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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 61 61 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 11 11 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (ed. L. C. Purser) 8 8 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 6 6 Browse Search
E. T. Merrill, Commentary on Catullus (ed. E. T. Merrill) 3 3 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 2 2 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 2 2 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 47 BC or search for 47 BC in all documents.

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troops, when Pompey fled to Egypt, B. C. 48. He is called by Caesar a man of extraordinary daring, and it was he and L. Septimius who killed Pompey. (Case. B. C. 3.104; Liv. Epit. 104; D. C. 42.4.) He subsequently joined the ennuch Pothinus in resisting Caesar, and having had the command of the whole army entrusted to him by Pothinus, he marched against Alexandria with 20,000 foot and 2000 horse. Caesar, who was at Alexandria, had not sufficient forces to oppose him, and sent ambassadors to treat with him, but these Achillas murdered to remove all hopes of reconciliation. He then marched into Alexandria and obtained possession of the greatest part of the city. Meanwhile, however, Arsinoe, the younger sister of Ptolemy, escaped from Caesar and joined Achillas; but dissensions breaking out between them, she had Achillas put to death by Ganymedes a eunuch, B. C. 47, to whom she then entrusted the command of the forces. (Caes. Civ. 3.108-112; B. Alex. 4; D. C. 42.36-40; Lucan 10.519-523.)
A. Allie'nus 1. A friend of Cicero's, who is spoken of by him in high terms. He was the legate of Q. Cicero in Asia, B. C. 60 (Cic. ad Qu. Fr. 1.1.3), and praetor in B. C. 49. (Ad Att. 10.15.) In the following year, he had the province of Sicily, and sent to Caesar, who was then in Africa, a large body of troops. He continued in Sicily till B. C. 47, and received the title of proconsul. Two of Cicero's letters are addressed to him. (Hirt. Bell. Afr. 2, 34; Cic. Fam. 13.78, 79.) His name occurs on a coin, which has on one side C. CAES. IMP. COS. ITER., and on the other A. ALLIENVS PROCOS.
th we find Antipater both zealously adhering to Hyrcanus, and labouring to ingratiate himself with the Romans. His services to the latter, especially against Alexander son of Aristobulus and in Egypt against Archelaus (B. C. 57 and 56), were favourably regarded by Scaurus and Gabinius, the lieutenants of Pompey; his active zeal under Mithridates of Pergamus in the Alexandrian war (B. C. 48) was rewarded by Julius Caesar with the gift of Roman citizenship; and, on Caesar's coming into Syria (B. C. 47), Hyrcanus was confirmed by him in the high-priesthood, through Antipater's influence, notwithstanding the complaints of Antigonus son of Aristobulus, while Antipater himself was appointed procurator of Judaea. (J. AJ 14.5. §§ 1, 2, 6. §§ 2-4, 8, Bell. Jud. 1.8. §§ 1, 3, 7, 9. §§ 3-5.) After Caesar had left Syria to go against Pharnaces, Antipater set himself to provide for the quiet settlement of the country under the existing government, and appointed his sons Phasaelus and Herod to be g
M. Aqui'nius a Pompeian, who took part in the African war against Caesar. After the defeat of the Pompeians, he was pardoned by Caesar, B. C. 47. (De Bell. Afric. 57, 89.)
Archela'us 3. A son of the preceding, and his successor in the office of high priest of Comana. (Strab. xvii. p.796, xii. p. 558.) In B. C. 51, in which year Cicero was proconsul of Cilicia, Archelaus assisted with troops and money those who created disturbances in Cappadocia and threatened king Ariobarzanes II.; but Cicero compelled Archelaus to quit Cappadocia. (Cic. Fam. 15.4.) In B. C. 47, J. Caesar, after the conclusion of the Alexandrine war, deprived Archelaus of his office of high priest, and gave it to Lycomedes. (Appian, de Bell. Mithr. 121; Hirt. de Bell. Alex. 66.)
Arsi'noe 6. Daughter of Ptolemy XI. Auletes, escaped from Caesar, when he was besieging Alexandria in B. C. 47, and was recognized as queen by the Alexandrians, since her brother Ptolemy XII. Dionysus was in Caesar's power. After the capture of Alexandria she was carried to Rome by Caesar, and led in triumph by him in B. C. 46, on which occasion she excited the compassion of the Roman people. She was soon afterwards dismissed by Caesar, and returned to Alexandria; but her sister Cleopatra persuaded Antony to have her put to death in B. C. 41, though she had fled for refuge to the temple of Artemis Leucophryne in Miletus. (D. C. 42.39, &c., 43.19 ; Caes. Civ. 3.112, B. Alex. 4, 33; Appian, App. BC 5.9, comp. D. C. 48.24.)
Asander 2. A man of high rank in the kingdom of the Bosporus. He first occurs in history as a general of Pharnaces H. of the Bosporus, whose sister Dynamnis was the wife of Asander. In B. C. 47, he revolted against his brother-in-law who had appointed him regent of his kingdom during his war against Cn. Domitius Calvinus. Asander hoped by thus deserting his brother-in-law to win the favour of the Romans, and with their assistance to obtain the kingdom for himself. When, therefore, Pharnaces was defeated by the Romans and took refuge in his own dominions, Asander had him put to death. Asander now usurped the throne, but was unable to maintain himself upon it, for Julius Caesar commanded Mithridates of Pergamus, on whom he conferred the title of king of the Bosporus, to make war upon Asander. (D. C. 42.46-48, 54.24; Appian, Mithruid. 120; Caesar, de Bello Alex. 78.) The results of this undertaking are not mentioned, but if we may believe the authority of Lucian (Macrob. 17) Asander was
A'sclapo a physician of Patrae, in Achaia, who attended on Cicero's freedman, Tiro, during an illness, B. C. 51. (Cic. ad fam. 16.9.) Cicero was so much pleased by his kindness and his medical skill, that he wrote a letter of recommendation for him to Servius Sulpicius, B. C. 47. (13.20.) [W.A.G]
P. Atrius a Roman knight, belonged to Pompey's party, and was taken prisoner by Caesar in Africa, B. C. 47, but his life was spared. (Caes. B. Afr. 68, 89.)
le of Pharsalia. (N. Damasc. l c. 4; Vell. 2.59; Suet. Aug. 94; D. C. 45.2.) From this time his uncle, C. Julius Caesar, devoted as much of his time as his own busy life allowed him to the practical education of his nephew, and trained him for the duties of the public career he was soon to enter upon. Dio Cassius relates that at this time Caesar also brought about his elevation to the rank of a patrician, but it is a well attested fact that this did not take place till three years later. In B. C. 47, when Caesar went to Africa to put down the Pompeian party in that country, Augustus wished to accompany him but was kept back, because his mother thought that his delicate constitution would be unable to bear the fatigues connected with such an expedition. On his return Caesar distinguished him, nevertheless, with military honours, and in his triumph allowed Augustus to ride on horseback behind his triumphal car. In the year following (B. C. 45), when Caesar went to Spain against the sons
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