'clock we reached what is known as Marshall's store, near which, until recently, the enemy had a pretty large camp.
Halted at the place half an hour, and then moved four miles further on, where we found the roads impassable for our artillery and transportation.
Learning that the enemy had abandoned Big Springs and fallen back to Huntersville, the soldiers were permitted to break ranks, while Colonel Marrow and Major Keifer, with a company of cavalry, rode forward to the Springs. Colonel Nick Anderson, Adjutant Mitchell and I followed.
We found on the road evidence of the recent presence of a very large force.
Quite a number of wagons had been left behind.
Many tents had been ripped, cut to pieces, or burned, so as to render them worthless.
A large number of beef hides were strung along the road.
One wagon, loaded with muskets, had been destroyed.
All of which showed, simply, that before the rebels abandoned the place the roads had become so bad that they could not carry off
in the telegraphic column to sustain that hope.
The German regiments are said to have behaved badly.
This is, probably, an error.
Germans, as a rule, are reliable soldiers.
This, I think, is Carl Schurz's first battle; an unfortunate beginning for him.
The arrest of Vallandingham, we learn from the newspapers, is creating a great deal of excitement in the North.
I am pleased to see the authorities commencing at the root and not among the branches.
I have just read Consul Anderson's appeal to the people of the United States in favor of an extensive representation of American live stock, machinery, and manufactures, at the coming fair in Hamburg.
Friend James made a long letter of it; and, I doubt not, drank a gallon of good Dutch beer after each paragraph.
The Confederate papers say Streight's command was surrendered to four hundred and fifty rebels.
I do not believe it. The Third Ohio would have whipped that many of the enemy on any field and un
bivouacking on the ground over which the cavalry fought yesterday afternoonquite a number of the dead were discovered in the woods and fields.
We picked up, at Elk river, an order of Brigadier-General Wharton, commanding the troops which have been serving as the rear guard of the enemy's column.
It reads as follows:
Colonel Hamar: Retire the artillery when you think best.
Hold the position as long as you can with your sharpshooters; when forced back, write to Crew to that effect.
Anderson is on your right.
Report all movements to me on this road.
Jn. A. Wharton, Brigadier-General. July 2d, 1863.
I have been almost constantly in the saddle, and have hardly slept a quiet three hours since we started on this expedition.
My brigade has picked up probably a hundred prisoners.
At twelve o'clock, noon, my brigade was ordered to take the advance, and make the top of the Cumberland before nightfall; proceeding four miles, we reached the base of the mountain, a