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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 16: Secession of Virginia and North Carolina declared.--seizure of Harper's Ferry and Gosport Navy Yard.--the first troops in Washington for its defense. (search)
s from Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania had been. hourly expected all that day, and when evening approached, and they did not appear, the panic increased. When the Pennsylvanians came, they were hailed as deliverers by an immense throng, who greeted them with prolonged cheers, for they were the first promise of hope and safety. The fears of the inhabitants were immediately quieted. The Pennsylvanians were at once marched to the Capitol grounds, where they were reviewed by General McDowell; and then assigned quarters in the hall of the House of Representatives, in the south wing of the Capitol. They had been without food all day, but were soon supplied. The halls were at once lighted up and warmed, and the startling rumor spread over the city, that two thousand Northern troops, well armed with Minie rifles, were quartered in the Capitol! This rumor was started by James D. Gay, a member of the Ringgold Light Artillery, who was in Washington City on business at the tim
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 20: commencement of civil War. (search)
Bridge, at Georgetown; another at the Long Bridge, at Washington; and a third was to proceed in vessels, and seize the city of Alexandria. The three invading columns moved almost simultaneously. The one at Georgetown was commanded by General Irvin McDowell. Some local volunteers crossed first, and drove the insurgent pickets from the Virginia end of the Aqueduct Bridge. These were followed by the Fifth Massachusetts; the Twenty-eighth New York, from Brooklyn; Company B of the United Statehe frightened inhabitants of Fairfax County that no one, peaceably inclined, should be molested, and he exhorted the fugitives to return to their homes and resume their accustomed avocations. Two days afterward, May 27. he was succeeded by General McDowell, of the regular Army, who was appointed to the command of all the National forces then in Virginia. Colonel Wilcox, who was in command at Alexandria, was succeeded by Colonel Charles P. Stone, who, as we have observed, had been in charge of
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 22: the War on the Potomac and in Western Virginia. (search)
open a route through Harper's Ferry; and to send all available forces to cross the Potomac near the Point of Rocks, and, uniting with Colonel Stone at Leesburg, be in a position to operate against the foe in the :Shenandoah Valley, or to aid General McDowell when he should make his proposed march, with the main army near Washington, on the insurgents at Manassas. This would have placed him in a better position to prevent Johnston, at Winchester, from joining Beauregard at Manassas, than if stat At the middle of June the insurgents were hovering along the line of the railway between Alexandria and Leesburg, and on the 16th they fired upon a train of cars on that road, at the little village of Vienna, fifteen miles from Alexandria. General McDowell immediately ordered the First Ohio Regiment, Colonel A. McD. McCook, to picket and guard the road. These troops left their encampment near Alexandria on the 17th, accompanied by Brigadier-General Robert C. Schenck, and proceeded cautiously
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 24: the called session of Congress.--foreign relations.--benevolent organizations.--the opposing armies. (search)
y and vertigo; and for four months he had not been able to mount a horse. He chose Brigadier-General Irvin McDowell for that responsible position. That officer was a native of Ohio; a graduate 1834s he had been actively engaged in the reception of materials for, and the organization of, Irvin McDowell. what was afterward known as the Army of the Potomac. This work was but imperfectly accomp authorities with such fearful pressure, that the Army, such as it was, was moved forward, with McDowell as its chief. The people who were shouting Forward to Richmond! had no conception of the tio contact, each of which was divided, was as follows: The main body of the National army, under McDowell, about forty-five thousand in number, occupied a line, with the Potomac at its back, extending ain Confederate army, under the command of Beauregard, supposed to have been a little less than McDowell's in number (forty-five thousand), was at and near Manassas Junction, then considered one of th
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 25: the battle of Bull's Run, (search)
e soldiers was reported to the officers. General McDowell issued a stringent order, and threatened . The reconnoissance on the 19th satisfied McDowell that an attack on the Confederate front wouldring the artillery duel. Fully informed of McDowell's force and position by spies and traitors, Bime. The orders for an advance and attack by McDowell and Beauregard were dated on the same day. Jteries, and the cavalry moved, accompanied by McDowell, with Heintzelman (whose division commenced tt of the regiment, under the immediate eye of McDowell, and, with a part of Colburn's United States ow all concentrating on the right and rear of McDowell's forces. The woods on his flank and rear wereceived no orders in reply, he supposed that McDowell had been victorious at Manassas, and that the for the same purpose, and Blenker was sent. McDowell himself hastened to the left, where he found fly from the various official Reports of Generals McDowell, Beauregard, and Johnston, and their sub[33 more...]