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nd rear. I could see the force which engaged Walker's brigade, and at no time did it exceed five hundred; I think three hundred a big estimate. Walker's brigade not only did not prevent reinforcements from going to Fort Reiter, but the enemy, after sunrise, actually passed to my left, and half a mile to my rear, and held that position during the day. Very respectfully, J. Marmaduke, Brigadier-General, commanding. Report of General Walker. Headquarters in the field, camp near Lick Creek, July 7, 1863. Major: I have the honor to submit the following report of the conduct of my cavalry brigade, in the battle before Helena, on the fourth instant: In obedience to General Orders No. 2, I moved my command towards Helena, on Sterling's road. Arriving at the blockade before daylight I dismounted and sent forward three companies, attempting to capture the enemy's pickets in that direction. At daylight, I sent forward three more companies dismounted, and commenced the work
William Boynton, Sherman's Historical Raid, Chapter 3: (search)
urally strong, with Snake Creek on our right, a deep, bold stream, with a confluent (Owl Creek) to our right front, and Lick Creek, with a similar confluent on our left, thus narrowing the space over which we could be attacked to about a mile and a h * * And here I mention, for future history, that our right flank was well guarded by Owl and Snake Creeks, our left by Lick Creek, leaving us simply to guard our front. No stronger position was ever held by an army. Therefore, on Friday, two daysup from Savannah that morning, he had stopped at Crump's Landing, and had ordered Lew. Wallace's division to cross over Lick Creek, so as to come up on my right, telling me to look out for him. He again came to me just before dark, and described the hey had been in the morning, and our then positions; I also explained to him that my right then covered the bridge over Lick Creek, by which we had all day been expecting Lew. Wallace; that McClernand was on my left, Hurlbut on his left, and so on. B
iloh. The Tennessee flows northwest for some distance until, a little west of Hamburg, it takes its final bend to the north. Here two small streams, Owl and Lick Creeks, flowing nearly parallel, somewhat north of east, from three to five miles apart, empty into the Tennessee. Owl Creek forms the northern limit of the ridge, which Lick Creek bounds on the south. These streams, rising some ten or twelve miles back toward Corinth, were bordered near their mouths by swamps filled with backwater from the Tennessee, and impassable except where the roads crossed them. The enclosed space is a rolling table land, about one hundred feet above the river level, with its watershed lying near Lick Creek, and each slope broken by deep and frequent ravines draining into the two streams. The acclivities were covered with forests, and often thick-set with undergrowth. Pittsburg Landing, containing three or four log cabins, was situated about midway between the mouths of the creeks, in the
the enemy. The corps was immediately deployed into line of battle about a mile and a half west of Shiloh church, where Lick Creek and Owl Creek approach most nearly, and are about three miles apart. Gladden's brigade of Bragg's corps was on the rigcavalry and battery of four pieces, already thrown forward to watch and guard Grier's, Tanner's, and Borland's Fords of Lick Creek. Thirty minutes after 5 A. M., our lines and columns were in motion, all animated evidently by a promising spirit. rmined resistance of the enemy, until after 6 P. M., when we were in possession of all his encampments between Owl and Lick Creeks but one; nearly all of his field-artillery, about thirty flags, colors, and standards, over three thousand prisoners, ermined resistance of the enemy, until after 6 P. M., when we were in possession of all his encampments between Owl and Lick Creek but one. It was that one encampment that furnished a football for all the subsequent reenforcements sent by Buell, and
leading, the one to Corinth, the other to Hamburg, five or six miles up the river. On the 19th, General Sherman again disembarked his division, taking post about three miles in the interior, with three of his brigades, at or near a little log meeting-house, covering the roads to Purdy, in a northwesterly, and to Corinth, in a southwesterly, direction. His fourth brigade was detached to a point more than two miles to his left rear, at the crossing of the Pittsburg and Hamburg road, over Lick Creek. Within a few days, says General Sherman, in his memoirs, Prentiss's division arrived, and was camped on his left, filling the space between his third and fourth brigades, but some distance in advance of the latter; afterwards McClernand's and W. H. L. Wallace's divisions were landed, the first placing itself within supporting distance of Sherman, and the second on the right of Hurlbut, forming a third line, about a mile and a half from the Landing. Thus it will be seen that if we had b
left resting on Owl Creek, its right towards Lick Creek, supported on that flank by half its cavalry between the extreme right of this corps and Lick Creek will be filled by a brigade or division—accoto Pittsburg, passing through Griersford, on Lick Creek. The cavalry will throw well forward advaonfluent (Owl Creek) to our right front, and Lick Creek, with a similar confluent, on our left, thus, with only slight alteration: Two streams, Lick and Owl Creeks—the latter a confluent of Snake as the land rises highest and ridgelike near Lick Creek. Adjoining the river these ravines, deep anr's side— lay three miles below the mouth of Lick Creek. Two roads leading from Corinth, crossing th 5th, at the intersection of the Griersford (Lick Creek) and Ridge roads, from Corinth to Pittsburg,ed from near Owl Creek, on the left, to near Lick Creek, on the right, a distance of less than threes right wing, between the Pittsburg road and Lick Creek. His cavalry protected and supported his ri[1 more...
