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Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 1: ancestry. (search)
rnor of Virginia, a section lying under the Cumberland Mountains, projecting between Kentucky and Tennessee, was formed into a separate county and named after him. It has since been divided into two, the eastern portion being called after General Winfield Scott. In 1779 General Lee was elected to Congress, and on the death of General Washington was appointed to deliver an address in commemoration of the services of that great man, in which occurs the famous sentence so often quoted: First in wa his native State in a war which, from the very nature of things, there could be but little hope for a naval officer. Uninfluenced then by hope of either fame or fortune, he sadly parted with the friends and comrades of a lifetime, including General Scott, who had been likewise devoted to him as he was to his brother, and for four years served the Southern Confederacy with the same ardor and energy and unselfishness that he had previously given to the whole country. When the end came he accep
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 2: birth.-career as officer of Engineers, United States army. (search)
able to select as the base of future operations Vera Cruz. General Winfield Scott, then commander in chief of the United States Army, was assarmy to be concentrated for its reduction. The new army commander, Scott, was born near Petersburg, Va., in June, 1786, and was sixty-one yede troops in battle to positions they had previously reconnoitred. Scott soon drew to him from this branch of the service Totten, J. L. Smit once placed Captain Lee on his personal staff. This officer, when Scott was assembling the army at Tampico, for the purpose of investing ad five thousand men under General Morales. The soldierly genius of Scott at once told him there were but two ways to capture the city-eitheinformation thus acquired against each other. The memory of Winfield Scott has not been securely embalmed in the hearts of the people of taited the summons of the trumpet of the Angel of Death. It is true Scott was pompous and vain of a splendid physical appearance, and had a f
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 3: a cavalry officer of the army of the United States. (search)
vast extent of territory and a population of whites numbering about twenty millions in 1855, the cavalry arm of the service consisted of but three regiments. General Scott, in his report of the operations of the army for 1853, first urged that the army be increased by two regiments of dragoons and two regiments of infantry. The r general, and who was then a senator from the State of Illinois, offered a substitute to Hunter's amendment, embodying the views of his former commander in chief, Scott. A protracted debate resulted. Sam Houston, of Texas, and Thomas H. Benton, of Missouri, led the opposition to the measure, the former saying that in the Texas Rreer in Texas and in the Mexican campaign is well known to the whole country. Zachary Taylor said of him that he was the best soldier he had ever commanded, while Scott remarked that his appointment as colonel of the Second Cavalry was a Godsend to the army and country. Captain and Brevet-Colonel R. E. Lee, of the engineers, wa
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 4: War. (search)
tling with this disturbing question at Arlington his old commander, Scott, just across the river, was pleading for him to remain in the servibe worth fifty thousand men to their cause. Probably it was due to Scott that Mr. Lincoln requested Mr. Francis Preston Blair to have an intent directly from the interview with Mr. Blair to the office of General Scott, told him of the proposition that had been made me, and my deci on the second morning thereafter I forwarded my resignation to General Scott. At the time I hoped that peace would have been preserved; thaday following, Lee had a long interview with his old commander, General Scott. On the 20th the die was cast; his Rubicon was crossed, for thund and intense interest the triumphal march of the army led by General Scott, to which you were attached, from Vera Cruz to the capital of M. Lee, from Arlington, May 5, 1861 , sent the following note to General Scott in Washington: my dear General: Hearing that you desire to
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 5: invasion of Virginia. (search)
eds, and his many wounds made him famous. General Scott is reported to have said Johnston is a gresident and his advisers. The day after General Scott's last interview with General Lee he publiall number of the Southern troops. It was General Scott's original plan to make Patterson fight thps had crossed he received a telegram from General Scott ordering him to send to Washington at onced battle of that name. The explanation of General Scott's telegram is to be found in the fact thatcommand it. Up to that time it is said General Scott did not want anything done on the Virginiad should be placed for its protection. Generals Scott and Lee were organizing their respective at. He did so, and the plan was approved by General Scott, the Cabinet, and Generals Sanford, Tyler,condition was pledged, and he was told by General Scott that if Johnston joined Beauregard he shouButler, at Fort Monroe, was protesting against Scott's order to send to Washington his Illinois vol[1 more...]
