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William Swinton, Campaigns of the Army of the Potomac 4 4 Browse Search
Horace Greeley, The American Conflict: A History of the Great Rebellion in the United States of America, 1860-65: its Causes, Incidents, and Results: Intended to exhibit especially its moral and political phases with the drift and progress of American opinion respecting human slavery from 1776 to the close of the War for the Union. Volume II. 4 4 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 23. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 4 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 27. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 4 4 Browse Search
A Roster of General Officers , Heads of Departments, Senators, Representatives , Military Organizations, &c., &c., in Confederate Service during the War between the States. (ed. Charles C. Jones, Jr. Late Lieut. Colonel of Artillery, C. S. A.) 4 4 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3. 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 16. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 33. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
Jefferson Davis, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government 3 3 Browse Search
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 13. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones) 3 3 Browse Search
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lexander, E. B., Oct. 1865. Alvord, Ben., April 9, 1865. Arnold, Lewis G., Mar. 13, 1865. Babbitwith, E. G., Mar. 13, 1865. Bell, George, April 9, 1865. Bingham, J. D., April 9, 1865. Blake, Gnj. C., Mar. 13, 1865. Carrington, H. B., April 9, 1865. Churchill, Sylvanus, Feb. 23, 1847. Cla, C. L., Mar. 13, 1865. Forsyth, Jas. W., April 9, 1865. Fry, Cary H., Oct. 15, 1867. Gardner, J, M. P., April 9, 1865. Smith, Joseph R., April 9, 1865. Sweitzer, N. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Thayer,Henry D., Mar. 13, 1862. Warner, Jas. M., April 9, 1865. Watkins, L. D., Mar. 13, 1865. Wessellsee, John, Mar. 13, 1865. Pattee, Jos. B., April 9, 1865. Patterson, R. F., Mar. 13, 1865. Patterg, George, Mar. 21. 1865. Spaulding, Ira, April 9, 1865. Spaulding, O. L., June 25, 1865. Spenceht, W. P., Mar. 13, 1865. Walcutt, C. F., April 9, 1865. Walker, D. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Walker, FLouis E., Mar. 13, 1865. Young, S. B. M., April 9, 1865. Young, Thos. L., Mar. 13, 1865. Zahm, L[24 more...]
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 2. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 6.34 (search)
who ne'er shall heed thy trumpet-call again; The homes whose light is quenched for aye; the graves without a stone; The folded flag, the broken sword, the hope forever flown. Yet raise thy head, fair land! thy dead died bravely for the Right; The folded flag is stainless still, the broken sword is bright; No blot is on thy record found, no treason soils thy fame, Nor can disaster ever dim the lustre of thy name. These lines are slightly altered from the noble poem entitled “The Ninth of April, 1865,” by Percy Greg--Interleaves in the Workday Prose of Twenty years--London, 1875. Pondering in her heart all their deeds and words, Virginia calls us, her surviving sons, from weak regrets and womanish laments to the contemplation of their virtues, bidding us, in the noble words of Tacitus, to honor them not so much with transitory praises as with our reverence, and, if our powers permit us, with our emulation. Reminding her children, who were faithful to her in war, that the rew
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 8. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Reminiscences of Lee and Gordon at Appomattox Courthouse. (search)
I will at once pass over the three years which followed — years of hard marches, hard-tack, short fare and short wear, victories and reverses — to the 9th of April at Appomattox — years pregnant with the unfinished history of a people whose efforts in support of principles can only be appreciated by those a generation removed from the prejudices of the hour — a people whose endurance and fame will be the theme for poetry and romance until the celebration of the next centennial. The 9th of April, 1865, was Sunday. The morning sun shone bright and lovely. The last charge of the last day, of Rodes' division, had been made under the lead of Brigadier-General Cox, of North Carolina (General Grimes having been wounded), directed by General Gordon, and the solid blue ranks had given way before the tattered, half-starved line of gray. But all at once the firing ceased, and the division was withdrawn to a ravine crossing the main road along which General Lee was moving towards Appomatto
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 10.92 (search)
al,--Having heard frequent mention made of the operation of the infantry of the Second corps, Army of Northern Virginia, at Appomattox Courthouse, without any allusion to the part taken by the artillery on that memorable occasion, I am induced by a sense of justice to submit to you the following statement, with a request that you will send it to the Southern Historical Society Papers for publication, with such comment as you may think suitable. About 3 o'clock on the morning of the 9th of April, 1865, the Second corps, then commanded by General Gordon, advanced on the road to Appomattox Station, it was thought, to drive back a portion of the enemy's forces that had interrupted our line of retreat. The column reached the Courthouse about light and took position on a ridge a little beyond the village. The infantry, barely two thousand strong, was deployed to the right of the road, while I directed about thirty pieces of artillery, consisting of part of the battalions of Carter, Pog
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 9. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The infantry of the army of Northern Virginia. (search)