isions stretched from the Owl Creek bridge, on the Purdy road, to the ford of Lick Creek, on the Shore road, from Pittsburg to Hamburg. Sherman's 1st brigade, under l—by a loose arrangement—was Sherman's 2d brigade, under Colonel Stuart, near Lick Creek. About half a mile in rear of this line, and between Sherman and Prentiss, lng extension, as it was uncovered for the space of a mile in the direction of Lick Creek, and the enemy was occupying the country beyond the right. General Beauregarvement of the first line, and extend his own right as far as possible towards Lick Creek. Colonel Augustin was sent to conduct him into position. It was now half-pffective force of four hundred and twentyfive men. The diverging course of Lick Creek had left an ever-widening space between it and the right of General Hardee's in line of battle on a ridge faced by a ravine and watercourse emptying into Lick Creek, and awaited developments, until, seeing the Confederates penetrating on Pren
r ground, towards the ridge separating the waters which flow into Lick Creek from those which empty into Owl Creek. This arrangement enabled n at Corinth for the movement, that the distance between Owl and Lick Creeks, near the Shiloh meeting-house, was about two miles, whereas it bold stream, with a confluent (Owl Creek) to our right front; and Lick Creek, with a similar confluent, on our left; thus narrowing the space ight flank was well guarded by Owl and Snake Creeks, our left by Lick Creek, leaving us simply to guard our front. No stronger position was f them—with a broad and deep stream behind them, and a small one (Lick Creek) separating the two bodies from each other—at a still shorter dis, Generals Johnston and Beauregard—guarding well the crossings of Lick Creek, on its south side—would have concentrated all their available fotached, over two miles to his left rear, to guard a bridge across Lick Creek. That bridge might very well have been protected by a small for
first fire from skirmishing on our right towards Lick Creek; at half-past 5 we heard a volley of musketry; attending as much as possible his own right towards Lick Creek, and to follow the general movement forward. Ah a small regiment on a road leading to a ford on Lick Creek), to leave that position and go to the heaviest forrest (then Colonel), who was guarding a ford on Lick Creek, of the removal of Colonel Maury's force. This oe to see, from an elevated point, on my trip from Lick Creek, what I believed to be the smoke of transport boa left, and to order two brigades to the right, on Lick Creek. This change was made in consequence of informat second extending from Owl Creek, on the left, to Lick Creek, on the right, a distance of about three miles, sd guard Grier's, Tanner's, and Borland's fords of Lick Creek. Thirty minutes after 5 o'clock A. M. our linepossession of all his encampments between Owl and Lick Creeks but one, nearly all of his field artillery, about
F, G and K ). Skirmish, White River, May 6. Little Red River June 5. (Co. F detached for duty with Chief Commissary and as Provost Guard at Helena, Ark., May, 1862, to April, 1863.) Mount Olive June 7, 1862 (Co. F ). Gist's Plantation July 14, 1862 (Co. F ). March to Helena, Ark., June 11-July 14. Duty at Helena till April, 1863. Polk's Plantation September 20, 1862 (Detachment Co. D ). Expedition from Helena to LaGrange September 26 (2 Cos.). Jones' Lane or Lick Creek October 11 (Detachment Cos. A, G and H ). Marianna and LaGrange November 8. Expedition from Helena to Arkansas Post November 16-21, and to Grenada, Miss., November 27-December 5. Oakland, Miss., December 3. Expedition to Big and Little Creeks March 6-12, 1863. Big Creek March 8. St. Charles and St. Francis Counties April 8. Moved to Milliken's Bend, La., April 28-30. Reconnoissance to Bayou Macon May 1-4. March to New Carthage May 5-8. (Co. G detached on couri
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