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Emil Schalk, A. O., The Art of War written expressly for and dedicated to the U.S. Volunteer Army., Example of a battle of the offensive defense: battle of Austerlitz, December 2, 1805. (search)
the greater part of his forces, about 80,000 men, near Fleurus and Ligny — leaving, in this position, his base of operation on the Rhine, toy in marching, and were therefore of no use either in the battle of Ligny or in that of Quatre-Bras. Napoleon, thinking the Prussians had , was already there. This corps had taken no part in the battle of Ligny; and, besides, from the 80,000 men present at the battle of the 16te of Waterloo ; the remainder represents the loss in the battles of Ligny and Quatre-Bras, besides the division of Girard, which was with the, that of Bulow was the only one that took no part in the battle of Ligny on the 16th; the other corps had experienced heavy losses, and the t, and consequently had not experienced any loss, at the battles of Ligny and Quatre-Bras. The loss of the English amounted to 21,000 men;f the Prussians, to 7000. The French estimate their total loss, at Ligny, Quatre-Bras, and Waterloo, at from 25,000 to 30,000 men. The resul
he next day, Kutusoff tried to open himself a passage in the direction of Winterthur; in this attempt he lost a great part of his army. Passage of the Limmat by Massena 25th September 1799. Retreat and pursuit. the moment we leave the battle-field to retreat, our operation becomes one of Strategy as well as of Tactics. The direction in which we retreat is of the utmost importance. In the example of the battle of Waterloo this can easily he seen. If Blucher, after the battle of Ligny, had retreated to Namur, as many a general would have done, Wellington's army would have been lost, and a double defeat the consequence; his retreat to Wavre, and arrival at Belle Alliance, changed the defeat to the most decided victory. The direction of our retreat will depend on many circumstances. If we are co-operating with another army, we should retreat in this direction, to make a junction with it and obtain a central position between the enemy's armies. We may also retreat dir