Agamemnon, who had been murdered by his wife Clytaemnestra, the mother of
Orestes. “Matricide” and “avenger of his
father” show the good and bad sides of the deed of Orestes.
When the winner in a mule-race offered Simonides a small sum, he refused to
write an ode, as if he thought it beneath him to write on half-asses; but when
he gave him a sufficient amount, he wrote,
Hail, daughters of storm-footed steeds!Frag. 7 （P.L.G. 3, p.
39O）. The winner of the mule race was Anaxilaus of
and yet they were also the daughters of asses. Further, the use of
diminutives amounts to the same. It is the
diminutive which makes the good and the bad appear less, as Aristophanes in the
Babylonians jestingly uses “goldlet, cloaklet,
affrontlet, diseaselet” instead of “gold, cloak, affront,
disease.” But one must be careful to observe the due mean in their use
as well as in th