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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 2: civil and military operations in Missouri. (search)
ake the appointment, his military education at the-West Point Academy being thought sufficient to promise a successful career in the field. He finally visited Bishop Meade, of Virginia, the senior bishop of the church in the United States, to consult with him about it. The result was in his case, as in that of General Joseph E. Johnston (who also consulted Bishop Meade as to what was his duty in a similar emergency); he received the approval of the prelate, and joined the army. It seems that Polk had satisfied himself that he ought to accept the commission, before he visited Bishop Meade; for the writer says, that when the latter suggested that the DioceBishop Meade; for the writer says, that when the latter suggested that the Diocesan of Louisiand was already holding a commission in a very different army, to which he owed allegiance, the great slave-holding bishop replied: I know that very well, and I do not intend to resign it. On the contrary, I shall only prove the more faithful to it by doing all that in me lies to bring this unhallowed and unnatural wa
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 16: the Army of the Potomac before Richmond. (search)
ing the stream below and the open fields beyond, over which the Confederates must approach. These, with two regiments of Meade's brigade as reserves were well supported by Morell's division and Sykes's regulars. General Reynolds held the right, anuaker or Willis. road, along which the Nationals had fled, and not far from Willis Church, McCall's division was posted, Meade's brigade on the right, Seymour's on the left, and that of Reynolds (who was a prisoner), under Colonel S. G. Simmons, ofttery on the right was also captured, and the greater portion of its supporting regiment was driven back, when McCall and Meade rallied their infantry for its recapture. A terrible hand-to-hand fight ensued, and the reserves were repulsed, but they carried back with them their recovered guns. In this encounter, just at dark, Meade was severely wounded, and McCall, who had lost all of his brigadiers and was reconnoitering, was captured. Then the command devolved upon Seymour. The noise of b
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 17: Pope's campaign in Virginia. (search)
able distance, but though confused, it was unbroken; and it still held the Warrenton turnpike, by which alone Pope's Army might. Safely retreat. Pope had now no alternative but to fall back toward Washington. He issued an order to that effect at eight o'clock in the evening. Aug. 30, 1862. the whole Army was directed to withdraw during the night across Bull's Run to the heights of Centreville. This was done chiefly by way of the Stone Bridge; see page 587, volume I. the brigades of Meade and Seymour, and some other troops, covering the movement. The night was very dark, and Lee fortunately did not pursue; and in the morning Aug. 31. Bull's Run once again divided the two great armies. So ended the Second battle of Bull's Run. Pope was joined at Centreville by the corps of Franklin and Sumner, making his force a little more than sixty thousand, and fully equal to that of Lee. The 31st was passed by the Nationals in comparative quiet, but a severe struggle was had on the
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 18: Lee's invasion of Maryland, and his retreat toward Richmond. (search)
ends. His command devolved on General Cox. Meade had followed Hooker from the Kittoctan Creek, with Lee, was just coming up to the support of Meade, when the contest of that point ceased. Meanw bridge No. 1, with the divisions of Ricketts, Meade, and Doubleday, and attack and turn the Confedood, and after a sharp contest, commenced with Meade's Pennsylvania Reserves, near the house of D. numbers from the woods, and fell heavily upon Meade in the Dunker Church. cornfield. Hooker ca of the heights. He accordingly threw forward Meade's division, supported by Gibbon's on its right, with Doubleday's in reserve. Meade had not proceeded far when he was confronted by a Confederate men made prisoners and several battle-flags. Meade still pressed on; crossed the railway and up tna veterans, on Lee's second line. These gave Meade such a warm reception that he Was obliged to hheavy loss. Gibbon now came up gallantly to Meade's support, but was repulsed, and when the shat[3 more...]
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 2., Chapter 21: slavery and Emancipation.--affairs in the Southwest. (search)
bor States. Up to that time the loyal States had furnished for the war, wholly by volunteering, more than one million two hundred thousand men, of whom; on the 1st of January, 1863, about seven hundred thousand were in the service. Sickness, casualties in the field, the expiration of terms of enlistment, discharges for physical disability, and desertions, had greatly thinned the original regiments. The fearful waste of an army may be comprehended by considering the statement made by General Meade, in a reply to an address of welcome from tile Mayor of Philadelphia, that from March, 1862, when the Army of the Potomac left its lines in front of Washington, to the close of 1856, not less than 100,000 men of that army had been killed or wounded. The most important movement at the close of 1862 was that of the beginning of the second siege of Vicksburg, which resulted in its capture at the following midsummer, and which engaged the services of nearly all the troops westward of the