 5 n. noster autem status: with these words the third topic of the letter begins, Cicero's political and personal fortunes. melius: cf. Intr. 85a. quam
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero, Letter LXX: ad familiares 15.17 (search)
. Harpax, who is to impersonate a messenger from abroad, is provided with a chlamys, a machaera, and a petasus (Pseud. 735). Perhaps, however, Cicero means that Cassius's messengers are always on the move, like Mercury, who wore the petasus. ignosces: Cf. Intr. 84b. alteras, etc., this second letter from me will be short. P. Sullam patrem: P. Cornelius Sulla, in whose defense against the charge of having taken part in the Catilinarian conspiracy Cicero delivered the oration Pro Sulla in 62 B.C. habebamus: cf. sic habeto, Ep. XXVI.1n. populus, etc.: i.e. the people do not care (to know how he died), as long as they know he is dead. There is probably, as Reid suggests, a double meaning in combustum. Comburere is used literally of burning a man's body upon a funeral pyre, as inAtt. 14.10.1, and figuratively of roasting a man in the courts, as our slang phrase has it. Cf. Q. fr. 1.2.6 deinde rogas Fabium ut et patrem et filium vivos comburat, si possit; si minus, ad te mittat uti iud
nn (Gesch. Roms, iii. p. 128) conjectures, that she was the daughter of M. Aurelius Cotta and Rutilia Compp. Cic. Att. 12.20), and that C. M. and L. Cottae, who were consuls in B. C. 75, 74, and 65 respectively, were her brothers. She carefully watched over the education of her children (Dial. de Orat. 28; comp. D. C. 44.38), and always took a lively interest in the success of her son. She appears to have constantly lived with him; and Caesar on his part treated her with great affection and respect. Thus, it is said, that on the day when he was elected Pontifex Maximus, B. C. 63, he told his mother, as she kissed him upon his leaving his house in the morning to proceed to the comitia, that he would not return home except as Pontifex Maximus. (Suet. Jul. 13.) It was Aurelia who detected Clodius in the house of her son during the celebration of the mysteries of the Bona Dea in B. C. 62. (Plut. Caes. 9, 10; Suet. Jul. 74.) She died in B. C. 54, while her son was in Gaul. (Suet. Jul. 26.)
o be the same as Q. Antonius who was praetor in Sicily in B. C. 82 and was killed by L. Philippus, the legate of Sulla. (Liv. Epit. 86) The annexed coin was struck either by, or in honour of, this Balbus. The obverse represents the head of Jupiter; the reverse is Q. A(N)TO. BA(L)B. PR. with Victory in a quadriga. IV. M. Atius Balbus, plebeian, of Aricia, married Julia, the sister of Julius Caesar, who bore him a daughter, Atia, the mother of Augustus Caesar. [ATIA.] He was praetor in B. C. 62, and obtained the government of Sardinia, as we learn from the annexed coin (copied from the Thesaur. Morell.), of which the reverse is ATIUS BALBUS PR., with the head of Balbus; and the obverse, SARD. PATER, with the head of Sardus. the father or mythical ancestor of the island. In B. C. 59, Balbus was appointed one of the vigintiviri under the Julian law for the division of the land in Campania; and, as Pompey was a member of the same board, Balbus, who was not a person of any importance
Be'stia 2. L. Calpurnius Bestia, probably a grandson of the preceding, was one of the Catilinarian conspirators, and is mentioned by Sallust as tribune of the plebs in the year in which the conspiracy was detected, B. C. 63. It appears, however, that he was then only tribune designatus; and that he held the office in the following year, B. C. 62, though he entered upon it, as usual, on the 10th of December, 63. It was agreed among the conspirators, that Bestia should make an attack upon Cicero in the popular assembly, and that this should be the signal for their rising in the following night. The vigilance of Cicero, however, as is well known, prevented this. (Sal. Cat. 17, 43; Appian, App. BC 2.3; Plut. Cic. 23; Schol. Bob. pro Sest. p. 294, pro Sull. p. 366, ed Orelli.) Bestia was aedile in B. C. 59, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the praetorship in 57, notwithstanding his bribery, for which he was brought to trial in the following year and condemned. He was defended by his
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