sing Caesar's praises unreservedly, though he might have
done so had he lived longer; but he has already yielded from
his earlier position ofunmixed censure.
monimenta: the places
mentioned are themselves the reminders of Caesar's
Rhine is so
styled since it was the boundary of Caesar's great
conquests, and not with reference to his passage of the
river from Gaul
into Germany (cf.
Caes. B. G. 4.16 ff.)
horribile aequor: the
proverbially rough English channel.
ultimos: cf. Catul. 29.4
Hor. Carm. 1.35.29
serves iturum Caesarem in ultimos
Verg. Ecl. 1.66
penitus toto divisos orbe
The preliminary invasion of Britain took place in the
late summer of 5
ultima Britannia: cf.
11.11n. Caesar took command in Gaul in 58 B.C., and the
first entry into Britain was made in the summer of 55 (cf.
Caes. BG 4.20ff.). On
et ille: etc. i.e.
shall he come back to Italy newly enriched from the conquests in
carry on more insolently than ever his life of debauchery?
series of prima … secunda
… inde tertia; reports have just
arrived of the completed conquest of Gaul and of the invasion
of Britain, and the
same fate now threatens them that befell former conquests,
in 56 B.C., in
accordance with which Pompey and Crassus were this year
consuls, with the government of Spain and Syria respectively to follow, while Caesar
had just had his command in Gaul extended for five years.
43), their literary
pretensions (c. 105 with
c. 57.7), and their
licentiousness (cc. 94 and
115.7-8 with cc. 29.7-8 and 57) - These latter
indications, however, but support that of c. 29.13, and would not
independently establish the identity.
74. A sufficient biography of Mamurra is given by Pliny
(N. H. XXXVI.
6.48), who says he was an eques of Formiae and praefectus fabrum of Caesar in
quotes Nepos as authority for the statement that
Mamurra first of the Romans incrusted the entire walls
of his house on the Caelian with marble, and had within
it none but solid marble columns. Cicero, too, mentions
Mamurra's ill-gotten wealth (Att. VII. 7.6), and in Att.XIII. 52. 1
(written in 45 B.C.) refers to
the calm way in which Caesar received news of his death
(so Nipperdey interprets the allusion). The conne
and introductory note to
c. 4) - at any rate to continue his merry
life at Rome,
apparently without great pecuniary embarrassment. All
these indications point to no financial inability or
niggardliness on the part of his father. Possibly the
villas, and an increase of income, came to him upon the
death of his brother.
11. Whether Catullus, like Horace, was accompanied to
his father is doubtful. On the whole, it seems hardly
probable that he was. To say nothing of the
considerations possibly connected with the interests of
the elder son, the father was apparently resident in
at the time when Julius Caesar was governor of
(Suet. Iul. 73),
and this fact may indicate that at no time was the
family home at Verona broken up in favor of a new
one at Rome.