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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 83 83 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 13 13 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Epistulae ad Familiares (ed. L. C. Purser) 13 13 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 4 4 Browse Search
Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 3 3 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 2 2 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 2 2 Browse Search
Titus Livius (Livy), Ab Urbe Condita, books 5-7 (ed. Benjamin Oliver Foster, Ph.D.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, G. L. Kittredge, Select Orations of Cicero , Allen and Greenough's Edition. 1 1 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith). You can also browse the collection for 51 BC or search for 51 BC in all documents.

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Anna'lis 2. L. Villius Annalis, praetor in B. C. 43, was proscribed by the triumvirs, and betrayed to death by his son. He is probably the same as the L. Villius L. F. Annalis mentioned in a letter of Caelius to Cicero, B. C. 51. (ad Fam. 8.8.) His son was killed shortly afterwards in a drunken brawl by the same soldiers who had killed his father. (Appian, App. BC 4.17; V. Max. 9.11.6.)
M. Anneius legate of M. Cicero during his government in Cilicia, B. C. 51. Anneius appears to have had some pecuniary dealings with the inhabitants of Sardis, and Cicero gave him a letter of introduction to the praetor Thermus, that the latter might assist him in the matter. In Cicero's campaign against the Parthians in B. C. 50, Anneius commanded part of the Roman troops. (Cic. Fam. 13.55, 57, 15.4.)
opinion. (Clinton, F.H. iii. p. 343.) This king is first mentioned about B. C. 69, in the campaign of Lucullus against Tigranes. (Dio Cass. Frag. 35.2.) After Pompey had deposed Antiochus Asiaticus, the last king of Syria, B. C. 65, he marched against Antiochus of Commagene, with whom he shortly afterwards concluded a peace. (B. C. 64.) Pompey added to his dominions Seleuceia and the conquests he had made in Mesopotamia. (Appian, App. Mith. 106, 114.) When Cicero was governor of Cilicia (B. C. 51), he received from Antiochus intelligence of the movements of the Parthians. (Cic. Fam. 15.1, 3, 4.) In the civil war between Caesar and Pompey (B. C. 49), Antiochus assisted the latter with troops. (Caesar, Caes. Civ. 3.5; Appian, App. BC 2.49.) In B. C. 38, Ventidius, the legate of M. Antonius, after conquering the Parthians, marched against Antiochus, attracted by the great treasures which this king possessed; and Antonius, arriving at the army just as the war was commencing, took it int
Archela'us 3. A son of the preceding, and his successor in the office of high priest of Comana. (Strab. xvii. p.796, xii. p. 558.) In B. C. 51, in which year Cicero was proconsul of Cilicia, Archelaus assisted with troops and money those who created disturbances in Cappadocia and threatened king Ariobarzanes II.; but Cicero compelled Archelaus to quit Cappadocia. (Cic. Fam. 15.4.) In B. C. 47, J. Caesar, after the conclusion of the Alexandrine war, deprived Archelaus of his office of high priest, and gave it to Lycomedes. (Appian, de Bell. Mithr. 121; Hirt. de Bell. Alex. 66.)
O*U. Pallas is represented holding a small statue of Victory in her right hand. II. Surnamed Philopator (*Filopa/twr), according to coins, succeeded his father B. C. 63. The time of his death is not known; but it must have been previous to B. C. 51, in which year his son was reigning. He appears to have been assassinated, as Cicero (Cic. Fam. 15.2) reminds the son of the fate of his father. Cicero also mentions this Ariobarzanes in one of his orations. (De Prov. Cons. 4.) It appears, from an inscription, that his wife, as well as his father's, was named Athenais. III. Surnamed Eusebes and Philoromaeus (*Eu)sebh\s kai\ *Filorw/maios), according to Cicero (Cic. Fam. 15.2) and coins, succeeded his father not long before B. C. 51. (Cic. l.c.) While Cicero was in Cilicia, he protected Ariobarzanes from a conpiracy which was formed against him, and established him in his kingdom. (Ad Fam. 2.17, 15.2, 4, 5, ad Att. 5.20; Plut. Cic. 36.) It appears from Cicero that Ariobarzanes was ve
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), or Orodes I. (search)
ther of the preceding, was the Parthian king, whose general Surenas defeated Crassus and the Romans, in B. C. 53. [CRASSUS.] The death of Crassus and the destruction of the Roman army spread universal alarm through the eastern provinces of the Roman empire. Orodes, becoming jealous of Surenas, put him to death, and gave the command of the army to his son Pacorus, who was then still a youth. The Parthians, after obtaining possession of all the country east of the Euphrates, entered Syria, in B. C. 51, with a small force, but were driven back by Cassius. In the following year (B. C. 50) they again crossed the Euphrates with a much larger army, which was placed nominally under the command of Pacorus, but in reality under that of Osaces, an experienced general. They advanced as far as Antioch, but unable to take this city arched against Antigoneia, near which they were defeated by Cassius. Osaces was killed in the battle, and Pacorus thereupon withdrew from Syria. (D. C. 40.28, 29; Cic. At
called by the Armenian historians, Artawazt. 1. King of the Greater Armenia, succeeded his father Tigranes I(II). In the expedition of Crassus against the Parthians, B. C. 54, Artavasdes was an ally of the Romans; but when Orodes, the king of Parthia, invaded Media, and Artavasdes was unable to obtain assistance from the Romans, he concluded a peace with the Parthian king, and gave his sister or daughter in marriage to Pacorus, the son of Orodes. When Pacorus subsequently invaded Syria, in B. C. 51, Artavasdes threatened a descent upon Cappadocia; and Cicero, who was then governor of Cilicia, made preparations to meet him; but the defeat of Pacorus put a stop to his designs. (Plut. Crass. 19, 21, 22, 33; D. C. 40.16; Cic. Att. 5.20, 21, ad Fam. 15.2, 3.) We next hear of Artavasdes in Antony's campaign against the Parthians in B. C. 36. Artavasdes joined the Romans, as he wished to injure his namesake Artavasdes, king of Media, with whom he was at enmity. He accordingly persuaded Ant
A'sclapo a physician of Patrae, in Achaia, who attended on Cicero's freedman, Tiro, during an illness, B. C. 51. (Cic. ad fam. 16.9.) Cicero was so much pleased by his kindness and his medical skill, that he wrote a letter of recommendation for him to Servius Sulpicius, B. C. 47. (13.20.) [W.A.G]
Athenaeus 5. A Cappadocian, who had been banished at the instance of queen Athenais, but through the influence of Cicero was restored, B. C. 51. (Cic. Fam. 15.4.) [C.P.M]
Cae'lius 6. C. Caelius, tribune of the plebs, B. C. 51, put his veto with several of his colleagues upon the decrees of the senate directed against Caesar (Cael. apud Cic. ad Fam. 8.8.)
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