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Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Advance on the City of Mexico-battle of Contreras-assault at Churubusco-negotiations for peace-battle of Molino del Rey-storming of Chapultepec-San Cosme-evacuation of the City-Halls of the Montezumas (search)
from our little gun dropped in upon the enemy and created great confusion. Why they did not send out a small party and capture us, I do not know. We had no infantry or other defences besides our one gun. The effect of this gun upon the troops about the gate of the city was so marked that General Worth saw it from his position. Mentioned in the reports of Major Lee, Colonel Garland, and General Worth.--Publishers. He was so pleased that he sent a staff officer, Lieutenant [John C.] Pemberton — later Lieutenant-General commanding the defences of Vicksburg — to bring me to him. He expressed his gratification at the services the howitzer in the church steeple was doing, saying that every shot was effective, and ordered a captain of voltigeurs to report to me with another howitzer to be placed along with the one already rendering so much service. I could not tell the General that there was not room enough in the steeple for another gun, because he probably would have looked upon
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Van Dorn's movements-battle of Corinth-command of the Department of the Tennessee (search)
think was within the easy grasp of the commanding officer at Corinth. Since the war it is known that the result, as it was, was a crushing blow to the enemy, and felt by him much more than it was appreciated at the North. The battle relieved me from any further anxiety for the safety of the territory within my jurisdiction, and soon after receiving reinforcements I suggested to the general-in-chief a forward movement against Vicksburg [October 26]. On the 23d of October I learned of Pemberton's being in command at Holly Springs and much reinforced by conscripts and troops from Alabama and Texas. The same day [October 24] General Rosecrans was relieved from duty with my command, and shortly after he succeeded Buell in the command of the army in Middle Tennessee. I was delighted at the promotion of General Rosecrans to a separate command, because I still believed that when independent of an immediate superior the qualities which I, at that time, credited him with possessing, wo
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, The campaign against Vicksburg-Employing the freedmen-occupation of Holly Springs-Sherman ordered to Memphis-Sherman's movements down the Mississippi-Van Dorn captures Holly Springs-collecting forage and food (search)
I estimated the enemy confronting me, under Pemberton, at about the same number. General McPhersoSherman was at Memphis with the right wing. Pemberton was fortified at the Tallahatchie, but occupot under my command then) to cut the road in Pemberton's rear. The expedition was under Generals Hvery high, the railroad bridge destroyed and Pemberton strongly fortified on the south side. A crorther south than the Yallabusha [Yalobusha]. Pemberton's force in my front was the main part of theest Tennessee and Kentucky. I hoped to hold Pemberton in my front while Sherman should get in his at our movements were to be co-operative; if Pemberton could not be held away from Vicksburg I was River the line over which to draw supplies. Pemberton was falling back at the same time. The mfrom the diary of a lady who accompanied General Pemberton in his retreat from the Tallahatchie, thmy supplies, I would have been in pursuit of Pemberton while his cavalry was destroying the roads i
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Headquarters moved to Holly Springs-General McClernand in command-assuming command at Young's Point-operations above Vicksburg- fortifications about Vicksburg-the canal- Lake Providence-operations at Yazoo pass (search)
Headquarters moved to Holly Springs-General McClernand in command-assuming command at Young's Point-operations above Vicksburg- fortifications about Vicksburg-the canal- Lake Providence-operations at Yazoo pass This interruption in my communications north — I was really cut off from communication with a great part of my own command during this time-resulted in Sherman's moving from Memphis before McClernand could arrive, for my dispatch of the 18th did not reach McClernand. Pemberton got back to Vicksburg before Sherman got there. The rebel positions were on a bluff on the Yazoo River, some miles above its mouth. The waters were high so that the bottoms were generally overflowed, leaving only narrow causeways of dry land between points of debarkation and the high bluffs. These were fortified and defended at all points. The rebel position was impregnable against any force that could be brought against its front. Sherman could not use one-fourth of his force. His efforts to
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Attack on Grand Gulf-operations below Vicksburg (search)
formed me that a good landing would be found at Bruinsburg, a few miles above Rodney, from which point there was a good road leading to Port Gibson some twelve miles in the interior. The information was found correct, and our landing was effected without opposition. Sherman had not left his position above Vicksburg yet. On the morning of the 27th I ordered him to create a diversion by moving his corps up the Yazoo and threatening an attack on Haines' Bluff. My object was to compel Pemberton to keep as much force about Vicksburg as I could, until I could secure a good footing on high land east of the river. The move was eminently successful and, as we afterwards learned, created great confusion about Vicksburg and doubts about our real design. Sherman moved the day of our attack on Grand Gulf, the 29th, with ten regiments of his command and eight gunboats which Porter had left above Vicksburg. He debarked his troops and apparently made every preparation to attack the ene
