rly written later than B.C. 57, - some of them at
least as late as the end of the year 55 B.C., or the beginning of the year
cc. 11, 29, 53, 113). Jerome is, thereare no poems that clearly must have been written
later than the close of the year 55
B.C., or the earlier months of the year
54, nor any that are even
of 54. Furthermore, c. 11, which was surely
written toward the close of 55
B.C., shows a decided change in the feeling
of Catullus toward Caesar, and accords welardly credible that if
Catullus lived during the exciting years that followed
55 B.C., the only
indication of his new feeling toward Caesar should be
the referencemost satisfactory conclusion is that
death came within a short time after the close of 55 B.C., and anticipated all
hoped-for activities (cf., however, § 50).
so-called renewal of the triumvirate at Luca, and Caesar
appeared to have won everything. In accordance with the
agreement made at the Luca conference, Pompey and Crassus
were consuls a second time for the
year 55, and the senatorial party was at
its wits' end. Catullus was apparently not an active
political worker, but he did not hesitate to join his
political friends in personal attacks upon the foe.
Perhaps hibehalf was
that his personality should be thereafter thinly veiled
under the pseudonym Mentula.
40. But Caesar was not to profit greatly from his new
ally. Up to the end of the year 55
B.C. Catullus displays only hostility to
Caesar and the Caesarians. The reconciliation
apparently took place at the house of the father of
Catullus at Verona during the winter visit of the
governor to the near
70) may well have been on the staff of a
provincial governor, - probably about 60 B.C., as the reference to Lesbia
indicates (cf c. 13.11 n.).
70. The Piso unfavorably commented upon in cc. 28 and 47 (cf. § 68) is probably L.
Calpurnius Piso Caesoninus, consul in 58 B.C. (the year of Cicero's exile), and
governor of Macedonia, where he made an honorable
record. After his return to Rome in 55 B.C. he attempted to reply
to certain strictures of Cicero uttered in his absence,
and drew down upon himself the overwhelming invective
power of his adversary in the famous speech In Pisonem, in which
the whole life, character, and actions of Piso were
held up to undeserved obloquy.
71. The service of Catullus on the staff of C. Memmius,
governor of Bithynia, has already been discussed