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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 48 48 Browse Search
Xenophon, Hellenica (ed. Carleton L. Brownson) 11 11 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 5 5 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 3 3 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, De Officiis: index (ed. Walter Miller) 2 2 Browse Search
Lysias, Speeches 2 2 Browse Search
Isocrates, Speeches (ed. George Norlin) 2 2 Browse Search
Polybius, Histories 2 2 Browse Search
Isaeus, Speeches 2 2 Browse Search
Diodorus Siculus, Library 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 405 BC or search for 405 BC in all documents.

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Adeimantus 2. The son of Leucolophides, an Athenian, was one of the commanders with Alcibiades in the expedition against Andros, B. C. 407. (Xen. Hell. 1.4.21.) He was again appointed one of the Athenian generals after the battle of Arginusae, B. C. 406, and continued in office till the battle of Aegospotami, B. C. 405, where he was one of the commanders, and was taken prisoner. He was the only one of the Athenian prisoners who was not put to death, because he had opposed the decrec for cutting off the right hands of the Lacedaemonians who might be taken in the battle. He was accused by many of treachery in this battle, and was afterwards impeached by Conon. (Xen. Hell. 1.7.1, 2.1.30-32; Paus. 4.17.2, x.. § 5; Dem. de fals. leg. p. 401.; Lys. c. Alc. pp. 143, 21.) Aristophanes speaks of Adeimantus in the "Frogs" (1513), which was acted in the year of the battle, as one whose death was wished for; and he also calls him, apparently out of jest, the son of Leucolophus, that is, "White C
shed his enemies with a handle against him, and he was superseded in his command. (B. C. 406.) Thinking that Athens would scarcely be a safe place for him, Alcibiades went into voluntary exile to his fortified domain at Bisanthe in the Thracian Chersonesus. He collected a band of mercenaries, and made war on the neighbouring Thracian tribes, by which means he considerably enriched himself, and afforded protection to the neighbouring Greek cities. Before the fatal battle of Aegos-Potami (B. C. 405), he gave an ineffectual warning to the Athenian generals. After the establishment of the tyranny of the Thirty (B. C. 404), he was condemned to banishment. Upon this he took refuge with Pharnabazus, and was about to proceed to the court of Artaxerxes, when one night his house was surrounded by a band of armed men, and set on fire. He rushed out sword in hand, but fell, pierced with arrows. (B. C. 404.) According to Diodorus and Ephorus (Diod. 14.11) the assassins were emissaries of Pharna
Alypus (*)/Alu/pos), a sculptor, a native of Sicyon. He studied under Naucydes, the Argive. His age may be fixed from his having executed bronze statues of some Lacedaemonians who shared in the victory of Lysander at Aegospotami. (B. C. 405.) Pausanias also mentions some statues of Olympic victors made by him. (6.1.2, 10.9.4, 6.1.2, 8.3.) [C.P.
Ama'docus 1. King of the Odrysae in Thrace, was a friend of Alcibiades, and is mentioned at the time of the battle of Aegospotami, B. C. 405. (Diod. 13.105.) He and Seuthes were the most powerful princes in Thrace when Xenophon visited the country in B. C. 400. They were, however, frequently at variance, but were reconciled to one another by Thrasybulus, the Athenian commander, in B. C. 390, and induced by him to become the allies of Athens. (Xen. Anab. 7.2.32, 3.16, 7.3, &c., Hell. 4.8.26; Diod. 14.94.) This Amadocus may perhaps be the same as the one mentioned by Aristotle, who, he says, was attacked by his general Seuthes, a Thracian. (Pol. 5.8, p. 182, ed. Göttling.
