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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith) 51 51 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 6 6 Browse Search
M. Tullius Cicero, Letters to Atticus (ed. L. C. Purser) 5 5 Browse Search
C. Julius Caesar, Gallic War 2 2 Browse Search
Samuel Ball Platner, Thomas Ashby, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome 2 2 Browse Search
Frank Frost Abbott, Commentary on Selected Letters of Cicero 1 1 Browse Search
J. B. Greenough, Benjamin L. D'Ooge, M. Grant Daniell, Commentary on Caesar's Gallic War 1 1 Browse Search
Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (ed. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.) 1 1 Browse Search
M. Annaeus Lucanus, Pharsalia (ed. Sir Edward Ridley) 1 1 Browse Search
Appian, The Civil Wars (ed. Horace White) 1 1 Browse Search
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A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
ridatic war. As he had sung the Cimbric war in honour of Marius, so now he wrote a poem on this war, which he had witnessed (100.9), in honour of Lucullus. We do not hear whether he finished his poem in honour of Cicero's consulship (100.11); in B. C. 61, when he was already old, he had not begun it (ad Att. 1.16); or whether he ever published his intended Caeciliana, in honour of Metellus Pius. He wrote many epigrams : it is still disputed, whether any of those preserved under his name in the Anthologia were really his writings. (Comp. Ilgent, Opuscula, ii. p. 46; Clinton, iii. p. 452, note k.) These are all of little merit. In B. C. 61, a charge was brought against him, probably at the instigation of a party opposed to his patrons, of assuming the citizenship illegally, and the trial came on before Q. Cicero, who was praetor this year. (Schol. Bob. p. 354, ed. Orelli.) Cicero pleaded his cause in the speech by which the name of Archias has been preserved. " If he had no legal right,
A'xius 2. Q. Axius, an intimate friend of Cicero and Varro, the latter of whom has introduced him as one of the speakers in the third book of his de Re Rustica. (Comp. Cic. Att. 3.15, 4.15.) Suetonius quotes (Caes. 9) from one of Cicero's letters to Axius, and Gellius speaks (7.3) of a letter which Tiro, the freedman of Cicero, wrote to Axius, the friend of his patron. Axius wasamanof wealth, and was accustomed to lend money, if at least the Axius to whom Cicero talked of applying in B. C. 61 (ad Att. 1.12), is the same as the above. In B. C. 49, however, we find that Axius was in Cicero's debt. (ad Att. 10.11, 13, 15.)
indignant that a man of Gades should be preferred to them. Among other presents which Pompey made him, we read of a grant of land for the purpose of pleasure-grounds. But Balbus was too prudent to confine himself to only one patron; he early paid court to Caesar, and seems to have entirely ingratiated himself into his favour during Pompey's absence in Asia in prosecution of the Mithridatic war. From this time, he became one of Caesar's most intimate friends, and accompanied him to Spain in B. C. 61, in the capacity of praefectus fabrum, when Caesar went into that province after his praetorship. Soon after his return to Rome, the first triumvirate was formed, B. C. 60; and though he was ostensibly the friend both of Pompey and Caesar, he seems to have attached himself more closely to the interests of the latter than of the former. On Caesar's departure to Gaul in B. C. 58, Balbus again received the appointment of praefectus fabrum, and from this time to the breaking out of the civil wa
with the people, and was closely connected with Caesar's party. In this year Pompey returned to Rome from the Mithridatic war, and quietly disbanded his army. At the expiration of his praetorship Caesar obtained the province of Further Spain, B. C. 61. But his debts had now become so great, and his creditors so clamorous for payment, that he was obliged to apply to Crassus for assistance before leaving Rome. This he readily obtained; Crassus became surety for him, as did also others of his frrtunity now occurred for accomplishing this object. In their eagerness to obtain the fanning of the public taxes in Asia, the equites, who had obtained the contract, had agreed to pay too large a sum, and had accordingly petitioned the senate in B. C. 61 for more favourable terms. This, however, had been opposed by Metellus Celer, Cato, and others of the aristocracy; and Caesar therefore now brought forward a bill in the comitia to relieve the equities from one-third of the sum which they had ag
Cale'nus 2. Q. Fufius Calenus, Q. F. C. N., son of No. 1, was tribune of the plebs in B. C. 61, and patronized P. Clodius, whom he endeavoured to save from condemnation for his violation of the mysteries of the Bona Dea. With this view he proposed a law, that Clodius should not be tried by special judges, but by the ordinary court. This bill was supported by Q. Hortensius, though he thought it impossible that Clodius should be acquitted. However the law was passed, and Fufius Calenus gained his end. In B. C. 59, he was elected praetor by the influence of Caesar, in whose cause he continued to be very active ever afterwards. In this year he carried a law, that each of the three classes of judges, senators, equites, and tribune aerarii, should give their votes separately, so that it might always be seen in what way each of them voted. Being generally known as the tool of Caesar, he also shared in the hatred which the latter drew upon himself, and was accordingly treated, says Cicero (Ci
A Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology (ed. William Smith), (search)
Calpurnia'nus, M. Pu'pius Piso consul in B. C. 61. [PISO.]
