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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 37 37 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 8 8 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 7 7 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography (ed. H.C. Hamilton, Esq., W. Falconer, M.A.) 3 3 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
Sulpicia, Carmina Omnia (ed. Anne Mahoney) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome. You can also browse the collection for 31 BC or search for 31 BC in all documents.

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Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, APOLLO PALATINUS, AEDES (search)
is temple (CIL vi. name. 32323, 32, 139, a. 17 B.C.; 32327, 7, 23, a. 203 A.D.), and it is mentioned incidentally by Tacitus (Hist. i. 27; iii. 65) and in Hist. Aug. Claud. 4 in connection with a meeting of the senate. It is mentioned in the Notitia (Reg. X), but was burned down on 18th March, 363 (Amm. xxiii. 3. 3) Besides Palatinus, the usual epithet of the god worshipped in this temple we find navalis (Prop. iv. 1. 3), Actius Applied because Augustus attributed the victory of Actium (31 B.C.) to the intervention of Apollo. (ib. iv. 6. 67), Actiacus (Ov. Met xiii. 715), and Rhamnusius (Not. Reg. X; for explanations of this name see Rosch. iv. 88). The facade of the original temple was Ionic, if Richmond cit. is right; while it was restored in the Corinthian order by Domitian, if a relief in the Uffizi is correctly interpreted (PBS iii. 241 sqq.; JRS iv. 217-218). The site of the temple has been much discussed. Three main theories have been brought forward, according to which
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CERES LIBER LIBERAQUE, AEDES (search)
bronze statue of Ceres, said to have been the first made in Rome, which was paid for out of the confiscated property of Sp. Cassius (Liv. ii. 41. 10; Plin. NH xxxiv. 15); and a painting of Bacchus (and Ariadne ?) that was brought from Corinth by Mummius (Plin. NH xxxv. 24, 99; Strabo viii. 381; cf. Merlin 162). Twice it was struck by lightning (Liv. xxviii. 11. 4; App. BC i. 78), and twice it is mentioned in connection with prodigies (Liv. xl. 2. 2; xli. 28. 2). It was burned down in 31 B.C., restored by Augustus, and dedicated by Tiberius in 17 A.D. (Cass. Dio 1. 10; Tac. Ann. ii. 49; Merlin, 366- 367; CIL vi. 9969), and was standing in the fourth century (Not. Reg. XI). The site of the temple was near the west end of the circus on the Aventine side, but how far up the slope is not certain-perhaps near the junction of the modern Vicolo di S. Sabina and Via S. Maria in Cosmedin (Dionys. vi. 94; Liv. xl. 2. 1; DAP 2. vi. 238-239; Merlin 93-95, and literature cited there; B
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, CIRCUS MAXIMUS (search)
ituta erant). This passage seems to mean that Caesar lengthened the circus and removed the goals temporarily, but does not justify the conclusion (HJ 123) that up to this time there had been no permanent section of the spina. In 33 B.C. Agrippa placed on the spina seven dolphins, probably of bronze, which served with the ova to indicate the laps of the races (Cass. Dio xlix. 43. 2). How extensive and how permanent the circus had become before the Augustan period, it is impossible to say. In 31 B.C. a fire destroyed a considerable part of it (Cass. Dio 1. 10. 3). Augustus himself records only the construction or restoration of the pulvinar ad circum maximum (Mon. Anc. iv. 4), a sort of box on the Palatine side of the circus from which the imperial family could view the games, but Cassiodorus attributes to him much more (Var. iii. 51. 4: mundi dominus ad potentiam suam opus extollens mirandam etiam Romanis fabricam in vallem Murciam tetendit Augustus). Pliny, on the other hand, speaks v
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, VALERII, DOMUS (search)
fterwards occupied by the temple of Vica Pota (Liv. loc. cit.). According to a variant tradition, a house sub Veliis (Asc. in Pison. 52, ubi aedes Victoriae=Vicae Potae), or in Velia (Cic. de Har. resp. 16), was given to Valerius as a special honour (cf. Plin. NH xxxvi. 112, where there is no indication of site), or on the Palatine (Dionys. v. 39). The body of P. Valerius is also said to have been buried in a sepulchre given by the stateu(p) *ou)eli/as (Dionys. v. 48; cf. Cic. de legg. ii. 58; Plut. Popl. 23; Quaest. Rom. 79), and fragments of elogia of two members of the family, M. Valerius Messala Niger, consul in 69 B.C., and M. Valerius Messala Corvinus, consul in 31 B.C., have been found behind the basilica of Constantine, where they had probably been carried from their original position (CIL i². pp. 190, 20 ; vi. 31618; EE iii. I-4). It is probable that the variants under (2) and (3) refer to one house, on the western slope of the Velia, where the sepulchre was also located.
