military exploits, he now ruled without disguise, nobody daring any longer
to dispute him about anything, and was chosen, next after Sulla, dictator
for life. Again all civil dissensions ceased until Brutus and Cassius,
envious of his great power and desiring to restore the government of their
fathers, slew in the Senate this most popular man, who was also the one most
experienced in the art Y.R.
710 of government. The people mourned for him greatly. B.C. 44 They scoured the city in pursuit of his murderers.
They buried him in the middle of the forum and built a temple on the place
of his funeral pile, and offered sacrifice to him as a god. Y.R. 711
And now civil discord broke out again worse than B.C. 43 ever and
increased enormously. Massacres, banishments, and proscriptions of both
senators and the so-called knights took place straightway, including great
numbers of both classes, the chief of facti
him in prison, pretending to gratify Cæsar in this way, as he had
threatened any who should talk about making him king. Cæsar was
well satisfied with their action. Some others who met him at the city gates
as he was returning from some place greeted him as king, and when the people
groaned, he said with happy readiness to those who had thus saluted him, "I
am no king, I am Cæsar," as though they had mistaken his name. The
attendants of Marullus B.C.
44 found out which man began the
shouting and ordered the officers to bring him to trial before his tribunal.
Cæsar was at last vexed and accused the faction of Marullus before
the Senate of conspiring to make him odious by artfully accusing him of
aiming at royalty. He added that they were deserving of death, but that it
would be sufficient if they were deprived of their office and expelled from
the Senate. Thus he confirmed the suspicion that he desired the t