Catugna'tus the leader of the Allobroges in their revolt against the Romans in B. C. 61, defeated Manlius Lentinus, the legate of C. Pomptinus, the praetor of the province, and would have destroyed his whole army but for a violent tempest which arose. Afterwards Catugnatus and his army were surrounded by C. Pomptinus near Solonium, who made them all prisoners with the exception of Catugnatus himself. (D. C. 37.47, 48 ; comp. Liv. Epit. 103; Cic. de Prov. Cons. 13.)
with that corruption which formed one of the most fatal symptoms of the rottenness of the whole social fabric, pronounced him innocent by a majority of voices. (B. C. 61.) Clodius, whose popular talents and utter recklessness rendered him no insignificant enemy, now vowed deadly vengeance against Cicero, whose destruction from thre 10th Dec. [Murena.] ** Contra Concionem Q. Metelli, 3rd Jan., B. C. 62. [METELLUS.] Pro P. Cornelio Sulla, B. C. 62. [SULLA.] ** In Clodium et Curionem, B. C. 61. [See M. TULLIUS.] [Pro A. Licinio Archia. Generally assigned to B. C. 61. [ARCHIAS.] ] Pro Scipione Nasica, B. C. 60. (Ad Att. 2.1.) Pro L. Valerio FlaccoB. C. 61. [ARCHIAS.] ] Pro Scipione Nasica, B. C. 60. (Ad Att. 2.1.) Pro L. Valerio Flacco, B. C. 59. [L. FLACCUS.] Pro A. Minucio Thermo. Twice defended in B. C. 59. [THERMUS.] Pro Ascitio. Before B. C. 56. (Pro Cael. 10.) [RUFUS.] Pro M. Cispio. After B. C. 57. (Pro Planc. 31.) [Post Reditum in Senatu, 5th Sept., B. C. 57.] [Post Reditum ad Quirites, 6th or 7th Sept., B. C. 57.] [Pro Domo sua ad Pontifice
Clau'dia 9. CLODIA [Stemma, No. 43], the youngest sister of P. Clodius, was married to L. Licinius Lucullus, before his election to the consulship in B. C. 74. (Plut. Luc. 21, 34, 38; Varr. R. R. 3.16.1.) After his return from the Mithridatic war, Lucullus separated from her, on account of her infidelity, and in B. C. 61 brought her to trial for an incestuous amour with her brother P. Clodius. (Plut. Luc. 34, 38; Cic. pro Mil. 27, ad Fam. 1.9.)
Cornu'tus 1. C. CORNUTUS, tribune of the plebs in B. C. 61, is described by Cicero as a well-meaning man, and resembling Cato in his character, whence he is called Pseudo-Cato. In 57 he held the office of praetor, and was among those who were active in bringing about the recall of Cicero from exile. (Cic. Att. 1.14, Post. Red. in Sen. 9.)
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