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IANUS, AEDES (search)
, 1903; for divergent views see ZA 238-248; TF 126-130). It may be remarked, in regard to the latter's theory, that the order of the last two temples should be reversed, and that, while it may require some explanation that the temple of Janus was not also damaged by the fire of 213, it is even more difficult to suppose that the central temple was fitted in the space between two smaller temples already in existence. In pursuance of this theory, Frank assigns the southern temple in its present form to a restoration of 31 B.C. The central temple he dates about 90 B.C. See Gott. Gel. Anz. 1903, 556; 1904, 56 ; Delbrick, Hellenistische Bauten, ii. 43; RE Suppl. iii. 1183; and cf. PORTA CARMENTALIS. For restorations, see D'Esp. Mon. ii. 128-129. It should be noted that the name of the church (in Carcere) was only changed to in Carcere Tulliano in the fourteenth century, owing to an erroneous identification. The career was really that of Byzantine times (LPD i. 515, n. 13; ii. 295, n. 12).
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, IUPPITER FERETRIUS, AEDES (search)
4206-8) struck by P. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus (RE iv. 1390) about 44 B.C., represents Marcellus, the conqueror of Viridomarus and Syracuse, standing on the high stylobate of a rectangular tetrastyle temple with the spolia opima in his hand. The columns support an entablature with plain pediment. This undoubtedly represents the actual structure before Augustus, but it had been sadly neglected and had even lost its roof. At the suggestion of Atticus, Augustus restored it, probably about 31 B.C. (Nep. Att. 20. 3:ex quo accidit, cum aedes Iovis Feretri in Capitolio ab Romulo constituta vetustate atque incuria detecta prolaberetur, ut Attici admonitu Caesar ear reficiendam curaret; Mon. Anc. iv. 5; Liv. iv. 20. 7). To Augustus it seems that the right of depositing spoils that should be regarded as spolia opima was then granted (Cass. Dio. xliv. 4. 3). Dionysius, writing almost certainly after Augustus' restoration, says (ii. 34):e)/ti ga\r au)tou= sw/|zetai to\ a)raxai=on I)/xnos, a
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, SPES, AEDES (search)
f Spes is to be read here instead of Fides) ; Tac. Ann. ii. 49; HJ 508-509; Rosch. iv. 1296). It was struck by lightning in 218 B.C. (Liv. xxi. 62. 4), burned in 213 and restored the following year by a special commission (Liv. xxv. 7. 6; cf. xxiv. 47. 15-16), and burned again in 31 (Cass. Dio 1. 10. 3:nao\s )*elpi/dos). Germanicus dedicated the temple in 17 A.D. (Tac. Ann. ii. 49), necessarily after a restoration, but it is altogether improbable that Augustus failed to repair the damage of 31 B.C., and it is to him that Frank (who identifies it with the southern temple) attributes the existing structure. In 179 B.C. M. Fulvius built a porticus post Spei a Tiberi ad aedem APOLLINIS MEDICI (q.v.)-so the editors: Frank prefers the MS. reading post Spei ad Tiberim, i.e. the temple of Spes near the Tiber (Liv. xl. 5 . 6; cf. DAP 2. vi. 246). The day of dedication was Ist August (Fast. Arv. Vall. Ant. ap. NS 1921, 104, ad Kal. Aug., CIL i². p. 214, 240, 248, 323; Praen. NS 1897, 421; EE i
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, Chronological Index to Dateable Monuments (search)
cina restored, 289. 36Regia burnt and rebuilt, 441. Columna rostrata for victory over Sextus Pompeius, 134. Temple of Apollo Palatinus vowed and begun, 16. 34Villa Publica restored, 581. Basilica Aemilia dedicated after restoration, 72. 33Agrippa: restores Cloaca Maxima, 126: repairs aqueducts, 13, 23, 24, 27; places seven dolphins on spina of Circus Maximus, 115. Porticus Octavia restored, 426. 32Theatre of Pompey restored, 516. 32(ca.). Sosius restores Temple of Apollo, 15. 31Temple of Spes burnt and restored (Temple in Forum Holitorium ?), 278. of Ceres, Liber and Libera burnt, 110: Circus Maximus damaged by fire, 115. (ca.). Augustus restores Temple of Jupiter Feretrius, 293. 29-14 A.D.Augustus: he extends Pomerium, 393; reclaims Campus Esquilinus, 91: enlarges the Rostra, 452; Temple of Diana rebuilt, 150; restores Temple of Flora, 209: of Juno Regina, 290: of the Lares, 314: of Minerva on the Aventine, 342: of the Penate