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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, ATRIUM VESTAE (search)
i. A. 502-504; DR 275-293. All previous work has been superseded by Dr. Esther B. Van Deman's The Atrium Vestae, Washington, the Carnegie Institution, 1909). Cf. also ASA 154, 155; HFP 46-48. These excavations show some remains of the republican atrium, that is, the house of the Vestals, immediately south of the temple, adjoining the domus Publica on the east, with the same north and south orientation. This indicates the antiquity of both, though almost no remains earlier than the second century B.C. are now visible. They consist of a small court with rows of rooms on the south and west sides, with walls and pavements still visible at some points under the north-west corner of the latest building; that of the court is a lithostroton pavement of the Sullan period (JRS 1922, 29). The domus Publica seems to have been larger than the house of the Vestals, and to have occupied all the space between the Sacra via and the earlier Nova via. Its remains, forming virtually a part of the ori
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CAMPUS MARTIUS (search)
lla, under the financial pressure of the impending war with Mithridates, was the first to sell any part of this public domain to private owners, although the name prata Flaminia (vid. sup.) seems to indicate some private ownership at a very early date. It is probable, however, that these prata had become public property but retained their original name. There are further indications of the encroachment by individuals on the boundaries of the campus in the first or possibly the second century B.C., such as the suburb called AEMILIANA (q.v.), just outside the porta Carmentalis, and perhaps a villa and gardens of the elder Scipio (Cic. de nat. deor. ii. 11; Phil. ii. 109; Cass. Dio lvi. 1: e)s to\ proa/teion a)pa/nthsas). Private houses did not begin to multiply to any extent (cf. Cic. ad Att. xiii. 33) before the time of the empire, but they became fairly numerous, for the Regionary Catalogue lists 2777 insulae and 140 domus in Region IX. From the beginning the campus Ma
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, COMITIUM (search)
d could be observed (ib. xxxiv. 45); and when it is spoken of as tectum (ib. xxvii. 36), this only means that awnings were spread over it (cf. Plin. NH xix. 23). Its site was conjecturally fixed as early as 1870 (Jord. i. 2. 318, n. 3), but certainty was only reached when the CURIA IULIA (q.v.) was correctly identified. For comitium and curia were connected through all time (Liv. xlv. 24. 12:comitium vestibulum curiae). The comitium was the political centre of ancient Rome until the second century B.C. Macrob. (Sat. iii. 16. 15) refers to the administration of justice as still going on there in 161 B.C., though the tribes usually voted in the forum. In 145 B.C. the tribune C. Licinius Crassus was the first, we are told, to lead the legislative assembly of the people from the comitium to the forum (Cic. Lael. 25, 96; Varro, RR i. 2. 9; cf. Plaut. Curc. 400 ff.), and Plutarch must be wrong in attributing the step to Gaius Gracchus (5). The republican comitium was a templum or inaugura
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, FORUM HOLITORIUM (search)
f the Capitoline hill, and it extended north-west across the present Piazza Montanara. On the west and south-west it probably extended originally to the river, but was afterwards diminished in area and practically enclosed by four temples, erected in foro holitorio, to PIETAS, IANUS, SPES and IUNO SOSPITA (qq. vv.), and the theatre of Marcellus. The ruins of three of these temples exist beneath the church of S. Nicola in Carcere (for restorations, see D'Esp. Mon. ii. 128-129). By the second century B.C. the forum had been paved, and considerable fragments of its pavement of travertine have been found between S. Nicola in Carcere and a wall of peperino that crosses the Piazza Montanara, for a distance of about 90 metres (BC 1875, 173). The details given as to this wall are insufficient; but it is noticeable that Lanciani omits it in LF 28 ; cf. BC 1917, 168 sqq. and pl. xiv., xv., where he deals further with the porticus in vicolo della Bufala. This peperino wall perhaps marks the nor
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, LACUS CURTIUS (search)
the swamp in the centre of the forum was called lacus Curtius from the Sabine Mettius Curtius who rode his horbe into it when hard pressed by the Romans and escaped (Liv. i. 12. 9, 13. 5; Varro, LL v. 149; Dionys. ii. 42; xiv. 11; Plut. Rom. 18). This is the story that is represented on a relief, found in 1553 between the column of Phocas and the temple of Castor and preserved in the Palazzo dei Conservatori (Museo Mussolini), which is itself a late copy of an original of perhaps the second century B.C. (Mitt. 1902, 322-329; S. Sculpt. 324-326; SScR 316-318; Cons. 36). For the inscription on the other side, see TRIBUNAL PRAETORIS. According to the third explanation the lacus was simply a spot of ground that had been struck by lightning and then enclosed by a stone curb, or puteal, by C. Curtius, consul in 445 B.C. (Varro, LL. v. 150). In the time of Augustus the lacus Curtius, siccas qui sustinet aras, was no longer a lacus but dry ground (Ov. Fast. vi. 403-4), and into it a smal
