(Cic. pro Arch. 22; Plin. NH vii. I 14; Suet. de poet. 8; Liv. xxxviii. 56).
The statues of Publius and Lucius Scipio are also said to have been
placed in the tomb (Liv. loc. cit.).
As the Scipios regularly followed the practice of inhumation and not
cremation (Cic. de legg. ii. 57), the tomb was filled with sarcophagi,
arranged for the most part in loculi cut in the tufa rock. (It is probable
that there was a quarry here before the tomb was made.) The tomb
was opened early in the seventeenth century, and one sarcophagus,
that of L. Scipio, consul in 259 B.C., was broken and its inscribed lid
removed, but the final excavation of the monument was carried out
in 1780 (Piranesi e Visconti, Monumenti degli Scipioni, Roma 1785
=Visconti, Opere varie, Milan 1827, i. 1-70; Nibby, Roma Antica, ii.
561-575). Many of the sarcophagi were then broken and their contents
scattered (CIL i². pp. 373-375), though Hilsen, to whom the description
of the tomb in CIL cit. is due, considers that much o