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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 14 14 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 6 6 Browse Search
Pausanias, Description of Greece 4 4 Browse Search
Aristotle, Metaphysics 1 1 Browse Search
Strabo, Geography 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 23-25 (ed. Frank Gardener Moore, Professor Emeritus in Columbia University) 1 1 Browse Search
Sir Richard C. Jebb, Commentary on Sophocles: Antigone 1 1 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 500 BC or search for 500 BC in all documents.

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Ae'aces 2. The son of Syloson, and the grandson of the preceding, was tyrant of Samos, but was deprived of his tyranny by Aristagoras, when the Ionians revolted from the Persians, B. C. 500. He then fled to the Persians, and induced the Samians to abandon the other Ionians in the sea-fight between the Persians and Ionians. After this battle, in which the latter were defeated, he was restored to the tyranny of Samos by the Persians, B. C. 494. (Hdt. 4.138, 6.13, 14, 25.)
Arista'goras (*)Aristago/ras). 1. Tyrant of Cuma, son of Heracleides, one of the Ionian chiefs left by Dareius to guard the bridge over the Danube. (On the revolt of the Ionians from Persia, B. C. 500, Aristagoras was taken by stratagem and delivered up to his fellow-citizens, who, however, dismissed him uninjured. (Hdt. 4.138, 5.37, 38
Cameri'nus 1. SER. SULPICIUS CAMERINUS CORNUTUS, P. F., consul B. C. 500 with M'. Tullius Longus in the tenth year of the republic. Livy says, that nothing memorable took place in that year, but Dionysius speaks of a formidable conspiracy to restore the Tarquins which was detected and crushed by Camerinus. After the death of his colleague, Camerinus held the consulship alone. Dionysius puts a speech into the mouth of Camerinus respecting a renewal of the league with the Latins in B. C. 496. (Liv. 2.19; Dionys. A. R. 5.52, 55, 57, 6.20 ; Cic. Brut. 16; Zonar. 7.13.)
a very ancient and illustrious family (Hdt. 2.143). According to Suidas, he was a contemporary of Dionysius of Miletus, and lived about the 65th olympiad, i. e. B. C. 520. Hence Larcher and others conclude that he was born about 550, so that in B. C. 500, the time at which he acted a prominent part among the Ionians, he would have been about fifty years old. As Hecataeus further (Suidas, s. v. *(Ella/nikos) survived the Persian war for a short time, he seems to have died about B. C. 476, shortle last-mentioned countries he may have seen little more than the coasts. The time during which he was engaged in these travels cannot be accurately determined, though it must have been previous to the revolt of the lonians, that is, previous to B. C. 500, for after that event the war between the Greeks and Persians, as well as the advanced age of Hecataeus, would have thrown too many difficulties in his way; and it further appears that he was well acquainted with the extent and resources of the
te of Dipoenus and Scyllis is, according to the only account we have of it, about 200 years later. [DIPOENUS.] The difficulty is rather increased than diminished if we substitute for *Le/arxon, in the passage of Pausanias, *Kle/arxon, which is probably the true reading. (See the editions of Schubart and Walz, and Bekker.) In another passage, Pausanias mentions (6.4.2) Clearchus of Rhegium as the instructor of Pythagoras of Rhegium, and the pupil of Eucheirus of Corinth. This Clearchus must therefore have lived about B. C. 500, eighty years later than Dipoenus and Scyllis. Confusion of two figures named Clearchus of Rhegium We must therefore either assume the existence of two Clearchi of Rhegium, one near the beginning, and the other at the end of the Daedalian period, or else we must account for the statement of Pausanias by supposing that, as often happens, a vague tradition affixed the name of a well-known ancient artist to a work whose true origin was lost in remote antiquity.
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Longus, M'. Tu'llius consul, B. C. 500, with Ser. Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus in the tenth year of the republic. For the events of the year see CAMERINUS, No. 1. Tullius died in his year of office. (Liv. 2.19; Dionys. A. R. 5.52; Zonar. 7.13; Cic. Brut. 16.)
*Me/naixmos kai\ *Soi/+das), were the makers of the gold and ivory statue of the Laphrian Artemis, which Pausanias saw in the temple of that goddess in the citadel of Patrae in Achaia, whither it had been removed from Calydon by Augustus. The goddess was represented in the attitude of the chase. The artists were natives of Naupactus, and were supposed to have lived not much later than Canachus of Sicyon and Callon of Aegina. (Paus. 7.18.6. s. 10, 11.) If so, they must have flourished about B. C. 500. [CALLON, CANACHUS.] Pliny quotes among the authorities for his 33d and 34th books, Menaechmus, a writer on the toreutic art, under which designation the chryselephantine statues were included. (Plin. H. N. Elench. xxxiii. xxxiv.) He also mentions (34.8. s. 19.18) a group by Menaechmus, of a calf pressed down by the knee, and with the neck doubled back (no doubt by some one about to sacrifice it, but this Pliny omits); and he adds that Menaechmus wrote upon his art. He does not expressly s
Pra'tinas (*Prati/nas). one of the early tragic poets who flourished at Athens at the beginning of the fifth century, B. C., and whose combined efforts brought the art to its perfection, was a native of Phlius, and was therefore by birth a Dorian. His father's name was Pyrrhonides or Encomius. It is not stated at what time he went to Athens, but we find him exhibiting there, in competition with Choerilus and Aeschylus, about Ol. 70, B. C. 500-499. (Suid. s.v. *Ai)sxu/los, *Prati/nas.) Of the two poets with whom he then contended, Choerilus had already been twenty years before the public, and Aeschylus now appeared, for the first time, at the age of twentyfive ; Pratinas, who was younger than the former, but older than the latter, was probably in his full vigour at this very period. The step in the progress of the art, which was ascribed to Pratinas, is very distinctly stated by the ancient writers; it was the separation of the satyric from the tragic drama (Suid. s.v. prw=tos e)/gr
ore convenient carrying of burdens (D. L. 9.53; comp. Frei, l.c. p. 6, &c.). Moreover, whether Protagoras was, as later ancient authorities assumed (D. L. 9.50; Clem. Alex. Strom. i. p. 301d., &c.), a disciple of Democritus, with whom in point of doctrine he had absolutely nothing in common, is very doubtful, and Frei (l.c. p. 24, &c.) has undertaken to show that Protagoras was some twenty years older than Democritus. If, in fact, Anaxagoras, as is confirmed in various ways, was born about B. C. 500, and was forty years older than Democritus, according to the latter's own statement (D. L. 9.41; comp. 34), Protagoras must have been older than Democritus, as it is certain that Protagoras was older than Socrates, who was born B. C. 468 (Plat. Protag. p. 317c., 314, b., 361, e.; comp. D. L. 9.42, 56), and died before him at the age of nearly seventy (Plat. Meno, p. 91e.; comp. Theaet. p. 171d., 164, e., Euthlyd. p. 286c.; the assumption of others, that he reached the age of ninety years,
Sillax (*Si/llac), a painter, of Rheginm, flourished about B. C. 500, since he was mentioned by Simonides and Epicharmus. He adorned with his paintings the Polemarchian portico (th\n polema/rxeion stoa/n) at Phlius. (Polemo, apud Ath. v. p. 210b.; Simon, Fr. ccxxii. Schneidewin.) [P.
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