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Capture of Port Gibson-Grierson's raid-occupation of Grand Gulf-movement up the Big Black- battle of Raymond (search)
nkinson's ferry Vicksburg could have been approached and besieged by the south side. It is not probable, however, that Pemberton would have permitted a close besiegement. The broken nature of the ground would have enabled him to hold a strong defetes from one command to another so they could support each other in case of an attack. In making this move I estimated Pemberton's movable force at Vicksburg at about eighteen thousand men, with smaller forces at Haines' Bluff and Jackson. It would not be possible for Pemberton to attack me with all his troops at one place, and I determined to throw my army between his and fight him in detail. This was done with success, but I found afterwards that I had entirely under-estimated Pemberton'sPemberton's strength. Up to this point our movements had been made without serious opposition. My line was now nearly parallel with the Jackson and Vicksburg railroad and about seven miles south of it. The right was at Raymond eighteen miles from Jackson
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Movement against Jackson-fall of Jackson-Intercepting the enemy-battle of Champion's Hill (search)
y force in that direction and then turn upon Pemberton. But by moving against Jackson, I uncoveredn in my mind was to have a force confronting Pemberton if he should come out to attack my rear. Th13th Johnston sent the following dispatch to Pemberton at Edward's station: I have lately arrived, in of success. I naturally expected that Pemberton would endeavor to obey the orders of his supned it more than a week before. On the 15th Pemberton had actually marched south from Edward's sta. They reported that they had passed through Pemberton's army in the night, and that it was still mernand's advance. Champion's Hill, where Pemberton had chosen his position to receive us, whethe others until it reaches Edward's station. Pemberton's lines covered all these roads, and faced eground as I did afterwards, I cannot see how Pemberton could have escaped with any organized force.. Loring's division, which was the right of Pemberton's line, was cut off from the retreating army[4 more...]
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Battle of Black River Bridge-crossing the Big Black-investment of Vicksburg-assaulting the works (search)
of Vicksburg-assaulting the works We were now assured of our position between Johnston and Pemberton, without a possibility of a junction of their forces. Pemberton might have made a night marchPemberton might have made a night march to the Big Black, crossed the bridge there and, by moving north on the west side, have eluded us and finally returned to Johnston. But this would have given us Vicksburg. It would have been his proper move, however, and the one Johnston would have made had he been in Pemberton's place. In fact it would have been in conformity with Johnston's orders to Pemberton. Sherman left Jackson withPemberton. Sherman left Jackson with the last of his troops about noon on the 16th and reached Bolton, twenty miles west, before halting. His rear guard did not get in until two A. M. the 17th, but renewed their march by daylight. Heh me, and I knew he was being reinforced. There was danger of his coming to the assistance of Pemberton, and after all he might defeat my anticipations of capturing the garrison if, indeed, he did n
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Siege of Vicksburg (search)
een enlisted since the beginning of the siege, but they behaved well. On the 8th of June a full division arrived from Hurlbut's command, under General Sooy Smith. It was sent immediately to Haines' Bluff, and General C. C. Washburn was assigned to the general command at that point. On the 11th a strong division arrived from the Department of the Missouri under General [Francis J.] Herron, which was placed on our left. This cut off the last possible chance of communication between Pemberton and Johnston, as it enabled Lauman to close up on McClernand's left while Herron intrenched from Lauman to the water's edge. At this point the water recedes a few hundred yards from the high land. Through this opening no doubt the Confederate commanders had been able to get messengers under cover of night. On the 14th General [John J.] Parke arrived with two divisions of Burnside's corps, and was immediately dispatched to Haines' Bluff. These latter troops-Herron's and Parke's — wer
Ulysses S. Grant, Personal Memoirs of U. S. Grant, Johnston's movements-fortifications at Haines' Bluff-explosion of the mine-explosion of the second mine-preparing for the assault-the Flag of truce-meeting with Pemberton-negotiations for surrender-accepting the terms- surrender of Vicksburg (search)
ing our rear, to raise the siege and release Pemberton. The correspondence between Johnston and Peeen Brownsville and the Big Black, and wrote Pemberton [July 3] from there that about the 7th of thre this message reached him. On July 1st Pemberton, seeing no hope of outside relief, addressed Colonel [L. M.] Montgomery, aide-de-camp to Pemberton, bearing the following letter to me: I have fused. He then suggested that I should meet Pemberton. To this I sent a verbal message saying than those indicated above. At three o'clock Pemberton appeared at the point suggested in my verbalal Porter soon after the correspondence with Pemberton commenced, so that hostilities might be stopn prisoners to give in exchange. Then again Pemberton's army was largely composed of men whose hombeen notified, from firing upon your men. Pemberton promptly accepted these terms. During thay, hoping to escape either alternative. Pemberton appealed to me in person to compel these men[20 more...]
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