-178, 578-580; DAP
2. ix. 424). Repairs by Theodoric are attested by brick stamps (CIL
xv. 1665 b, 27; cf. PAS i. 52-55), as well as by Cassiodorus (Var. ii. 34;
Chron. Min. ii. 160 (500 A.D.); cf. ib. i. 324. 67; ii. 283. 14, if ' moenia '
refers only to the city walls.
One-third of the whole circuit and all the gates are said to have been
destroyed when the city was stormed by Totila, but this is an exaggeration
(Procop. BG iii. 22, 24); it was restored by Belisarius. Chron. Min. ii. 108 (547 A.D.). He also had restored the walls before the siege by
Vitiges (Procop. BG i. 14).
Of the Popes,
Hadrian I and Leo IV (the latter adding the Civitas Leonina) were
especially active in repairing the walls (LPD i. 518, n. 48; ii. 137, 138);
the Roman senate repaired them in 1157 (v. PORTA METROVIA), and
much was done by the Renaissance popes, as their arms show. The
greater part of the circuit remains, except along the river from near
the porta Flaminia to the pons Aurelius on the left bank