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 6: the campaign in West Virginia. (search)
h you; you have annihilated two armies commanded by educated and experienced soldiers. The two armies here referred to were the four thousand men under Garnett, and Pegram's small force. In his dispatch of July 12th to the adjutant general at Washington he estimated Garnett's force at ten thousand, beginning at this time a habit of multiplying the number of his enemy by two, which he never afterward abandoned. The success of the campaign, however, had a marked effect upon his future. General Scott telegraphed: The General in Chief, the Cabinet, the President, are charmed with your activity and valor. We do not doubt that you will in due time sweep the rebels from western Virginia, but we do not mean to precipitate you, as you are fast enough. After McDowell's defeat at Manassas, McClellan was selected to command the defenses at Washington, and the day after that battle, while at Beverly, was informed by Adjutant-General Thomas, at Washington, that his presence there without dela
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 7: Atlantic coast defenses.-assigned to duty in Richmond as commander in chief under the direction of the Southern President. (search)
he United States Army, was the senior colonel. Albert Sidney Johnston resigned a colonelcy, General Lee a colonelcy, which he had only held a short time, and Beauregard a captaincy. General Joseph E. Johnston but a short time previous to the outbreak of the war had been a lieutenant colonel of the First Cavalry, United States Army, and was ranked in that army by all the officers named except Beauregard. Upon the death of General Jesup, the quartermaster general shortly before the war, General Scott was asked to recommend an officer to fill the vacancy, and he is reported to have said that if the Secretary of War would put into a hat the names of A. S. Johnston, R. E. Lee, and J. E. Johnston, and one of said names be taken out, a good quartermaster general would be secured. Mr. John B. Floyd, who was the Secretary of War at the time, naturally threw his influence in favor of J. E. Johnston, as he came from his section of Virginia and was a relative, and he received the appointment.
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 8: commands the army defending Richmond, and seven days battles. (search)
perpetual stumbling-stone in the path of the field commanders of the Federal army. His position was a most difficult one to fill. Mr. Lincoln's attention was drawn to him by his past record. Halleck graduated at the United States Military Academy in the class of 1849, and was forty-seven years old when summoned to Washington. Like Lee, McClellan, and Pope, he was an engineer officer, but resigned in 1854 to practice law, and was so engaged in San Francisco, Cal., when the war began. General Scott had a high opinion of his ability. A lawyer, a soldier, and an author, he had written on both military and legal topics. He had many of the qualifications necessary for his trying office. This appointment was made by Mr. Lincoln immediately after a personal inspection of McClellan's army on the James River. On that visit, July 8th, the Northern President ascertained that the Army of the Potomac numbered 86,500 men present and 73,500 absent to be accounted for. The tri-monthly return
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 14: siege of Petersburg. (search)
maining lines of transportation, the Lynchburg or Southside Railroad, and the Danville Railroad at Burkesville, the junction of the two. It was calculated that Lee would largely draw troops from his lines to avert such a disaster, and in that event they could be successfully assailed by the troops on their front. On that day General Lee wrote Mrs. Lee: I have received your note with a bag of socks. I return the bag and receipt. The count is all right this time. I have put in the bag General Scott's autobiography, which I thought you might like to read. The general, of course, stands out very prominently, and does not hide his light under a bushel, but he appears the bold, sagacious, truthful man that he is. I inclose a note for little Agnes. I shall be very glad to see her to-morrow, but can not recommend pleasure trips now. The Southern lines south of James River stretched from the Appomattox below Petersburg along the territory south of the city, then ran in a southwest di
Fitzhugh Lee, General Lee, Chapter 15: evacuation of Richmond and the Petersburg lines.--retreat and surrender. (search)
ue, not a pound of superfluous flesh, ruddy cheeks bronzed by exposure, grave and dignified, he was the focus for all eyes. His demeanor was that of a thoroughly possessed gentleman who had a disagreeable duty to perform, but was determined to get through it as well and as soon as he could without the exhibition of temper or mortification. Generals Lee and Grant had met once, eighteen years before, when both were fighting for the same cause in Mexico-one an engineer officer on the staff of Scott, the commanding general, the other a subaltern of infantry in Garland's brigade. After a pleasant reference to that event, Lee promptly drew attention to the business before them, the terms of surrender were arranged, and at General Lee's request reduced to writing, as follows: Appomattox Court House, Va., April 9, 1865. General: In accordance with the substance of my letter to you of the 8th inst., I propose to receive the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia on the following ter
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