ern entrance into East-Tennessee, the most valuable, if not the chief sources of supplies of coal for the manufactories and machine-shops of the Southern States, and is one of the great gateways through the mountains to the champaign counties of Georgia and Alabama.
For the better understanding of the campaign, I submit a brief outline of the topography of the country, from the barrens of the north-western base of the Cumberland Range to Chattanooga and its vicinity.
The Cumberland Range emy.
The ardor of the men overcame their fatigue, and, tired as they were, they resumed the double-quick march as they advanced up the ridge, right in the face of a galling fire.
If a man fell — and many did — he was left to enrich the soil of Georgia with his life's blood, or if able, to creep, alone and unassisted, to the rear, for none who were able to march left the ranks, which were kept well closed up, and the line was firmly maintained.
By this time the Seventy-eighth Illinois and O