d the main body of the Army of Northern Virginia, and for four years carried the revolt on its bayonets. What soul-stirring thoughts, what glorious recollections, what thrilling memories of all that men hold great in war and good and true in individual conduct, come crowding on our minds as through the vista of the years gone by we trace their historic march from glory-crowned Manassas with its victorious shout, to Appomattox with its sad miserere of defeat and despair, when on the 9th of April, 1865, they yielded to the tyranny of fate, and saw Their warrior banner take its flight To greet the warrior's soul. The world remembers, and you and I who saw its meteor rise, its. magnificent development, and its tearful fall, can never forget that there was once a great Confederate South that played no mean nor insignificant part in the wonderful drama of the ages. We acknowledged its laws, we honored its civil rulers, we loved its military heroes, and we followed its blood-baptized
who violated the Constitution, and upon whom rests the responsibility of the war. It has been stated above that the conditions offered to our soldiers whenever they proposed to capitulate, were only those of subjugation. When General Buckner, on February 16, 1862, asked of General Grant to appoint commissioners to agree upon terms of capitulation, he replied: No terms, except unconditional and immediate surrender, can be accepted. When General Lee asked the same question, on April 9, 1865, General Grant replied: The terms upon which peace can be had are well understood. By the South laying down their arms, they will hasten that most desirable event, save thoussands of human lives and hundreds of millions of property not yet destroyed. When General Sherman made an agreement with General Johnston for formal disbandment of the army of the latter, it was at once disapproved by the government of the United States, and Sherman therefore wrote to Johnston: I demand
account of the circumstances and terms of the surrender, as well as the events immediately preceding the evacuation of Petersburg, and the retreat thence to Appomattox Courthouse, I annex the subjoined letters: Appomattox Court-House, April 9, 1865. General R. E. Lee, commanding Confederate States Army: In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following terms, to wit: Rolls of heir homes, not to be disturbed by the United States authority so long as they observe their parole and the laws in force where they may reside. Very respectfully, U. S. Grant, Lieutenant-General. headquarters army of Northern Virginia, April 9, 1865. General: I have received your letter of this date containing the terms of surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia, as proposed by you. As they are substantially the same as those expressed in your letter of the 8th inst., they are acce
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 2: the battle of Bull Run (July, 1861) (search)
where he could discern signs of our presence. One of these was the Wilmer McLean residence, on a shady knoll in the cultivated fields a half mile in the rear of Bull Run, which Beauregard had announced as his headquarters for the battle. One of the earliest shots struck the kitchen and ruined the dinner being prepared. Within a year the family were compelled to abandon the plantation and remove to another, which they owned, at Appomattox C. H., Va. Here, by remarkable coincidence on April 9, 1865, the last fighting between the same two armies took place, upon their land as the first had done. Grant made his headquarters in their residence, and in it Lee made the surrender of his army. After cannonading for some time without drawing reply, Tyler ordered Richardson's brigade to scour the woods in front, and a squadron of cavalry with two guns to advance on the road to Mitchell's Ford. Two of our guns under Kemper fired upon the cavalry when it came into view. It was quickly w
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 3: fall and winter of 1861 (search)
November essayed an advance from Alexandria upon Lee's right flank at Mine Run, about halfway between the two railroad lines. He found Lee so strongly intrenched that he withdrew without attacking. Seventh. On May 4, 1864, Grant, with the largest force yet assembled, set out from Alexandria on a line between Meade's Mine Run and Hooker's Spottsylvania routes. Lee attacked his columns in the Wilderness. The battle thus joined raged for over 11 months, and only ended at Appomattox on April 9, 1865. Our only concern here is to note the advantages and the disadvantages of the different lines. The overland route again proved a failure. At Spottsylvania, North Anna, Totopotomoy, Cold Harbor, and Petersburg, Grant found Lee across his path, and was unable to drive him off. His only recourse, on each occasion, was to move to his left and try the next road to the eastward. And now every intermediate road had been tried, and, after losing 65,000 men, he was only on the James River wi
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative, Chapter 20: battle of the Wilderness (search)
efreshment between our battles, in which the armies would replenish and recruit before initiating new strategy leading up to a new collision — usually under a new Federal leader. Now from May 5, when battle was joined in the Wilderness until April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered at Appomattox, there was scarcely a day when the armies were not under each other's fire. Grant decided beforehand not to exchange prisoners. This added much to the suffering to be endured on both sides. It may be c The Federal loss was estimated at 1100. The two battles of the Wilderness and Spottsylvania may be considered as parts of the one great battle of Grant and Lee, begun in the Wilderness on May 5, 1864, and terminated only at Appomattox on April 9, 1865. During all this time the two armies were locked as if in a mortal embrace. Only by night could they shift positions. Firing by day was almost incessant. The consumption of men was far in excess of anything ever known before. The killed
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