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George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition. 2 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: February 7, 1865., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Roosevelt, Theodore 1858-1893 (search)
rent category, being merely a most regrettable but necessary international police duty which must be performed for the sake of the welfare of mankind. Peace can only be kept with certainty where both sides wish to keep it; but more and more the civilized peoples are realizing the wicked folly of war and are attaining that condition of just and intelligent regard for the rights of others which will in the end, as we hope and believe, make world-wide peace possible. The peace conference at The Hague gave definite expression to this hope and belief and marked a stride towards their attainment. This same peace conference acquiesced in our statement of the Monroe doctrine as compatible with the purposes and aims of the conference. The Monroe doctrine. The Monroe doctrine should be the cardinal feature of the foreign policy of all the nations of the two Americas, as it is of the United States. Just seventy-eight years have passed since President Monroe in his annual message anno
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ryswick, peace of (search)
Ryswick, peace of In 1697 a treaty of peace was concluded at Ryswick, near The Hague, by France on one side and the German Empire, England, Spain, and Holland on the other, that terminated a long war begun in 1686. By that treaty the King of France, who had espoused the cause of James II., acknowledged William of Orange King of Great Britain and Ireland, and provinces were restored to Spain and Germany, but Alsace and Lorraine were retained by France. They were won back by Germany in 1871. This treaty ended the inter-colonial war in America.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), St. Eustatius, capture of (search)
St. Eustatius, capture of While negotiations between the Dutch and English were going on at The Hague, British cruisers pounced upon Dutch merchantmen, capturing 200 ships of the republic of Holland, worth, with their cargoes, 15,000,000 guilders. Swift cutters were sent to Admiral Rodney at Barbadoes to seize the Dutch island of St. Eustatius, in the West Indies. Suddenly, on Feb. 3, 1781, the British West India fleet and army, after making a feint on the coast of Martinique, appeared off the doomed island and demanded of Governor De Grant its surrender within an hour. The surprised and astonished inhabitants, unable to offer any resistance, and ignorant of war between their home government and Great Britain, surrendered the post and its dependencies, at the same time invoking clemency for the town. The island was a rich prize, for it was a free port for all nations and was one continued store of French, Dutch, American, and English property. All the magazines and storehou
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Short, William 1759-1849 (search)
Short, William 1759-1849 Diplomatist; born in Spring Garden, Va., Sept. 30, 1759; was educated at the College of William and Mary; became a member of the Virginia executive council while very young; and in 1784 accompanied Jefferson to France as secretary of legation. In 1789 Washington appointed him charge d'affaires to the French Republic on the retirement of Jefferson from his post in France. This was the first commission signed by President Washington, and Short had the honor of being the first public officer appointed under the national Constitution. He was successively minister resident at The Hague and minister to Spain. He died in Philadelphia, Dec. 5, 1849.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Socialism, (search)
London, form the International Workingmen's AssociationSept. 28, 1864 Band of disciples of Lassalle organized in New York1865 Universal congress, for advancement and complete emancipation of the working-classes, at Geneva, SwitzerlandSept. 3, 1866 Karl Marx, German (1818-83), publishes his work, Das Kapital, called the Bible of the Social Democrats1867 Brocton community founded by Rev. Thomas Lake HarrisOct., 1867 Catholic socialism in Germany organized1868 International congress at The Hague (six delegates from America) results in the formation of a new international association on anarchistic principles under leadership of Michael Bakounine, and removal of seat of general council of the old association, which soon after ceased to exist, to New York. Congress heldSept. 2-7, 1872 Union of social politics formed by German professorial socialists at EisenachOct., 1872 Universal socialistic congress opens at GhentSept. 9, 1877 Workingmen's party in the United States reorganize
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spoliation claims. (search)
