Like Philammon punching the leather sack.
All such expressions are similes, and similes, as has been often said,
are metaphors of a kind.
Proverbs also are metaphors from species to
species. If a man, for instance, introduces into his house something from which
he expects to benefit, but afterwards finds himself injured instead, it is as
the CarpathianOr, “he says it is a
case of the Carpathian and the hare.” An inhabitant of the island
of Carpathus introduced a brace of
hares, which so multiplied that they devoured all the crops and ruined the
farmers （like the rabbits in Australia）. says of the hare; for both haveexperienced the same misfortunes. This is nearly all
that can be said of the sources of smart sayings and the reasons which make them
Approved hyperboles are also metaphors. For
instance, one may say of a man whose eye is all black and blue, “you
would have thought he was a basket