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PAGUS MONTANUS (search)
PAGUS MONTANUS a name occurring in one inscription (CIL i². 591=vi. 3823=31577) on a travertine cippus that was found in situ behind the tribune of the church of S. Vito on the Esquiline. This inscription (a fragment of a senatus consultum belonging to the second century B.C.) seems to show that this part of the Esquiline, outside the Servian wall, was then still organised as a pagus. Montanus is usually explained as equivalent to Esquilinus (HJ 265, and references there cited). Cf. also OPPIUS MON
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, PONS AEMILIUS (search)
ood of 1557 (cf. M61. 1906, 189-193) and repaired by Gregory XIII (III. 37). In 1598 the eastern half was carried away, and in 1887 two of the three remaining arches were removed, so that only one now stands in midstream. Recent investigation has shown that the ancient pier of this arch is not the earliest, as the remains of the abutment are earlier and belong to a bridge slightly further north which crossed the river at a slightly different angle. This was therefore the bridge of the second century B.C. and the existing arch and pier belong to a second structure, probably that of Augustus (Delbrfick, op. cit. i. 12-22 ; ii. taf. 2 ; Richter, Befestigung d. Ianiculums 18-20; Jord. i. I. 409-414; 420-421; RE i. 593; M61. 1906, 180-181, 189-193 ; Gilb. iii. 257-260 ; Ber. d. sachs. Gesell. 1850, 320-326; Besnier 128-130; BC 1914, 390; DuP 58, and fig. 31; TF 139-141). Cf. Ill. 32: and see FORNIX AUGUSTI. For a viaduct on the road leading from the bridge to the Janiculum, cf. VIA AURELI
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, REGIA (search)
rth and south, of the area of the regia was about 27 metres, and the least about 12 metres. The court was paved with slabs of marble, and in it are two wells and a cistern, which may date from a very early time, though Frank assigns the greater age to the main (trapezoidal) building, and contained fragments of various kinds. Near the cistern is a base of tufa blocks, with traces of a circular superstructure. To this may belong the round block of peperino with the inscription A. COVRI (second century B.C.). A fragment of a puteal was also found, bearing the name REGIA (CIL ij. 1007, 1008). At the south-west end of the marble building is a small room, and near this in the wall was found the inscription (NS 1899, 128) of the SCHOLA KALATORUM (q.v.), but no identification of any of the existing divisions of the ruins with any of the parts of the ancient regia mentioned in classical literature is possible. In the seventh or eighth century the regia was transformed into a private house, t
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TIBERIS (search)
lent river and much subject to floods, which have always been a source of great danger to the city. No less than 132 inundations have been recorded (BC 1895, 283-300, for the mediaeval and Renaissance periods). Julius Caesar had a scheme for cutting a new channel a Ponte Mulvio secundum montes Vaticanos; see CAMPUS VATICANUS (Cic. ad Att. xiii. 33. 4; HJ 493-494). The cura Tiberis under the republic was in the hands of the censors. Protecting walls were built at least as early as the second century B.C. (see CLOACA MAXIMA, and cf. BC 1889, 165-172; Mitt. 1889, 285), and we have nineteen of the terminal stones erected by P. Servilius Isauricus and M. Valerius Messalla in 54 B.C. (CIL vi. 31540 a.p, gives fifteen; and four more have since come to light (BC 1897, 62, 275; 1906, 117; NS 1896, 524; 1897, 10, 252; 1906, 207). All of them are given in CIL i². 766, a-t). They extend from the Pons Mulvius, at the second mile of the via Flaminia, downstream as far as the Almo on the left bank
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, TRIBUNAL PRAETORIS (search)
TRIBUNAL PRAETORIS the judgment seat of the praetor, always apparently a movable wooden platform, which stood originally on the comitium (Liv. xxvii. 50. 9; Jord. i. I. 499-500; Mommsen, Jahrb. des. Gem. d. Rechts vi. 389 ff., Jurist. Schriften, iii. 319-326). See also Staatsrecht i. 399, 400; iii. 383 (cf. xii. n. I). It was transferred to the forum at some later date, perhaps about the middle of the second century B.C., and set up sometimes at least near the PUTEAL LIBONIS (q.v.) and the arcus Fabianus (Porphyr. ad Hor. Epist. i. 19. 8; Jord. i. 2. 402-403). In the travertine pavement of the Augustan age in front of the column of Phocas are the matrices of the bronze letters, 30 centimetres high, of an inscription-L. Naevius L. [f. Sur]dinus pr. This is the same inscription that is found on the back of the archaistic relief of Mettius Curtius (S. Sculp. 324-326; SScR 316; Cons. 36)-L. Naevius L. f. Surdinus pr[aetor] inter civis et peregrinos (CIL vi. 1468). Naevius was triumvi
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