lured into that port by a special proclamation of King Joachim Murat. These spoliations constituted the basis of claims subsequently made upon, and settled by, France and Naples. The only country in Europe into whose ports American vessels might enter with safety was Russia. The War of 1812-15 wiped out all American claims for commercial spoliations against England. Those against France, Spain, Holland, Naples, and Denmark remained to be settled. Gallatin, at Paris, and Eustis, at The Hague, were instructed to press the subject. William Pinkney, former ambassador at London, appointed in Bayard's place as minister to Russia, was also commissioned to take Naples in his way, and to ask payment for American vessels and cargoes formerly confiscated by Murat, the Napoleonic sovereign. The restored Bourbon government demurred. The demand, they said, had never been pressed upon Murat himself, and they disclaimed any responsibility for the acts of one whom they regarded as a usurpe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), States-General of Holland, (search)
States-General of Holland, One of the five chief powers of the government of the Netherlands, established after the declaration of their national independence. These powers were the States-General, the Council of State, the Chamber of Accounts, the Stadtholder, and the College of the Admiralty. The States-General usually sat at The Hague. It was not in any true sense a representative body, but rather a deputation. It had no claim to sovereignty. It obeyed the instructions of its constituents to the letter. When new subjects were introduced for consideration, the States-General applied to the provinces for direction. Neither war nor peace could be made without unanimous consent of the provinces, nor troops raised without the same unanimity. The States-General constituted a congress of the same general character of that of the United States under the Articles of Confederation.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Treaties. (search)
Treaty of Amity and commerceMuscatSept. 21, 1833 Nassau: Convention of Abolishing droit d'aubaineBerlinMay 27, 1846 Netherlands: Treaty of Amity and commerceThe HagueOct. 8, 1782 Treaty of Commerce and navigationWashingtonJan. 19, 1839 Convention of CommercialWashingtonAug. 26, 1852 Convention of ConsularThe HagueJan. 22, 1The HagueJan. 22, 1855 Convention of ConsularWashingtonMay 23, 1878 Convention of ExtraditionWashingtonJune 2, 1887 Convention of ExtraditionWashingtonJuly 29, 1899 Treaty of International arbitrationThe Hague New Granada: Treaty of Peace, amity, navigation, commerceBogotaDec. 12, 1846 Convention of Consular powersWashingtonMay 4, 1850 ConvenThe Hague New Granada: Treaty of Peace, amity, navigation, commerceBogotaDec. 12, 1846 Convention of Consular powersWashingtonMay 4, 1850 Convention of ClaimsWashingtonSept. 10, 1857 Nicaragua: Treaty of Friendship, commerce, navigationManaguaJune 21, 1867 Convention of ExtraditionManaguaJune 25, 1870 Orange Free State: Convention of Friendship, commerce, extraditionBloemfonteinDec. 22, 1871 Ottoman Empire: Treaty of Commerce and navigationConstantinopleFeb. 25, 186
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Westminster, treaty of (search)
Westminster, treaty of A treaty between England and Holland, concluded March 6, 1674. By this treaty, proclaimed simultaneously at London and The Hague, New Netherland was surrendered to the English. Information of this surrender was first made known to the Dutch governor, Clove, by two men from Connecticut. The inhabitants of New Orange (as New York had been renamed) were so exasperated that the bearers of the evil news were arrested and punished. They gathered in excited groups in the streets, and cursed the States-General for giving up the fairest colony belonging to the Dutch. They declared that no authority of States or Prince could compel them to yield the country to the English again; and that they would fight to defend it so long as they could stand with one leg and fight with one hand. They had tasted of English liberty and found it bitter; but they quietly submitted.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), White, Andrew Dickson 1832- (search)
Yale College in 1853, and then studied abroad; Professor of History at the University of Michigan in 1857-64; member of the New York Senate in 1864-67, and during his last term in that body introduced a bill incorporating Cornell University; became first president of that institution in 1867, and filled the post till 1885, when he resigned owing to ill-health. He was a special United States commissioner to the republic of Santo Domingo in 1871, and commissioner to the Paris exposition in 1878; was United States minister to Germany in 1879-81, and to Russia in 1892-94. He was a member of the Venezuela boundary Andrew Dickson White. commission in 1896-97; was appointed ambassador to Germany in 1897; and was chairman of the American delegation to the peace conference at The Hague in 1899. He is an officer of the Legion of Honor of France. His publications include A history of the warfare of Science with theology; Lectures on mediaeval and modern history; Studies in history, etc.
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