A'racus (*)/Arakos), Ephor, B. C. 409, (Hell. 2.3.10,) was appointed admiral of the Lacedaemonian fleet in B. C. 405, with Lysander for vice-admiral (e)pistoleu/s), who was to have the real power, but who had not the title of admiral (naua/rxos), because the laws of Sparta did not allow the same person to hold this office twice. (Plut. Lyc. 7; Xen. Hell. 2.1.7; Diod. 13.100; Paus. 10.9.4.) In 398 he was sent into Asia as one of the commissioners to inspect the state of things there, and to prolong the command of Dercyllidas (3.2.6); and in 369 he was one of the ambassadors sent to Athens. (6.5.33, where *)/Arakos should be read instead of *)/Aratos
Arche'stratus 2. A member of the bolh/ at Athens, who during the siege of the city after the battle of Aegospotami, B. C. 405, was thrown into prison for advising capitulation on the terms required by the Spartans. (Xen. Hell. 2.2.15.)
Ariobarza'nes (*)Ariobarza/nhs). 1. The name of three kings or satraps of Pontus. I. Was betrayed by his son Mithridates to the Persian king. (Xen. Cyr. 8.8.4; Aristot. Pol. 5.8.15, ed. Schneid.) It is doubtful whether this Ariobarzanes is the same who conducted the Athenian ambassadors, in B. C. 405, to the sea-coast of Mysia, after they had been detained three years by order of Cyrus (Xen. Hell. 1.4.7), or the same who assisted Antalcidas in B. C. 388. (Id. 5.1.28.) II. Succeeded his father, Mithridates I., and reigned 26 years, B. C. 363-337. (Diod. 16.90.) He appears to have held some high office in the Persian court five years before the death of his father, as we find him, apparently on behalf of the king, sending an embassy to Greece in B. C. 368. (Xen. Hell. 7.1.27.) Ariobarzanes, who is called by Diodorus (15.90) satrap of Phrygia, and by Nepos (Datam. 100.2) satrap of Lydia, Ionia, and Phrygia, revolted from Artaxerxes in B. C. 362, and may be regarded as the founder
Aristander of Paros, was the sculptor of one of the tripods which the Lacedaemonians made out of the spoils of the battle of Aegospotami (B. C. 405), and dedicated at Amyclae. The two tripods had statues beneath them, between the feet : that of Aristander had Sparta holding a lyre; that of Polycleitus had a figure of Aphrodite. (Paus. 3.18.5.) [P.S]
ted by Mr. Hamilton.) Clouds (second edition), failed in obtaining a prize. But Ranke places this B. C. 411, and the whole subject is very uncertain. 419. † Peace (e)n a)/stei). Second prize; Eupolis first. 414. Amphiaraus. (Lenaea.) Second prize. † Birds (e)n a)/stei), second prize; Ameipsias first; Phrynichus third. Second campaign in Sicily. *Gewrgoi/ (?). Exhibited in the time of Nicias. (Plut. Nic. 100.8.) 411. † Lysistrata. † Thesmophoriazusae. During the Oligarchy. 408. † First Plutus. 405. † Frogs. (Lenaea.) First prize; Phrynicus second; Plato third. Death of Sophocles. 392. † Ecclesiazusae. Corinthian war. 388. Second edition of the Plutus. The last two comedies of Aristophanes were the Aeolosicon and Cocalus, produced about B. C. 387 (date of the peace of Antalcidas) by Araros, one of his sons. The first was a parody on the Aeolus of Euripides, the name being compounded of Aeolus and Sicon, a famous cook. (Rheinisches Museum, 1828, p. 50.) The second was probably a
Aristo'teles (*)Aristote/lhs), was one of the thirty tyrants established at Athens in B. C. 404. (Xen. Hell. 2.3.2.) From an allusion in the speech of Theramenes before his condemnation (Xen. Hell. 2.3.46), Aristoteles appears to have been also one of the Four Hundred, and to have taken an active part in the scheme of fortifying Eetionia and admitting the Spartans into the Peiraeeus, B. C. 411. (Thuc. 8.90.) In B. C. 405 he was living in banishment, and is mentioned by Xenophon as being with Lysander during the siege of Athens. (Hell. 2.2.18.) Plato introduces him as one of the persons in the "Parmenides," and as a very young man at the time of the dialogue. [E.
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