o restore the government of their
fathers, slew in the Senate this most popular man, who was also the one most
experienced in the art Y.R.
710 of government. The people mourned for him greatly. B.C. 44 They scoured the city in pursuit of his murderers.
They buried him in the middle of the forum and built a temple on the place
of his funeral pile, and offered sacrifice to him as a god. Y.R. 711
And now civil discord broke out again worse than B.C. 43 ever and
increased enormously. Massacres, banishments, and proscriptions of both
senators and the so-called knights took place straightway, including great
numbers of both classes, the chief of factions surrendering their enemies to
each other, and for this purpose not sparing even their friends and
brothers; so much does animosity toward rivals overpower the love of
kindred. So in the course of events the Roman empire was partitioned, as
though it had
of infantry, one
of which was composed of new recruits as yet inexperienced. The other two
had served under him before and were entirely trustworthy. Antony advanced
against him with fury, drew a line of circumvallation around Mutina, and
laid siege to Decimus. Y.R.
In Rome, at the beginning of the new year, the consuls, Hirtius and Pansa,
convened the Senate on the subject of Antony immediately after the
sacrifices had been B.C. 43 performed and in the very temple.
Cicero and his friends urged that Antony be now declared a public enemy,
since he had seized Cisalpine Gaul with an armed force against the will of
the Senate and made of it a point of attack on the republic, and had brought
into Italy an army given to him to operate against the Thracians. They spoke
also of his seeking the supreme power as Cæsar's successor,
because he publicly surrounded himself in the city with such a lar